44 Important Facts about Ecuador

Last updated on November 13th, 2017

#31. Ecuador’s Cotopaxi is the highest active volcano in the world.

#32. Chimborazo’s summit is the point on earth closest to the sun and the farthest from the core of the earth, due to the earth’s slide bulge there. This also means that Ecuador is the closest country on earth to outer space.

#33. Ecuador sees very little change in the length of its days from winter to summer due to its location on the equator. Sunrise and sunset happen every day at around 6:00 am and pm, respectively. 

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Interesting facts about Ecuador

#34. The cinchona tree is Ecuador’s national tree. This tree produces Quinine, which was the first drug ever used to treat and prevent malaria.

#35. The famous Panama Hat is actually made in Ecuador. Craftsmen on the coast wove straw hats that were taken to Panama to be sold to protect canal workers from the sun. After the canal was complete, they were sold to the affluent Westerners who traveled through the Canal.

#36. Ecuador was the first nation to ever declare that nature has constitutional rights. In 2008 Ecuador recognized that nature has the “right to exist, persist….and regenerate its vital cycles’, and therefore has constitutional rights. Nature should not be treated as property.

#37. Ecuador has one of the greatest densities of volcanoes on earth. Ecuador was the first country in the history of the world to eliminate the death penalty. They waived it in 1906.

#38. Ecuador maintains a scientific research station in Antarctica. The Antarctica Treaty designated this continent be set aside for research and not for ownership, and Ecuador in a part of that treaty.

#39. Forty percent of the adults in Ecuador don’t have access to a bank account.

#40. There are more mobile phones than people in Ecuador. The government sees this as an opportunity to test the use of digital currency.

#41. Ecuador has a military base in Peru on one perpetually leased square kilometer of their territory.

#42. In Quito water boils at 90°C instead of 100°C. This is a direct effect of altitudes.

#43. Members of fifteen percent of the bird species in the world can be found in Ecuador. That means that more than 1600 different bird species live in the country.

#44. There are more than 25,000 plant species growing in Ecuador and a minimum of 317 documented mammal species native to the country.

Also read: Interesting facts about Paraguay

With beautiful scenery, tremendous biodiversity, and native cultures with their original languages, customs, and handcrafts, Ecuador is a fascinating place to visit.

Ecuador – country at a glance

Independence24 May 1822 (from Spain)
Capital CityQuito
(00°9′S 78°21′W)
Largest CityGuayaquil
Total area283,561 sq km
Population16,080,778 (July 2016 est.)
Suffrage18-65 years of age, universal and compulsory; 16-18, over 65, and other eligible voters, voluntary
Official LanguageSpanish
DemonymEcuadorian
BordersBrazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.
CurrencyUnited States dollar (USD)
ReligionRoman Catholic 74%, Evangelical 10.4%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, other 6.4%
Life expectancy76.8 years (2016)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Climatetropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
Terraincoastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)
Natural resourcespetroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
Agricultural land29.7%
Government typepresidential republic
PresidentLenín Moreno
Vice PresidentJorge Glas
Birth rate18.2 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Sex ratio0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
National symbolAndean condor
National colorsyellow, blue, red
National anthem"Salve, Oh Patria!" (We Salute You, Our Homeland)
Industriespetroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals
Exports$16.77 billion (2016 est.)
petroleum, bananas, cut flowers, shrimp, cacao, coffee, wood, fish
Imports$17.74 billion (2016 est.)
industrial materials, fuels and lubricants, non durable consumer goods
GDP - per capita (PPP)$11,000 (2016 est.)
Time ZoneECT / GALT (UTC−5 / −6)
Internet country code.ec
Calling Code+593
Drives on theRight
Data sourcesCIA, Wikipedia
Table last updatedJune 22, 2017