Last updated on January 15th, 2019
31. Ecuador’s Cotopaxi is the highest active volcano in the world.
32. Chimborazo’s summit is the point on earth closest to the sun and the farthest from the core of the earth, due to the earth’s slide bulge there. This also means that Ecuador is the closest country on earth to outer space.
33. Ecuador sees very little change in the length of its days from winter to summer due to its location on the equator. Sunrise and sunset happen every day at around 6:00 am and pm, respectively.
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Interesting facts about Ecuador
34. The cinchona tree is Ecuador’s national tree. This tree produces Quinine, which was the first drug ever used to treat and prevent malaria.
35. The famous Panama Hat is actually made in Ecuador. Craftsmen on the coast wove straw hats that were taken to Panama to be sold to protect canal workers from the sun. After the canal was complete, they were sold to the affluent Westerners who traveled through the Canal.
36. Ecuador was the first nation to ever declare that nature has constitutional rights. In 2008 Ecuador recognized that nature has the “right to exist, persist….and regenerate its vital cycles’, and therefore has constitutional rights. Nature should not be treated as property.
37. Ecuador has one of the greatest densities of volcanoes on earth. Ecuador was the first country in the history of the world to eliminate the death penalty. They waived it in 1906.
38. Ecuador maintains a scientific research station in Antarctica. The Antarctica Treaty designated this continent be set aside for research and not for ownership, and Ecuador in a part of that treaty.
39. Forty percent of the adults in Ecuador don’t have access to a bank account.
40. There are more mobile phones than people in Ecuador. The government sees this as an opportunity to test the use of digital currency.
41. Ecuador has a military base in Peru on one perpetually leased square kilometer of their territory.
42. In Quito water boils at 90°C instead of 100°C. This is a direct effect of altitudes.
43. Members of fifteen percent of the bird species in the world can be found in Ecuador. That means that more than 1600 different bird species live in the country.
44. There are more than 25,000 plant species growing in Ecuador and a minimum of 317 documented mammal species native to the country.
Also read: Interesting facts about Paraguay
With beautiful scenery, tremendous biodiversity, and native cultures with their original languages, customs, and handcrafts, Ecuador is a fascinating place to visit.
Ecuador – country at a glance
|Independence||24 May 1822 (from Spain)
|Table last updated||July 5, 2019|
|Area||total: 283,561 sq km
land: 276,841 sq km
water: 6,720 sq km
|Population||16,498,502 (July 2018 est.)|
|Suffrage||18-65 years of age, universal and compulsory; 16-18, over 65, and other eligible voters, voluntary|
|Borders||Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.|
|Currency||United States dollar (USD)|
|Religion||Roman Catholic 74%, Evangelical 10.4%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, other 6.4%|
|Life expectancy at birth||77.1 years (2018)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
|Climate||tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
|Terrain||coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)|
|Mean elevation||1,117 m|
|Lowest point||Pacific Ocean 0 m|
|Highest point||Chimborazo 6,267|
|Natural resources||petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
|Government type||presidential republic|
|Vice President||Otto Sonnenholzner|
|Birth rate||17.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)|
|Death rate||5.1 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)|
|Sex ratio||0.99 male(s)/female (2018 est.)|
|National symbol||Andean condor
|National colors||yellow, blue, red|
|National anthem||"Salve, Oh Patria!" (We Salute You, Our Homeland)|
|Industries||petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals
|Exports||$19.62 billion (2017 est.)
petroleum, bananas, cut flowers, shrimp, cacao, coffee, wood, fish
|Imports||$19.31 billion (2017 est.)
industrial materials, fuels and lubricants, non durable consumer goods
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$11,500 (2017 est.)|
|Time Zone||ECT / GALT (UTC−5 / −6)|
|Internet country code||.ec|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Data sources||CIA, Wikipedia|