Aruba, is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located in the southern Caribbean Sea.

36 interesting facts about Aruba

1. The flag of Aruba, as well as its official anthem, “Aruba Dushi Tera,” were adopted on March 18, 1976.

2. The island is located 15 miles north of Venezuela.

3. Alonso de Ojeda became the first European to land on the island in 1499.

4. Before the Europeans took control of the island, it (Aruba) was inhabited by its indigenous population.

5. Aruba is famous for its white-sand beaches.

A beautiful sunset in Aruba.
Interesting facts about Aruba: A beautiful sunset in Aruba. Image credit – Ken Bosma

6. The Aruba International Film Festival welcomes filmmakers and film enthusiasts from around the world. The festival is internationally renowned.

7. Aruba was declared a useless island because of its absence of natural resources, including precious metals.

8. For a period of 108 years between 1816 and 1924, the population of the island increased from a mere 1,732 to 9,021.

9. The first chapel of Aruba was built in 1750.

About Aruba’s favorite sports, people, tourism and economy

10. Every year in June, Aruba hosts the Hi-Winds Amateur World Challenge windsurfing tournament. Without a doubt, Aruba is one of the most popular spots on earth for windsurfers.

11. The island has plenty of baseball lovers, as well. The tiny country has also produced some of the best athletes on the world stage.

12. People from more than 90 nationalities can be found in Aruba. Thus, you have a good chance of meeting someone from your country if you happen to visit this island nation.

13. By 1984, tourism took center stage of the Aruban economy, backed by consistent efforts from the government.

14. The GDP of the country more than doubled between 1987 and 1992 because of the improvements made in the tourism business.

15. 18 percent of Aruba’s land area lies within Arikok National Park.

Map of Aruba
Interesting facts about Aruba: Map of Aruba

16. Four countries, including Aruba, form the kingdom of the Netherlands. The other three countries are: Netherlands, Curacao and Saint Maarten.

17. The nationality of the citizens of Aruba is Dutch, which is also the nationality of the citizens of the other three countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

18. Foreigners can obtain Dutch nationality by marrying Arubans (marriages for the sake of acquiring nationality are called “fake marriages”).

19. Fort Zoutman is Aruba’s oldest building. It was built in 1798 to protect Oranjestad from pirates.

20. The holiday of Carnaval is also an important one in Aruba.

A view of oranjestad - capital of Aruba.
A view of Oranjestad – capital of Aruba. Image credit – Roger W

Did you know?

21. The legal drinking age in Aruba is 18 for beer, wine, and spirits.

22. Aruba’s first multi-story resort hotel–the Caribbean Hotel–opened in 1959.

23. Littering laws are quite strict in the island nation. So be careful and do not throw empty bottles of beer or wine on the beaches!

24. Aruba does not have any significant natural sources of fresh water. You can drink Aruba’s tap water without any worries, as it is supplied from a saltwater desalination plant.

25. Today, It is a densely populated country with limited land resources and a huge population.

26. Most Arubans are multilingual, and are able to communicate in English and Spanish, as well.

27. While on the island, dial 911 if you require an ambulance, and 100 for police.

28. The license plate of Aruban cars is adorned with their slogan – ‘One happy Island.’ Aruba still issues new plates every year – possibly because of the value of used plate sales to tourists.

A car's license plate Aruba
Interesting facts about Aruba: A car’s license plate from Aruba. Image credit – Roger W

29. Aruba was a Spanish colony for at least 100 years.

30. The Aruban currency has images of the rattlesnake and the owl.

31. Aruba does not utilize Daylight Saving Time.

32. Aruba sees an average annual temperature of 28 degrees Celsius (82 degrees Fahrenheit).

33. Foreign workers are restricted to three years residency on the island. This immigration law was enforced in 2007 to restrict population growth.

34. Officially, Aruba is not a part of the European Union.

35. Tourism, aloe exports, and petroleum refining dominate the island’s economy.

36. The official currency of Aruba is Aruban florin. However, many businesses operate using U.S. dollars instead of florins because of a large number of American visitors to the island. You can pay in U.S. dollars at hotels and resorts on the island.

Quick facts about Aruba

Capital CityOranjestad
12°31′N 70°2′W
Largest CityOranjestad
12°31′N 70°2′W
Total area180 sq km
Population112,162 (July 2015 est.)
Official LanguageDutch and Papiamento
BordersBordered by the Caribbean sea on all sides. (No land borders)
CurrencyAruban florin (AWG)
Life expectancy76.56 years (2012)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Natural resourcesNEGL; white sandy beaches foster tourism
Terrain flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
Agricultural land11.1%
Birth rate12.56 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Death rate8.18 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Sex ratio0.9 male(s)/female (2015 est.)
Government typeparliamentary democracy (Legislature); part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
National symbolHooiberg (Haystack) Hill; national colors: blue, yellow, red, white
National anthem"Aruba Deshi Tera" (Aruba Precious Country)
Industriestourism, petroleum transshipment facilities, banking
Exports$189.2 million (2015 est.)
live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment
Imports$1.329 billion (2015 est.)
machinery and electrical equipment, refined oil for bunkering and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs
GDP - per capita (PPP)$25,300 (2011 est.)
Internet country
Internet users99,000
percent of population: 88.7% (July 2015 est.)
Time ZoneAST (UTC−4)
Calling Code+297
Drives on theRight