Nicaragua Facts: 55 Interesting Facts About Nicaragua

Nicaragua is a beautiful tropical country with amazing landscapes and friendly people. Its warm climate and biodiversity are enough to lure visits from all over the world. With these interesting facts about Nicaragua; let’s learn more about its culture, history, people, economy, geography, cuisines, capital city, map, poverty and more…

Interesting facts about Nicaragua’s Geography and Climate

Fact 1. Nicaragua consists of three definite geographical regions:  the Atlantic Lowlands, the North-Central Highlands and the Pacific Lowlands and the latter is the most populous region of the country.

Fact 2. Central America’s largest lake is Lake Nicaragua, which provides the water supply for much of Nicaragua and is the country’s largest tourist attraction. This lake is enormous and contains the largest lake island in the world.

Fact 3. Nicaragua’s famous Dual Volcano is the only one in the world that is fed by two separate flows of magma. This makes it possible for it to erupt from two types of magma channels.

Fact 4. There are around 430 volcanic islands in vast Lake Nicaragua. Nicaragua uses the intense steam from deep inside its volcanoes for geothermal energy.

Fact 5. The country is susceptible to both earthquakes and volcanic activity as well as being extremely susceptible to hurricanes.

Fact 6. Nicaragua has declared 70 areas as protected regions of water and land in order to protect their endangered species. These include different species of monkeys, boa constrictors, jaguars, sloths, green turtles and sea turtles.

Nicaragua on map with neighboring countries
Nicaragua on map with neighboring countries

Fact 7. Nicaragua’s wettest months are usually from June to October and its driest season from December through May. The most popular time to come visit is usually November.

Fact 8. The eastern, or “Mosquito coast” of Nicaragua receives the most rainfall in the country.

Fact 9. Almost all the tiny islands in the Atlantic off the coast of Granada, Nicaragua are for sale. Most prices range in the millions of dollars.

Fact 10. The higher elevations of the country have somewhat cooler weather than the tropical climates.

Related: Interesting facts about Costa Rica

Facts about Nicaragua’s History

Fact 11. The earliest people are assumed to have been related to Mexico’s Aztec and Mayan people of Mexico. The Nicarao was one of the largest groups of early natives.

Fact 12. When the colonial Spanish came to the country under de Cordoba in the 1500s, they named it after these Nicarao Indians plus all the vast amounts of water the country had (agua is the Spanish word for water).

Fact 13. The Ruins of Leon Viejo in Nicaragua is the oldest city in all of Central America. It is over 1500 years old and is still occupied today. It was founded by the early Spanish settlers.

Fact 14. Britain came to the Caribbean coast from Jamaica and some other islands in the early 1800s and settled on the eastern coast but gradually ceded control back to Nicaragua during the following decades.

Fact 15. After the successful Mexican Revolution from Spain on September 15, 1821, Nicaragua then won its independence from Spain as well. September 15 is their national Independence Day holiday in Nicaragua.

Fact 16. Did you know Nicaragua had an American president? In 1856 William Walker from Tennessee seized control and declared himself to be Nicaragua’s President. He wanted to turn it into a slave state for the United States. The following year the Nicaraguan people kicked him out, aided by Cornelius Vanderbilt.

Fact 17. When the U. S. Marines occupied the country in the 1920s and 30s, August Cesar Sandino led their Nicaraguan resistance. Today he is one of their national heroes and the Sandinista political party is named for him.

Fact 18. Violent opposition to government corruption lead to civil war in the late 1970s and the Sandinista guerrillas rose to power. Their support of rebels in El Salvador lead the U. S. to sponsor contra guerillas against the Sandinista through much of the 1980s.

Fact 19. Nicaragua elected–Violeta Chamorro–the first democratic woman president of any democracy in the world in 1990. She was the first female president of any Central American country and served until 1997.

Fact 20. Former Sandinista President Daniel Ortega lost three consecutive elections before finally being elected President in 2006 and reelected four years later. He is Nicaragua’s current President.

 Related: 40 Interesting facts about Uruguay

Nicaragua’s Economy

Fact 21. Almost three quarters of the Nicaraguan people live on only $2 per day and nearly half live in poverty.

Fact 22. You will pay an entry tax of $10 payable in US dollars or Córdobas (cash only). Be prepared to pay a 15 percent sales tax on all your purchases when you shop.

Fact 23. The country has the lowest crime rate of any Central American country and is considered to be its safest country in which to travel.

Fact 24. The Nicaraguan economy is based mostly on agriculture, tourism, mining and manufacturing.

Fact 25. You can get 27 Nicaraguan Cordobas, their national currency, for one American dollar.

5 COMMENTS

  1. Whoever wrote this, please have a little decency to actually NAME the first female President in the WORLD amongst the sea of men that you specifically call out by name. Seriously, a shout out to Cornelius Vanderbilt who “assisted” in getting William Walker out? but you can’t even put a name to the woman who made history by being the first democratically elected female President. Disgusting. Please fix it.

  2. I enjoyed reading about these facts, but there are a couple of omissions/updates. For one, certainly there are more than three airport in Nicaragua. There are two international airports, one in the Tola, Rivas area that is brand-new called the Costa Esmeralda airport and of course the Managua airport, aka Augusto C. Sandino International airport. There are also airports in Ometepe Island, Bluefields, Corn Island, Siuna, Greytown, and probably a couple of others that are served by La Costeña airline on domestic routes.
    If you’re planning a visit to Nicaragua, let me know and I can come pick you up!

    Cheers, Mike @ El Portón Verde, Managua

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