Bolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. It is a developing country with a medium ranking in the Human Development Index and a poverty level of 53 percent. With these 34 interesting facts about Bolivia, let’s learn about its culture, history, economy, people, industries, tourism, tradition, religion and more.
Fact 1: Bolivia is a landlocked South American country.
Facts about famous tourist attractions in Bolivia
Fact 2: The world’s largest butterfly sanctuary, which spans 24 hectares, is in Bolivia. It is located 20 minutes from downtown Santa Cruz, and is open 365 days a year.
A variety of amenities are available inside the sanctuary for the visiting guests. There are restaurants, bars, tent-camping facilities, bungalows, a resort hotel, picnic and barbeque areas, a huge children’s playground, biolabs and much more. You can spend weeks — not just days — inside the sanctuary without running out of things to see.
Fact 3: The North Yungas Road, which is also known as the Road of Fate or Death Road, is in Bolivia. It is 56 kilometers long, and as per an estimate, nearly 200-300 people died from falling off the road every year until recent improvements were made to the road to avoid casualties. The road also has cross markings on the places where vehicles have fallen in the past to alert passing drivers.
Fact 4: Bolivia has the world’s largest salt flat, which covers 10,582 square kilometers (4,086 sq mi) of area and is 3,656 meters above sea level. It contains 50 to 70% of the world’s lithium reserves.
Kids please note that the altimeters of Earth observation satellites are calibrated on the salt desert due to its large area, clear skies and exceptional flatness.
Fact 5: Madidi National Park, with an area of 18,958 square kilometers, is part of one of the largest protected areas in the world.
Fact 6: Tiwanaku, located in Bolivia, is among South America’s most intriguing archeological sites.
Fact 7: Bolivia also has Lake Titicaca, which is the world’s highest navigable lake at 12,507 feet above sea level. It has a surface area of 8,300 square kilometers. It is shared between Bolivia and Peru.
Fact 8: San Pedro prison in Bolivia is another tourist attraction. Unlike other prisons around the world, this special prison permits its inmates to live with their families, work, earn and even buy or rent their accommodations.
Fact 9: A hotel in Bolivia–The Hotel Luna Salad–is built entirely from salt blocks including the interior and the furniture.
Fact 10: For those who have a special interest in dinosaurs, it will be interesting to know that there are 5055 footprints from at least 8 different species of dinosaurs in Bolivia on Cal Orko, an imposing limestone slab 1.5 km long and more than 100 meters high. The marks are 68 million years old. And they are on a vertical wall.
Amazed? Want to know how was it possible for the dinosaurs to walk on a vertical wall?
The interesting fact is that tectonic plate activity pushed the flat ground at such an incredible angle that it became a famous tourist spot for visitors from all over the world. Mother Nature has her own ways of preserving and revealing things…
Facts about Bolivia’s History
Fact 11: During the 18th century, Bolivia was known as Upper Peru. It got its name from Simon Bolivar, the military and political leader.
Fact 12: Bolivia became independent on August 6, 1825 (from Spain).
Fact 13: An estimated eight million Andean Indians died because of the mining of Cerro Rico (Rich Hill). The mine is 4,860 meters above sea level. Each day, approximately 3,000 tons of minerals are brought out of it by around 15,000 miners. The mine has provided these resources for the past 460 years.
Fact 14: Bolivia is home to the highest administrative capital city in the world, La Paz. It is roughly 11,975 ft above sea level. It has one airport, and has a population of 877,363 (2008). However, the official capital city of Bolivia is Sucre. Thus, it is the only country in the world with two capital cities.
Fact 15: Bolivians become eligible to vote at the age of 18 if they are married, and at 21 if they are single.
Fact 16: Interestingly, there are 37 official languages in Bolivia.
Fact 17: Bolivia contributes 70% of all Brazil nuts produced worldwide.
Fact 18: Bolivia gets over 8000 mm of rain, on average, per year, which makes it one of the wettest countries in the world.
Fact 19: The dolphins in the Amazon in Bolivia are pink.
Fact 20: More than 40% of all animal and plant life on planet Earth is found in Bolivia in its tropical rainforests and Pantanal Wetlands.
Fact 21: Guinea pig is a delicacy in Bolivia. It is usually served whole, with the legs and head pointing up.