5 Honduras Facts: Interesting Facts About Honduras

Last updated on April 29th, 2019

5. The Beautiful Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve

Honduras has one of the most complex and intricate biospheres in the world. The tropical forests contain some of the rarest plants, animals and birds in the world. The Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve in particular is a UNESCO heritage site and a must-visit even if you don’t like animals, plants, and birds! The site is also home to more than 2000 indigenous tribes that still follow their traditional lifestyle in the biosphere.

Related: Interesting facts about El Salvador

Flag of Honduras

Flag of Honduras
Flag of Honduras. Image source – CIA

Local Legends

For travelers interested in oral lore, Honduran folklore has some of the most interesting legends and stories. Myths about the Las Ciguapas or savage women with supernatural powers, El Sílbon or an omen of death, Los Duendes or infant ghosts who have a naughty intention, and La Llorona, a ghost who drowns children; are all popular oral culture that make for an interesting hearing.

Every country is unique and these are just a few interesting facts we’ve managed to find about Honduras. If you have something else you’d like to share, do write in to us and we will be happy to discuss them here.

Honduras on the map


Related: Interesting facts about Guatemala

Honduras – the country at a glance

Independence 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
Table last updatedJuly 26, 2019
Capital CityTegucigalpa
(14°6′N 87°13′W)
Largest CityTegucigalpa
(14°6′N 87°13′W)
Areatotal: 112,090 sq km
land: 111,890 sq km
water: 200 sq km
Population9,182,766 (July 2018 est.)
Official LanguageSpanish
BordersGuatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea
DemonymHonduran and Catracho
CurrencyLempira (HNL)
Literacy rate89%
ReligionRoman Catholic
Suffrage18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Life expectancy at birth71.3 years (2018)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Climatesubtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains
Terrainmostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains
Mean elevation684 m
Lowest pointCaribbean Sea 0 m
Highest pointCerro Las Minas 2,870 m
Natural resourcestimber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower
Agricultural land28.8%
Government typepresidential republic
PresidentJuan Orlando Hernández
Vice PresidentRicardo Álvarez Arias
National anthem"Himno Nacional de Honduras" (National Anthem of Honduras)
National symbolsscarlet macaw, white-tailed deer
National colorsblue, white
Birth rate22 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio1.01 male(s)/female (20168est.)
Industriessugar, coffee, woven and knit apparel, wood products, cigars
Exports$8.675 billion (2017 est.)
coffee, apparel, coffee, shrimp, automobile wire harnesses, cigars, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber
Imports$11.32 billion (2017 est.)
communications equipment, machinery and transport, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs
GDP - per capita (PPP)$5,600 (2017 est.)
Internet country code.hn
Calling Code+504
Time ZoneCST (UTC−6)
Drives on theRight