59 Interesting Facts About Ethiopia

Last updated on March 26th, 2022

31. Do not be surprised to learn the fact that the Ethiopian Captain Aster Tolossa is allegedly the first female pilot to shoot down an enemy airplane.

32. Ethiopia is also known as the “Horn of Africa.”

33. In earlier times, Ethiopia was known as Abyssinia.

34. The instance of first Hijra in Islam happened in Ethiopia when the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) sent approximately 80 people, including his daughter, to Ethiopia. Today, almost 35% of the population of Ethiopia is Muslim.

35.  Candace – Candace is the name given to the old rulers who administered Ethiopia. It is sometimes spelled “Kandake” or “Kentake.”

36. Ethiopia’s Axumite and Dahamat civilizations are amongst the world’s most ancient.

37. Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, is also the world’s fourth-highest capital city.

Tukul, Ethiopia
A big hut (Tukul) with a straw cover near goba in Ethiopia. Photo © Danilo Mongiello

38. Tukul – The traditional homes were hovels called tukuls. The floor is soil, while the dividers are sticks and mud and the roof is produced using Tef, a long grass.

39. The eating of any animal products on Wednesdays and Fridays is prohibited in Ethiopia.

40. The largest lake in Ethiopia–Lake Tana–is also the source of the Blue Nile River.

41. Markets – Packed with stands offering everything from extraordinary leafy foods and beans to electronic products and traditional specialties, the Addis Ababa Mercato is Africa’s biggest outdoor market. Situated in the heart of Ethiopia’s capital city, this is the primary destination for privately made products and harvested foods.

42. Rastafari Roots – Haile Selassie I, Ethiopia’s previous Emperor, is at the core of the Rastafari movement and lifestyle. He is perceived as God incarnate, or being both heavenly and human by adherents of the Rasta culture.

43. Dance – Inspired by the “moving” of snakes, traditional Ethiopian dance is particularly special.

44. Coffee – Ethiopia is the originator of espresso!

45. Civilization – Not only is Ethiopia the originator of espresso; it is the originator of mankind, too! Home to fossils going back a number of years, Ethiopia is viewed as the birthplace of progress. It is Africa’s most established state and home to humankind’s oldest skeletons!

46. The Watch and The Calendar – Ethiopia checks its time on the inverse rotation of its clock. 6 pm would be 12 and 12 would be 6 am. The Ethiopian datebook has 13 months. The schedule is eight years behind the Western timetable. The months are typically 30 days in length, yet the most recent month has 5 or 6 days. September eleventh is recognized as the first day of the New Year.

47. Coffee’s Birthplace – Ethiopia is the nation where espresso was initially found. Henceforth, it is viewed as espresso’s country. It was initially seen by a shepherd named Kaldi, whose goats started pacing fretfully in the wake of eating the plant. The word espresso itself is considered acquired from the southern Ethiopian grounds of Kaffa.

48. Christianity and Ethiopia – There are some intriguing truths about Ethiopia identified with the religion Christian, here they are:

49. Ethiopia and its kin: Ethiopians have been specified in the Bible. The quantity of times changes from 40 to 60 as indicated by various sources.

50. There are a considerable number of temples here, giving Ethiopia a conspicuous place in the world and in Christian history.

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Did you know?

51. Ethiopia additionally claims that the last resting place of the Ark of the Covenant is at a house of prayer in the sacred city of Aksum, which was previously the capital of Ethiopia.

Islam in Ethiopia – There are some intriguing facts about Ethiopia and its identification with the religion Islam, here they are:

52. Ethiopia has been specified in the Koran. It is additionally worth noting that it was mentioned in the Iliad and Odyssey.

53. Ethiopia likewise happens to be the principal nation where Muslim requests to God were held outside Arabia.

54. Al Nejashi is the principal mosque established outside the Arabian peninsula.

55. Ethiopia was the nation in which Mohammed (the prophet of Islam, P.B.U.H) and his supporters discovered comfort when they were mistreated.

56. League of Nations – Ethiopia is one of the nations that has not been defeated in an attack. Italy was vanquished twice in its attempts to do so. The nation was the first to join the League of Nations, which soon ended up being detrimental. The countries fitting in with this class would be given backing known as “aggregate backing.” At the point when mass murders and ethnic purging happened in Ethiopia, the others simply didn’t help out.

57. African Union – Emperor Haile Sellasie asserted that the people of Africa ought to join together and form a singular race. This prompted the introduction of Pan Africanism. This idea emerged to become what is known as the African Union today.

58. Hot Spots – Addis Ababa is the highest city in Africa. Visitors are often surprised to learn that the city is much cooler in temperature than other African cities.

59. Ethiopia is also sometimes referred to as “the roof of Africa” as more than 70% of Africa’s mountains are found in Ethiopia.

Ethiopia – the country at a glance

Independenceoldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years (may be traced to the Aksumite Kingdom, which coalesced in the first century B.C.)
Capital CityAddis Ababa
(9°1′N 38°45′E)
Largest CityAddis Ababa
(9°1′N 38°45′E)
Areatotal: 1,104,300 sq km
land: 1,096,570 sq km
water: 7,730 sq km
Population113,656,596 (2022 est.)
Official LanguageAmharic
BordersThe Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti, Kenya and Eritrea.
CurrencyBirr (ETB)
ReligionChristianity, Islam, Judaism and Paganism.
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Life expectancy at birth68.25 Years (2022)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Climatetropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Terrainhigh plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley
Mean elevation1,330 m
Lowest pointDanakil Depression -125 m
Highest pointRas Dejen 4,550 m
Natural resourcessmall reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower
Agricultural land36.3%
Government typefederal parliamentary republic
PresidentSahle-Work Zewde
Prime MinisterAbiy Ahmed Ali
National anthem"Whedefit Gesgeshi Woud Enat Ethiopia" (March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia)
National holidayDerg Downfall Day (defeat of MENGISTU regime), 28 May (1991)
National symbolsAbyssinian lion (traditional), yellow pentagram with five rays of light on a blue field (promoted by current government)
National colorsgreen, yellow, red
Industriesfood processing, beverages, textiles, leather, garments, chemicals, metals processing, cement
Exports$7.62 billion
coffee, sesame seeds, gold, cut flowers, zinc (2019)
Imports$19.93 billion
aircraft, gas turbines, packaged medicines, electric filament, cars (2019)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$2,300 (2020 est.)
Birth rate30.49 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate5.7 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Sex ratio0.99 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
Internet country code.et
Time ZoneEAT (UTC+3)
Calling Code+251
Drives on theRight
Table last updatedJuly 25, 2022