29 Important Facts About Albania

Last updated on April 13th, 2019

23. Sex-selective abortion is also very common in Albania. In fact, the country is one of just two in the world to practice such a thing.

24. Tirana, the capital of Albania, is devoid of McDonalds restaurants, unlike many other European capital cities.

25. In Albania, people like to walk in the evening. Some of the roads in some towns are even closed for the local population to take strolls (safely).

26. There is a castle in the city of Berat, locally known as the kala, which was built in the 13th century.

27. An international airport in Albania—Nene Tereza—is named after Mother Teresa.

28. To say yes in Albanian, use the word ‘po’; and to say no, use the word ‘jo.’

29. The capital city of Albania, Tirana, is undergoing a facelift.

Albania – country at a glance

Independence28 November 1912 (from the Ottoman Empire)
Table last updatedJuly 26, 2019
Capital CityTirana
(41°20′N 19°48′E)
Largest CityTirana
(41°20′N 19°48′E)
Areatotal: 28,748 sq km
land: 27,398 sq km
water: 1,350 sq km
Population3,057,220 (July 2018 est.)
Official LanguageAlbanian
BordersMontenegro, Serbia (Kosovo), the Republic of Macedonia and Greece.
CurrencyLek (ALL)
ReligionIslam and Christianity
DemonymAlbanian
Mean elevation708 m
Life expectancy at birth78.6 years (2018)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Literacy97.6%
National anthem"Hymni i Flamurit" (Hymn to the Flag)
Government typeparliamentary republic
PresidentIlir Meta
Prime MinisterEdi Rama
National symboldouble-headed eagle
National colorsred, black
National holidayIndependence Day, 28 November (1912) also known as Flag Day
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower, arable land
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Climatemild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
Terrainmostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast
Mean elevation708 m
Lowest pointAdriatic Sea 0 m
Highest pointMaja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,764 m
Agricultural land43.8%
Birth rate13.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate6.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Industriesfood; footwear, apparel and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower
Exports$900.7 million (2017 est.)
apparel and clothing, footwear; asphalt, metals and metallic ores, crude oil; cement and construction materials, vegetables, fruits, tobacco
Imports$4.103 billion (2017 est.)
machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, chemicals
GDP - per capita (PPP)$12,500 (2017 est.)
Internet country code.al
Calling Code+355
Time ZoneCET (UTC+1)
Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theRight