Last updated on March 7th, 2022
About Azerbaijan’s: culture, tradition, and heritage
45. Music is life: Music is an integral part of the lives of the local people. Mugham is one such folk musical composition from Azerbaijan.
46. Famous carpets: Azerbaijan is also famous for its age old carpets that are in great demand throughout the world. Mostly women are involved in weaving these carpets that represent the country’s artistic sensibilities and ability to bring together various symbols and shapes with natural colors.
47. Art and artifacts: Azerbaijanis make rich art decorative pieces from wood, silk, metal, and ceramic. These art pieces adorn the museums all over the world.
48. Museum for carpets: The country also has a carpet museum in Baku. The museum which opened in 2014 has an appearance like that of a giant rolled-up rug.
49. They have a crochet contest – Seven Beauties tournament. The winner of the contest is the one who knits the best pair in the given time.
50. Architecture in Baku: Baku is a city of skyscrapers and appeals to international audiences.
51. The national language: Azerbaijani, the national language of Azerbaijan, is spoken by the 20 million Azerbaijanis living in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
52. A man-made waterway flows through Baku between shops, restaurants and other places of entertainment.
53. After Azeri, Russian is the second most spoken language in Azerbaijan. English is not widely spoken.
54. Pollution is a problem: Azerbaijan is among the top 50 countries in the world with the highest level of carbon dioxide emissions. China tops the list with the United States at the second position.
55. World’s biggest KFC: Baku, Azerbaijan is home to the world’s largest KFC. KFC has more than 18,875 franchises in 118 countries. The fast food chain was founded in 1930.
56. Oil is economy: Oil reserves in Azerbaijan are expected to be worth trillions of dollars.
57. A 1,100-mile oil pipeline from Baku (Azerbaijan’s capital) to Ceyhan (southern Turkey) was built between 2002 and 2006.
Mud volcanoes in Azerbaijan [World Famous]
58. Azerbaijan is home to the largest concentration of mud volcanoes. They have in fact four hundred of these of a thousand mud volcanoes that are known to exist in the world.
59. As opposed to usual volcanoes that spew lava, mud volcanoes can be very cold, just near freezing.
60. In 2001, Azerbaijan experienced eruption of a mud volcano which was almost 300 m tall (height of explosion) and spewed lots of mud surrounded by dense, black smoke; which was visible from 15 km away.
61. Azerbaijan is also home of the two largest mud volcanoes in the world – Boyuk Khanizadagh and Turaghai.
62. Mud volcanoes are also known as “sedimentary volcanoes”. They can have a maximum diameter of around 10 kilometers and a maximum height of 700 meters.
63. One of a kind museum: The country also boasts the world’s only miniature book museum. The museum also has a miniature copy of the Holy Quran from the 17th century. It was opened in 2002 by Zarifa Salahova.
64. A house made of bottles: A house in Azerbaijan is made entirely out of thousands of glass bottles.
65. An ever-burning wall of fire: Azerbaijan has a 10 m long wall of fire that is expected to be burning since 1950. Azerbaijan has enormous gas reserves, which is supplementing the fire from within. The firewall is also a place of tourist attraction. These mysterious flames were first spotted by Marco Polo when he first visited the region in the 13th century.
66. A burning spring: Azerbaijan also has a burning spring (Yanar Bulag) in the city of Astara in southern Azerbaijan. The water originating from the spring has unique high Methane content which sets it to fire when ignited. Locals believe that the spring has some remedial properties as well.
Azerbaijan – the country at a glance
|Independence||30 August 1991 (declared from the Soviet Union); 18 October 1991 (adopted by the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan)|
|Area||total: 86,600 sq km
land: 82,629 sq km
water: 3,971 sq km
|Population||10,353,296 (2022 est.)|
|Suffrage||18 years of age; universal|
|Official Language||Azerbaijani or also referred as Azeri|
|Languages spoken||Russian and Azeri|
|Borders||Georgia, Russia, Iran, Armenia and Turkey|
|Government type||presidential republic|
|Vice President||Mehriban Aliyeva|
|National symbol||flames of fire|
|National colors||blue, red, green|
|Currency||Manat (₼) (AZN)|
|Life expectancy at birth||74.15 Years (est. 2022)|
|National Anthem||"Azerbaijan Marsi" (March of Azerbaijan)|
|Terrain||large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland, much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) to the west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea|
|Mean elevation||384 m|
|Lowest point||Caspian Sea -28 m|
|Highest point||Bazarduzu Dagi 4,466 m|
|Climate||dry, semiarid steppe|
|Natural resources||petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite|
|Birth rate||13.59 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)|
|Death rate||6.92 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)|
|Sex ratio||0.98 male(s)/female (2022 est.)|
|Industries||petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles|
|Exports||$15.21 billion (2020 est.)
crude petroleum, natural gas, refined petroleum, tomatoes, gold (2019)
|Imports||$15.54 billion (2020 est.)
gold, cars, refined petroleum, wheat, packaged medical supplies (2019)
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$13,700 (2020 est.)|
|Internet country code||.az|
|Time Zone||AZT (UTC+04)|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Table last updated||July 26, 2022|