Cameroon lies at the junction of west and central Africa. It is the most urban and ethnically diverse nation in western Africa. Let’s learn more about Cameroon’s history, economy, culture, people, religion and government.
39 Interesting facts about Cameroon
1. Cameroon is a central African country.
2. On January 1, 1960, Cameroon became an independent republic.
3. Cameroon attained UN membership on September 20, 1960.
4. There are more than 1700 different linguistic groups in the country. And 230 other languages are spoken in the region apart from its official languages – French and English.
5. The country receives plenty of rainfall every year, making it one of the wettest places on Earth.
6. Because of the geographical and cultural diversity of the country, it is often referred to as “Africa in miniature” and as “the hinge of Africa”.
7. Thermal springs can be found throughout the country.
8. As per the CIA Fact Book, HIV/AIDS caused an estimated 34,200 deaths in Cameroon in 2014.
9. In 2014, the unemployment rate in Cameroon was estimated to be at 4%.
10. Oil exports contribute 40% towards the total export earnings of the country.
11. Mount Cameroon is the highest point in the country at 13,500 ft.
12. The country also has a large amount of natural gas reserves.
13. You may be surprised to learn that it is also the only active volcano in the country. It last erupted in 2012.
14. And there are about 500,000 people living near the volcano in three main towns of Limbe, Buea and Muyuka.
15. Sanaga River is the longest river in Cameroon. However, it is not navigable. Other important rivers are the Benue and Nyong.
16. There are two hydroelectric power stations on the banks of the River Sanaga.
17. Before World War I, the vast majority of the country was a German colony. At that time it was known as Kamerun.
18. The area was named “Rio dos Camarões” by Portuguese explorers after their arrival on the coast in the 15th century.
19. The country was officially named the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972, and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984.
20. Did you know that every variety of flora and fauna that is available in tropical Africa can be found in Cameroon as well? It is home to at least 409 species of mammals and 165 species of birds.