Last updated on March 18th, 2020
Tourism in El Salvador
29. It gets half as many visitors annually as Costa Rica.
30. The country is also becoming a hub for eco-tourism.
31. The country is one of the most popular surfing destinations in the world. Many surfing competitions are hosted there every year.
32. National Park Cerro Verde in El Salvador is the home to 500 different species of birds and a rare species of black hawk-eagle. In the 505-hectare area of the national park, you can explore three volcanoes.
33. There are a total of five national parks in the country. Their names are Montecristo, El Boqueron, Conchagua, El Impossible and Cerro Verde.
34. The majority of El Salvador’s poor population lives in the countryside. These people face challenges related to the availability of running water and electricity in their homes. However, the wealthy people of the country live in apartments and houses.
35. Rural people are prone to malnutrition, which is also a leading cause of death among the poor in the country.
36. Sadly, the country has the lowest birth rate and the highest death rate in all of Central America.
Economy of El Salvador
37. The country’s minimum wage is US $100-250 a month.
38. The white colored stripes on the country’s flag symbolize peace, and the Blue stripes symbolize unity. The country officially adopted its flag in 1910.
Flag of El Salvador
39. The United States houses approximately three million Salvadorans. These people live in the U.S. for work and send money back home to support their families.
40. Coffee exports accounted for 90% of the country’s earnings by the early 20th century. However, the country has diversified its income sources by establishing a manufacturing sector in its territory, and building trade and financial links with other countries.
42. The parents of Tennis Hall of Famer Rosie Casals emigrated from El Salvador to the United States.
43. American supermodel Christy Turlington also has roots in El Salvador.
44. Pope John Paul II also visited the country many a time prior to his illness.
45. The civil war in the country took place from 1980 to 1992. During the period, almost 75,000 lives were lost. Economic inequality was the reason for the war.
Facts that make El Salvador stand out among other Central American countries
46. San Salvador, the capital of El Salvador, has the biggest shopping center in all of Central America. It is also famous for its many museums and cultural sites.
47. The country also houses the largest airport in all of Central America.
48. Salvadoran countrymen were involved in an infamous “100 Hour War” with neighboring Honduras in 1969, after a soccer game.
49. It is estimated that Qatar’s 2022 World Cup will take more lives than 9/11 due to horrible working conditions for migrant workers building stadiums and infrastructure.
50. El Salvador is also known as “the land of Volcanoes.” It has more than 20 volcanoes, and the Chaparrastique is considered to be the most active volcano in the region. It has erupted 26 times in the last 500 years.
51. The only UNESCO World Heritage Site in El Salvador is Joya de Cerén. The remains of a prehispanic farming village that was covered by a volcanic eruption in the seventh century AD can be found on the site. It is also called the “Pompeii of the Americas.”
52. The film Salvador was also released on the subject of the 12-year civil war. Interestingly, the movie was also nominated for Oscars.
Interesting facts about El Salvador’s culture
53. The people of El Salvador are friendly, warm and hospitable.
54. It is a tradition in El Salvador for women to often pat each other on the right forearm or shoulder instead of shaking hands.
55. This is how they greet each other depending on the time of the day: “buenos dias”(good morning), “buenas tardes” (good afternoon) or “buenas noches” (good evening).
56. The use of first names is usually reserved for family and friends.
57. The 15th birthday of a young girl is widely celebrated and is an important event in her — and her family’s — life.
58. El Salvador’s most notable dish is the “Pupusa,” a thick handmade corn flour or rice flour tortilla.
59. Tortillas, rice, and beans are the main foods in El Salvador.
60. Salvadorans like to receive perfumes as gifts.
61. Food is always eaten with utensils. Yeah, they use forks for eating fruits, too!
62. Salvadorans have a strong sense of personal pride, honor, and dignity.
Learn more about trade and craft in El Salvador with this link.
El Salvador – country at a glance
|Independence||15 September 1821 (from Spain)|
|Capital City||San Salvador|
|Largest City||San Salvador|
|Total area||21,041 sq km|
|Population||6,481,102 (July 2020 est.)|
|Suffrage||18 years of age; universal|
|Literacy||total population: 88.5%|
|Life expectancy at birth|| 74.8 years (2018)|
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
|Government type||presidential republic|
|President||Nayib Armando Bukele Ortez|
|National anthem||"Himno Nacional de El Salvador" (National Anthem of El Salvador)|
|National symbol||turquoise-browed motmot (bird)|
|National colors||blue, white|
|Borders||Guatemala and Honduras|
|Currency||USD (US Dollar)|
|Religion||Christianity and others|
|Climate||tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands|
|Terrain||mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau|
|Mean elevation||442 m|
|Lowest point||Pacific Ocean 0 m|
|Highest point||Cerro El Pital 2,730 m|
|Natural resources||hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land|
|Birth rate||18.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)|
|Death rate||5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)|
|Sex ratio||0.923 male(s)/female (2020 est.)|
|Industries||food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals|
|Exports||$4.662 billion (2017 est.)|
offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, textiles and apparel, gold, ethanol, chemicals, electricity, iron and steel manufactures
|Imports||$9.499 billion (2017 est.)|
raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, petroleum, electricity
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$8,000 (2017 est.)|
|Internet country code||.sv|
|Time Zone||CST (UTC−6)|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Table last updated||March 25, 2020|