Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean. The word Ghana means “Warrior King” in the Soninke language. With these 50 interesting facts about Ghana, let’s learn more about its: history, culture, geography, people, economy, food, traditions and more…

Facts about Culture and Tradition

Fact 1. Culture and tradition of the Ghanaian people of West Africa are mixed especially due to the fact that the country boasts of several tribes that uphold their different cultural orientations as well as their varied ways of life. In as much as there is a multiplicity of different ethnic groups, the culture is overall unified and as such, Ghana has enjoyed political stability in the region even after the post-Colonial era.

Fact 2. Traditionally, Ghana as a nation was divided into three different castes namely, royals, commoners, and slaves. Up to date, the traditional class stratification is still recognized although slavery is not prominent in today’s Ghana.

Fact 3. Polygamy is legal and people do not have a problem with the polygamous families in so far as the breadwinner can sufficiently provide for the families. However, marrying more than one wife is most often than not a reserve for the wealthier as well as powerful members of the society.

Fact 4. Traditional practices on widow inheritance are still prominently practiced in that a widow is expected to be married by a living brother of the late husband and as such assume full responsibility for the children left behind as well as his new wife.

Fact 5. Generally, Ghanaian culture lays more emphasis on being hospitable to everyone in the society, practicing good manners in every setting as well as respect for everyone.

Fact 6. In as much as Ghanaian culture and traditional beliefs are found to vary from one ethnic group to the other, the Akan religious practices laid more emphasis on ancestral intercession coupled with beliefs in other gods, spirits, and goddesses.

Fact 7. With time and changes taking place in the world today, Ghana has not been left behind in that Christianity has influenced most of their traditionally held beliefs and many people today are found to abandon polygamy and practice monogamy which is a widely held belief practiced by Christians.

Fact 8. Ghana uses English as their official language which however has a distinctive West African Accent.

Fact 9. Akan is the most popularly used language in Ghana after English spoken by nearly 12.7 % of the people.

Fact 10. In Ghana, it is a traditional practice that seasons like harvesting have to be accompanied by ceremonies. Other popularly celebrated ceremonies are like the age ceremonies for girls which take place before marriage or giving birth.

Facts on Ghana’s history

Fact 11. Ghana was the first country to gain independence in West Africa from the British people.

Fact 12. The country was named after the medieval empire of West Africa which initially was Wagadugu.

Fact 13. Some of the people found living in Ghana today are believed to have ancestors linked with medieval Ghana especially people from the Northern region.

Fact 14. Ghana before 1957 was commonly known as the Gold Coast due to the availability of gold along the rivers Ankobra and Volta.

Fact 15. The gold availability in the region created vested interests between the British, Portuguese resulting to rivalry in 1482.

Read: Facts about Portugal 

Fact 16. After the World War II, educated Ghanaians thought it wise that they could seek independence of their country and liberate themselves from oppression.

Fact 17. The war veterans were prominent taking forward the struggle for liberation with the notion that colonization was a form of oppression. They began fighting it.

Fact 18. In the year 1945, during a meeting in Manchester attended by Kwame Nkrumah, serious concerns on independence were raised giving way to Pan-African consciousness.

Fact 19. Ghana had their first constitution in 1946.

Fact 20. Kwame Nkrumah became the first president of independent Ghana after they gained independence in 1957.

Related: Interesting facts about Benin

Ghana facts for kids 

Flag of Ghana
Flag of Ghana. (Note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band.) Source – CIA

Fact 21. Most Ghanaian people dress in brightly colored clothing preferably made of silk.

Fact 22. Ghanaians enjoy dancing, playing the drums and like food.

Fact 23. Ghana has enjoyed periods of both war and peace even after independence.

Fact 24. The terrain in Ghana is mostly of low-lying plains with notable hills well distributed throughout the country.

Fact 25. People in Ghana mostly speak English though other native languages are widely spoken like Akan, Ewe, Ga and Moshi-Dagomba.

Fact 26. Ghana has a population growth rate of 2.18% (2015 est.)

Fact 27. Literacy levels are high in Ghana with 57% of the people having the ability to read and write.

Fact 28. Religiously, Ghana has Christians and Muslims as well as some other few local religions.

Fact 29. Currently, the country has an approximated population of 22,019, 000 people.

Fact 30. Ghana kids mostly pass their time after formal school hours either playing games or dancing.

Poverty in Ghana

Fact 31. Ghana struggles with poverty in the region due to its high population rate.

Fact 32. Most of the people living in the southern part of the country are considered rich than those in the North.

Fact 33. Overall poverty rates are declining in Ghana as compared to other countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa thus the country is considered to be the leading nation in Africa pin meeting the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals).

Fact 34. Agriculture is the major employer in the country thus most people are found farming their lands translating to high poverty rates.

Fact 35. However, the country struggles to be a middle income earning country due to its long political stability in the region.

Economy and geography

Ghana on map with neighboring countries
Ghana on map with neighboring countries

Fact 36. The rate of economic growth has been sluggish due to inflation in the past two years.

Fact 37. The government has been involved in finding measures to restore sanity in the markets with more efforts on regulating, borrowing locally than abroad though the efforts are characterized by uncertainty.

Fact 38. Starting a business in Ghana has been made easy with the little bureaucracy involved and regulated business freedom.

Fact 39. The Ghanaian government is committed to removing all taxes on fuel among other subsidies in a bid to cushion marketing and other business minded people.

Fact 40. Foreigners are encouraged to invest in the country provided they are legally registered with the government.

Fact 41. Ghana is a West African country located in the gulf of Guinea.

Fact 42. The country borders Burkina Faso to the North, Togo to the East and the Atlantic Ocean is to the West.

Fact 43. In comparison, Ghana covers an area which is slightly smaller than Oregon.

Fact 44. The capital City of Ghana is Accra which has a population of approximately 2.573 million people.

Fact 45. The main Cash crop grown in Ghana is Cocoa.

Food and music in Ghana

Fact 46. Most of Ghanaian foods are traditional reflective of the country’s history as well as agriculture.

Fact 47. The delicacy for most people is boiled cassava, plantains, and yams which are rolled into balls commonly known as fufu.

Fact 48. Most, if not all dishes in Ghana are spiced up mainly with chilies and red peppers.

Fact 49. Ghana boasts of having the largest open-air market in West Africa located in Kumasi where people go to buy clothes, fabric as well as garments.

Fact 50. Ghanaians celebrate a dancing festival held annually and most of their celebrities are known globally as not allowing their wealth or even statuses affect their daily living.

Quick/fast facts about Ghana

IndependenceMarch 06, 1957 (from Britain)
Capital CityAccra
5°33′N 0°12′W
Largest CityAccra
5°33′N 0°12′W
Total area238,533 sq km
Population26,327,649 (2015 est.)
Official LanguageEnglish
Languages spokenAkuapem Twi, Asante Twi, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Fante, Nzema, Wasa, Talensi, Frafra
National AnthemGod Bless Our Homeland Ghana
ReligionChristianity, Islam and others
BordersCôte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso and Togo
CurrencyGhana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Life expectancy66.18 years
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Climatetropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
Terrainmostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area
Natural resourcesgold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Agricultural land69.1%
National symbolblack star, golden eagle; national colors: red, yellow, green, black
Independence6 March 1957 (from the UK)
Birth rate31.09 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Death rate7.22 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Sex ratio0.97 male(s)/female (2015 est.)
Industries mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building, petroleum
GDP - per capita (PPP)$4,300 (2015 est.)
Exports$10.75 billion (2015 est.)
oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products
Imports$13.42 billion (2015 est.)
capital equipment, refined petroleum, foodstuffs
Internet country
Internet users6.181 million
percent of population: 23.5% (July 2015 est.)
Time ZoneGMT (UTC+0)
Calling Code+233
Drives on theRight