Last updated on March 17th, 2020
42. Families are closely knit in Bolivia. In rural regions, multiple generations live in a single house together. The family plays a significant role in social life and structure. Men are predominantly the breadwinners, while women look after the household work.
43. A husband’s first surname is added to his wife’s name after the marriage with the connector “de”. So if Jennifer Maria Lopez marries Manuel Sebastien Costa, she would be called Jennifer Maria de Costa.
44. Bolivians enjoy visiting one another. Both arranged and unannounced visits are common. Bolivians exchange gifts at several different occasions.
45. Bolivian families typically have one large and two small meals per day. Upon entering a room where people are eating, Bolivians often say Buen provecho (similar to Bon appétit).
46. The Bolivian diet constitutes of common staples including rice, potatoes, milk products, soups, and fruits. Hundreds of varieties of potatoes are prepared in Bolivia in different ways.
47. Chicken is the most common meat in Bolivia.
48. Some phrases that you may find useful when traveling to Bolivia –
Hello – Hola; Please – Por favor; Thank you – Gracias; Goodbye – Adiós; Yes – Si; No – No.
49. When a passenger boards a bus, it is customary to greet other passengers with “buen dia” or “buenas tardes”.
50. Bolivians eat coca to combat the effects of altitude. As a result of the habit, you can see a bulge in their cheeks.
51. With hundreds of radio stations, radio is important, especially in rural parts of the country.
Bolivia – country at a glance
|Independence||6 August 1825 (from Spain)|
|Capital City||Sucre and La Paz|
|Largest City||Santa Cruz de la Sierra|
|Total area||1,098,581 sq km|
land: 1,083,301 sq km
water: 15,280 sq km
|Population||11,758,869 (July 2021 est.)|
|Literacy rate||total population: 92.5%|
|Official Language||Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Guarani,|
and 33 other native languages (total 37 official languages)
|Borders||Argentina 942 km, Brazil 3403 km, Chile 942 km, Paraguay 753 km, Peru 1212 km|
|Suffrage||18 years of age, universal and compulsory|
|Life expectancy at birth||70.7 years (2021)|
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
|Holidays||New Year’s Day, |
Carnaval (Saturday before Ash Wednesday),
Día del Mar, or Sea Day (23 March, when Bolivians remember the war with Chile in which Bolivia lost ocean access),
Holy Week before Easter,
Father’s Day (19 Mar.), Labor Day (1 May), Mother’s Day (27 May),
Independence Day (6 Aug.),
All Saints’ Day (1 November, a day for the family to clean and
decorate ancestral graves and enjoy a picnic),
|Climate||varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid|
|Terrain||rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin|
|Mean elevation||1,192 m|
|Lowest point||Rio Paraguay 90 m|
|Highest point||Nevado Sajama 6,542 m|
|Natural resources||tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower|
|Government type||presidential republic|
|Vice President||David Choquehuanca|
|Birth rate||20.36 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)|
|Death rate||6.26 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)|
|Sex ratio||0.98 male(s)/female (2020 est.)|
|National anthem||"Cancion Patriotica" (Patriotic Song)|
|National symbol||llama, Andean condor|
|National colors||red, yellow, green|
|Industries||mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing, jewelry|
|Exports||$9.632 billion (2019 est.)|
natural gas, mineral ores, gold, soybeans and soy products, tin
|Imports||$10.142 billion (2019 est.)|
machinery, petroleum products, vehicles, iron and steel, plastics
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$8,724 (2019 est.)|
|Internet country code||.bo|
|Time Zone||BOT (UTC−4)|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Table last updated||September 7, 2021|