38 Important Facts About Haiti

Last updated on September 7th, 2017

#21. Corruption is another potential threat to the country and its citizens. It is ranked at the 159th spot out of 176 countries listed by Transparency International. Somalia is the most corrupt country in the world and sits at the 176th spot.

#22. Anemia is common among small children between the ages of six months and five years. Read the full report here. 

#23. Smallpox was also detected for the first time in Haiti in 1507. At that time, the country was known as Hispaniola.

#24. There is just one public university in Haiti: the University of Haiti in Port-au-Prince, founded in 1944. Wealthy students prefer overseas educational institutions and universities.

#25. A cholera outbreak in the country in 2010 caused the death of more than 8,900 people, and affected 733,000 others, lasting until 2015.

poor sanitation in haiti
Facts About Haiti: Poor Sanitation Conditions Prevail in Haiti. Source

#26. Haitian children are prone to deaths, as more than 10% of them die before reaching the age of five. Half of its children are unvaccinated.

#27. Only 40% of its population has access to basic health care. It is also the most densely populated country in the Western Hemisphere, with 747 people per square mile.

#28. The average per capita income in Haiti is very low. It is $480 a year with 80% of nationals living below the poverty line.

#29. Haiti had more than 430,000 orphans in the region before the 2010 earthquake. The high number of these orphans is also attributed to violence and AIDS.

Long history with Pirates of the Caribbean, slavery, burial of Columbus and more…

#30. The majority of Haitians’ income is spent on food. Access to other life amenities is neither readily available, nor they can financially afford it. Rural areas in Haiti account for 79% of its population.

#31. Out of the 14 airports in Haiti, only four have paved runways. Coffee is the main export crop.

#32. Haiti is the only other nation in the Americas to have French as their official language. Wondering what is the other nation? It is Canada.

#33. Haiti was once a haven for pirates from the Caribbean. Haiti had gold mines and easy escape routes for the pirates, and they (Haitians) also served as local laborers for mining and plantation work by the pirates.

#34. Gourde, Haiti’s currency, is named after a plant called ‘gourd.’

#35. French and Haitian Creole are the official languages of Haiti.

#36. Christopher Columbus is also buried in Haiti in the Cathedral of Santa Maria.

#37. Slaves were sold by Haiti to other countries, which brought them great wealth at the time.

#38. The 2010 earthquake caused devastation to such an extent that as per experts, it will take decades to rebuild the lost infrastructure to support: health, governance, agriculture and security. It also claimed the lives of more than 200,000 Haitians.

haiti-deforestation
Interesting Facts About Haiti – Deforestation in Haiti. Source

The devastation caused by natural disasters becomes uncontainable because there is no way to bound the floods and obstruct their floor. Land also becomes infertile because of the removal of its top layer. Destruction in Haiti has had threatening impacts in the past and continues to endanger the current population unless strict measures are adopted and practiced.

Map of Haiti

haiti map
Interesting Facts About Haiti: Haiti Map

Related: Interesting facts about the Dominican Republic

Haiti country profile

Independence1 January 1804 (from France)
Capital CityPort-au-Prince
(18°32′N 72°20′W)
Largest CityPort-au-Prince
(18°32′N 72°20′W)
National Anthem"La Dessalinienne" (The Dessalines Song)
National holidayIndependence Day, 1 January (1804)
National symbolsHispaniolan trogon (bird), hibiscus flower
National colors
blue, red
Total area27,750 sq km
Population10,646,714 (2017 est.)
Literacy rate60.7%
Official LanguageFrench
Borders Dominican Republic
CurrencyHaitian gourde (G) (HTG)
ReligionRoman Catholic
Life expectancy63.8 years (2016)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
DemonymHaitian
Terrainmostly rough and mountainous
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Natural resourcesbauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower, arable land
Agricultural land66.4%
Birth rate23 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratio0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Government typesemi-presidential republic
PresidentJovenel Moïse
Prime MinisterJack Guy Lafontant
Industriestextiles, sugar refining, flour milling, cement, light assembly using imported parts
Exports$933.2 million (2016 est.)
apparel, manufactures, oils, cocoa, mangoes, coffee
Imports$3.149 billion (2016 est.)
food, manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, raw materials
GDP - per capita (PPP):$1,800 (2016 est.)
Internet country code.ht
Time ZoneEST (UTC−5)
Calling Code+509
Drives on theRight
Data sourcesCIA, Wikipedia
Table last updatedSeptember 7, 2017

References:

  1. http://edition.cnn.com/2013/10/17/world/americas/haiti-fast-facts/
  2. http://facts.randomhistory.com/haiti-facts.html
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiti
  4. http://www.travelingwiththejones.com/2014/05/22/20-interesting-facts-about-haiti/