45 Interesting Facts About Peru

Last updated on November 14th, 2017

#23. Another addition to the list of interesting facts about Peru is looking at the Nazca Lines from the sky. The Nazca line consists of geoglyphs that have the impression of gigantic humans, plant, and animals like creatures. These impressions are so great that they have been named to be among the greatest archeological mysteries in the world.

#24. Have you ever wanted to see so many birds in one place? Well, Peru is the place to be. With a world record for 650 birds seen at one place, this is a bird lover’s paradise.

#25. There is no need for a freezer and dryer as the ancient Peruvians already devised a way to do that, and it is still in use today. This method is used to freeze dry potatoes by leaving them to be frozen by frost at night then drying them in the sun during the day.

#26. Hiram Bingham discovered the ancient Incan city of Machu Picchu in 1911.

#27. The word jerky, which is lean meat, was originally the Quechua word Charqui.

#28. The highest growing tree that also has a copper-colored bark that is consistently peeling grows in Peru.

#29. Ever wondered why the climatic condition El Niño was named that way? Well, it was named this way because it hits Peru during Christmas and thus, they decided to name it after baby Jesus (El Niño Jesus).

#30. For thousands of year, ancient Peruvians used the coca plant which cocaine comes from for medicinal use and during religious occasions.

#31. Another interesting fact is that Peruvians love bullfighting. It is said that is was introduced by Spaniards in 1538.

#32. Another fact related to bullfighting in Peru is that the bull-fighting ring that stands in Lima was built in 1768 thus being the third oldest ring globally.

Map of Peru

Peru on World Map
Peru on the map with neighboring countries. 

#33. The ancient Peruvian Empire of Inca was ones the largest empire in the Americas.

#34. The world’s tallest flowering plant–Eucalyptus–is found in Peru.

#35. If bird droppings are an issue to you, you would have survived Peru. There was a period in the 1800s when these droppings were among Peru’s greatest exports to Europe to be used as fertilizer.

#36. Peru has some of the driest deserts in the world. For instance, the Atacama Desert which it shares with Chile has some points that have never seen rainfall in 400 years.

#37. The Peruvians had invented nearly all weaving techniques used today by 2,500 B.C.

#38. There is plenty of asparagus in Peru, so much that it was the world’s leading exporter in 2012.

#39. You will be surprised to learn that some Peruvian tribes used wines know as yagé administered by a shaman to promote healing and knowledge. The wine has hallucinogenic properties.

#40. Another addition to the interesting facts about Peru culture is trial marriage. This type of marriage exists in the Quechua tribe whereby men and women are allowed to marry freely and end their marriages whenever they like.

#41. A person is given one poncho (an outer garment designed to keep the body warm) to last a lifetime. This may be because one poncho takes up to 600 hours to complete.

#42. Marriage in Peru is not a joke. The couple must enter a period where they serve each other. The woman works with the mother-in-law and the man with the father-in-law.

#43. One of the many interesting facts about Peru for kids is that it contains the largest portion of the Amazon Desert.

#44. If you think that shamanism (a shaman is a healer who moves into an altered state of consciousness to access a hidden reality in the spirit world for purposes of bringing back healing, power, and information) is an old thing, then think twice. It is still used in Peru to date. This may be because most of the population cannot afford modern doctors, and it is not a bad thing as the country’s former President, Fernando Belaúnde Terry, employed a shaman to treat them.

#45. For the Peruvian tribe of Inca, the sign that two people are married was not an exchange of rings but of sandals.

Peru – country at a glance

Independence28 July 1821 (from Spain)
Capital CityLima
(12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W)
Largest CityLima
(12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W)
Total area1,285,216 sq km
Population30,741,062 (July 2016 est.)
DemonymPeruvian
Official LanguageSpanish, Quechua, Aymara
BordersBolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador.
CurrencyNuevo sol (PEN)
ReligionCatholic, Protestants
Life expectancy73.7 years (2016)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Climatevaries from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes
Terrainwestern coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)
Natural resourcescopper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas
Agricultural land18.8%
National anthem"Himno Nacional del Peru" (National Anthem of Peru)
Government typepresidential republic
PresidentPedro Pablo Kuczynski
Prime MinisterFernando Zavala
Birth rate18 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Sex ratio0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Literacy94.5%
Suffrage18 years of age; universal and compulsory until the age of 70
National symbolvicuna (a camelid related to the llama)
National colorsred, white
Industriesmining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, glass, textiles, clothing, food processing, beer, soft drinks, rubber, machinery, electrical machinery, chemicals, furniture
Exports$36.84 billion (2016 est.)
copper, gold, lead, zinc, tin, iron ore, molybdenum, silver; crude petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas; coffee, asparagus and other vegetables, fruit, apparel and textiles, fishmeal, fish, chemicals, fabricated metal products and machinery, alloys

Imports$35.11 billion (2016 est.)
petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, plastics, machinery, vehicles, TV sets, power shovels, front-end loaders, telephones and telecommunication equipment, iron and steel, wheat, corn, soybean products, paper, cotton, vaccines and medicines
GDP - per capita (PPP)$13,000 (2016 est.)
Time ZonePET (UTC−5)
Internet country code.pe
Calling Code+51
Drives on theRight
Data sourcesCIA, Wikipedia
Table last updatedAugust 25, 2017