66 Significant Facts about Azerbaijan

Last updated on July 8th, 2017 at 10:40 am

The conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia

13. Nagorno-Karabakh (a territory inside Azerbaijan, but consists mainly of ethnic Armenian) is a landlocked region, which became a reason for conflict (territorial and ethnic) between Azerbaijan and the neighboring Armenia.

14. During the war which started in 1991 after the declaration of independence by Nagorno-Karabakh (a self-declared autonomous region), an estimated 30,000 people were killed and a million left their home.

15. At the end of the war, Ethnic Armenian militia gained control of the region.

16. A ceasefire was signed in 1994. However, the tension between Armenia and Azerbaijan mounted once again in 2014 for a short while.

17. Notable people: The country has produced many scientists (Kerim Kerimov, Seyid Yahya Bakuvi), musicians, thinkers, poets, philosophers (Adil Asadov, Zumrud Gulu-zade), thinkers and architects.

18. Azerbaijan vs rest of the world: Azerbaijan stands on the 113th spot on the list of the world countries by area. Also, in the area, Australia is 89 times, and Guatemala (a Central American country) is 1.25 times larger than Azerbaijan.

19. In population: Azerbaijan is on the 92nd spot among the list of the countries with the highest population. China’s population is 139 times that of Azerbaijan (2016 statistics).

20. Check and mate: Azerbaijan is the home of two of the world class chess players – Garry Kasparov and Teymur Rajabov. Garry was born in Azerbaijan’s capital Baku and was undisputed world champion between 1985 and 1993.

Geographical facts

21. Agricultural region: The Kura River Valley in Azerbaijan is its major agricultural zone.

22. Mountains vs plains: Mountains cover 60% area of the country and the remaining is covered by plains and lowlands.

23. Highest point: Bazarduzu (Parent range: Greater Caucasus) is the highest peak of the country at 4466 meters.

24. Location: Azerbaijan is located at the intersection of the temperate and subtropical climate zones.

25. Also known as: Azerbaijan is also called as “the museum of mineral waters.” Istisu (hot water spring), Sirab, and Badamly are famed mineral waters. The country has more than 1000 unlimited mineral water resources.

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26. A land of many rivers: Azerbaijan also has an abundance of small and large rivers accounting to more than 8400 in total. However, only 24 of these rivers are more than 100 kilometers long.

27. Country’s largest port: Baku, with an estimated population of 3 million, is the largest port on the Caspian Sea. Baku is expected to be 5,500 years old.

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