Last updated on March 8th, 2020
Guam, officially the Republic of Guam, is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. It has an area of 544 square km. Hagåtña is its capital and Dededo is its largest city. English is its official language and the United States dollar is its official currency. It has no land bordering countries/regions.
1. Guam is located in the northwestern Pacific Ocean and was formerly known as the Territory of Guam.
2. The island was first visited by the Portuguese (learn some interesting facts about Portugal) explorer Ferdinand Magellan on March 6, 1521, while sailing for the King of Spain.
3. Guamanians get American citizenship by birth under Title 8 of the U.S. Code. However, the downside is that in the United States, the people of Guam are not given the full range of opportunities that many native-born Americans are given.
4. There is a beach in Guam known as ‘The Gun Beach.’ The beach also houses Guam’s largest beach bar.
5. Would you believe the fact that Guam does not have sand? Yes, this is true! What you see on the beaches is coral, not sand. Paved roads in Guam are also made by mixing coral and cement together.
6. As per a study, the coral cover on Guam declined from 19 percent to 10 percent from 2003 to 2011. The coral reefs are estimated to be responsible for providing more than $20 million to Guam’s economy.
7. Did you know that a Japanese soldier hid in Guam’s jungle for nearly three decades? The soldier was waiting for the war to end; however, he spent the time unaware that the war had already ended. The soldier was discovered in 1972, and soon he went back to his home country, eventually getting married. Surprisingly, this soldier visited Guam several times, even after marriage.
8. The economy of the country is supported by tourism and the United States Armed Forces.
9. The descendants of Austronesian people are the original inhabitants of Guam.
10. The U.S. House of Representatives has a member from Guam; however, that person is a non-voting delegate.
Flag of Guam
11. Guam is also known as the “Island of Warriors.”
12. Guamanians have to fly 4000 miles to Hawaii to receive PTSD treatment (post traumatic stress disorder).
13. Guam is located roughly 7,000 miles from the U.S. mainland.
14. Guam was also bombed after the attack (just over four hours) on Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941). The lives of 7,000 Americans and 17,500 Japanese were lost during the battle.
15. Japan renamed the island “Omiya Jima” meaning “Great Shrine Island” during their siege between 1941 and 1944.
16. The capital city (Hagåtña, formely Agana) of the country is believed to be one of the oldest ‘European’ cities in the Pacific.
17. Also known as ‘ifit,’ the official tree of Guam is ‘ifil.’
18. Did you know that there were thousands of brown tree snakes on the island per every person during World War II?
19. The country is a strategic Army base for the U.S. in the Pacific.
20. The Guam Pacific War Museum, established by the late Marine Corps Vietnam War veteran John Gerber in 2011, is a great place to see artifacts like weapons, helmets and personal belongings of the soldiers of the Allied forces and Japan.
21. Guam is also one of the five U.S. territories that have an established civilian government.
22. About 99% of the foreign workers on the island come from the Philippines.
23. In 1957, a UFO was spotted in the skies of Guam by 1st Lt. Ted Brunson from his aircraft. The Lt. tried to follow the UFO, but to no avail. The speed of his aircraft could simply not match that of the UFO, the colonel said.
Guam facts for kids
24. The country is the largest island in Micronesia.
25. Guam was a Spanish colony for 300 years.
26. Tumon Bay is the most-visited area of the island.
27. ABC is the name of a famous beach club in Guam (Alupang Beach Club).
28. Guam observes only two national holidays.
29. The island nation is roughly the shape of a footprint. It is approximately 30 miles long, and its width varies between 4 and 12 miles at various points.
Guam on the map
30. Ray Robson, one of the youngest players in history to become a Chess Grandmaster, was a Guamanian. Born on October 25, 1994, he defeated a National Master in tournament play at the tender age of nine.
Guam – the country at a glance
|Capital City||Hagåtña (formely Agana)|
13.4763° N, 144.7502° E
(13.5453° N, 144.8511° E)
|Total area||544 sq km|
|Land area||544 sq km|
three times the size of Washington, DC
|Population||168,485 (July 2020 est.)|
|Official Language||English & Chamorro|
|Borders||Island nation (No land borders)|
|Currency||United States dollar (USD)|
|Life expectancy at birth||77 years (2020)|
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
|Terrain||volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south|
|Lowest point||Pacific Ocean 0 m|
|Highest point||Mount Lamlam 406 m|
|Natural resources||aquatic wildlife (supporting tourism), fishing (largely undeveloped)|
|Birth rate||18.9 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)|
|Death rate||6 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)|
|Sex ratio||1.06 male(s)/female (2020 est.)|
|Government type||presidential democracy; a self-governing unincorporated territory of the US|
|President||Donald Trump (R)|
|Governor||Lou Leon Guerrero (D)|
|Suffrage||18 years of age; universal; note - Guamanians are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections|
|National symbols||coconut tree|
|National holiday||Discovery Day (or Magellan Day), first Monday in March (1521)|
|National anthem||"Fanohge Chamoru" (Stand Ye Guamanians)|
|National colors||deep blue, red|
|Industries||national defense, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles|
|Exports||$1.124 billion (2016 est.)|
transshipments of refined petroleum products, construction materials, fish, foodstuffs and beverages
|Imports||$2.964 billion (2016 est.)|
petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goods
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$35,600 (2016 est.)|
|Internet country code||.gu|
|Time Zone||Chamorro Standard Time (UTC+10)|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Table last updated||March 30, 2020|