60 Interesting Facts About Croatia

Last updated on June 8th, 2022

37. The Walls of Ston, Croatia, is the longest fortress system anywhere in the world. The great walls protected the city from Ottomans for the last 500 years. The walls are 5 kilo-meter long and aptly surround Ston and its neighbor Mali Ston.

38. Croatia has only one Noble Prize winner so far. That too was born in Austria-Hungary at that time. Leopold Ruzicka won the Noble Prize in Chemistry in 1939.

39. Croatia also has a city continuously inhabited for the last 8000 years – Vinkovci, in eastern Croatia.

40. Croatia has the second highest rate of immigration in the world. Ireland is on the number one spot.

Related: Interesting facts about Slovenia

41. 47% of Croatia’s land and 39% of its sea is designated as specially protected areas and areas of conservation.

42. The 6th largest amphitheater in the world is in Pula, Croatia.

43. Croats are also accredited with inventing the necktie. They did it in the 17th century.

44. Croats like to play football the most. However, the countrymen also follow water polo, basketball and handball as well.

45. Kids pay attention here: Nikola Tesla, the famous inventor of alternating current was born in Serbia ( now Croatia.) Tesla’s birthplace was opened as a museum on July 10, 2006.

46. Some famous people from Croatia include: Luka Modric (Soccer player), Mario Andretti (Race Car Driver) and Jelena Rozga (pop Singer).

47. Adult Eagle owl found in Croatia can have a wing span of up to 2 meters. It is the largest European owl. There are around 1200 pairs of these living in Croatia.

48. Croatia became the 28th member state of the EU on 1 July 2013.

49. Kolinda Grabar-Kiratovic is Croatia’s first female president.

50. Dalmatian dog is a well known breed from Dalmatia. However, this name was given in the 19th century in USA. Previously it was known as the “Dubrovnik hunter”.

51. There is a Museum of Broken Relationships in Croatia. Heartbroken people donate the remainders of their loved ones in the museum. Nearly 1,000 people visit the museum every week.

Croatia facts for kids

52. By geographical area, Croatia is 127th largest country in the world.

53. Parachute was also invented in Croatia by Faust Vraneiae in 1617.

54. Azithromycin: A world best-selling Antibiotic, was also invented in Croatia by Pliva, a pharmaceutical company headquartered in Zagreb.

55. Croatian currency (Kuna notes) is named after the Marten and (Lipa, the hundredth part of the kuna) after a lime tree.

56. Croatia is called Hrvatska in Croatian. 

57. Primary and secondary education is free in Croatia.

58. You can have a majestic look of Dubrovnik city from a loft 405 m while riding on a cable car which takes you from just north of the city walls to Mt Srđ in under four minutes.

59. Croatia has 1165 islands on the Adriatic Sea of which 66 are inhibited.

60. Croatia’s largest mountain, the Velebit, lies in Paklenica National Park.

Croatia – country at a glance

Independence25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
Capital CityZagreb
(45°48′N 16°0′E)
Largest CityZagreb
(45°48′N 16°0′E)
Areatotal: 56,594 sq km
land: 55,974 sq km
water: 620 sq km
Population4,188,853 (2022 est.)
Literacy99.3% (2015 est)
Official LanguageCroatian
BordersBosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Slovenia, Hungary and Montenegro.
CurrencyKuna (HRK)
Suffrage18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal
Life expectancy at birth77.22 Years (2022)
ClimateMediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
Terraingeographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Mean elevation331 m
Lowest pointAdriatic Sea 0 m
Highest pointDinara 1,831 m
Natural resourcesoil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
Agricultural land23.7%
Literacy rate99.3%
Birth rate8.65 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate12.88 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Sex ratio1.01 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
Government typeparliamentary republic
PresidentZoran Milanović
Prime MinisterAndrej Plenković
National anthem"Lijepa nasa domovino" (Our Beautiful Homeland)
National symbolred-white checkerboard
National colorsred, white, blue
Industrieschemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism
Exports$23.66 billion (2020 est.)
refined petroleum, packaged medicines, cars, medical cultures/vaccines, lumber (2019)
Imports$27.59 billion (2020 est.)
crude petroleum, cars, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, electricity (2019)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$26,500 (2020 est.)
Internet country code.hr
Time ZoneCET (UTC+1)
Summer (DST) - CEST (UTC+2)
Calling Code+385
Drives on theRight
Table last updatedAugust 6, 2022