Last updated on March 8th, 2020
Facts about Latvia’s economy
29. Latvia, on the Human Development Index, occupies the 46th spot.
30. The Euro became the currency of Latvia on January 1st, 2014, replacing the Latvian lats.
31. Latvia is a developed country. Latvia received $67 million worth of assistance by the U.S. in 2014 through various military programs.
32. There is a treaty between the U.S. and Latvia that avoids double taxation.
33. Latvians can travel to the U.S. for a period up to 90 days without requiring a visa. An individual can travel to the U.S. for tourism and business purposes.
34. As per Akamai Q4 2015 Global Average Connection Speeds Rankings, Latvia ranks seventh, followed by Switzerland and preceded by Hong Kong. As we are discussing the fastest internet in the world, note that South Korea leads the world in this context.
Interesting facts about Latvian culture
35. Latvians have a strong sense of space, and they generally like to stand a few feet away from the other person.
36. Making eye contact with Latvians can be a signal that you are interested in them. Latvians would reciprocate and make eye contact with you if they feel comfortable with you.
37. Latvians do not use gestures while communicating, or make minimal use of it. A lot of gesturing can be annoying or distracting for them. It can be considered rude to wave a pointed index finger or persistently point at someone.
38. Oak and lime trees symbolize men and women, respectively.
Facts about Latvia’s capital – Riga
39. Latvia’s capital, Riga, has more than 4,000 standing wooden buildings. Now this is interesting, as no other European city has so much wood left over from history.
40. Riga is also known for its architecture the world over. Even the United Nations has recognized that Riga has the finest collection of art nouveau buildings in Europe.
41. Latvia’s capital, Riga, was declared the European Culture capital in 2014.
Interesting facts about Latvia for kids
42. Kids, did you know that the Latvian flag is one of the oldest flags in the world? The existence of this flag dates back to the 13th century.
43. In area, Latvia is slightly larger than West Virginia.
44. Latvia has a total coastline of 498 km.
45. Gaizina Kalns, at 312 m, is the highest point in the country. Wondering which is the highest peak in the Baltic? It is “Suur Munamägi,” at 318 m, from Estonia. Now there is no other competitor for the highest point in the region!
46. Latvia was ranked the world’s 32nd most peaceful country in the Global Peace Index of 2016.
47. Latvia was a territory of Poland between 1562 and 1629; and a territory of Sweden until 1721.
48. Then came the Russians, who ruled the country until 1918. The last Russian troops left Latvia in 1994.
49. Did you know that Estonia and Lithuania supply electricity to Latvia on a large scale?
50. In 2016, Latvia imposed a ban on the sale of energy drinks (containing caffeine or other stimulants) to people under the age of 18.
51. Agriculture was a dominant industry in Latvia for centuries.
52. Latvians consume 2.72 times more electricity than the Vietnamese.
53. Latvia is also known as Lettland, named after the Letts or Lettish people.
54. The Latvian capital is the largest city in the Baltic States.
55. While Latvian is the official language of the country, Russian is also widely spoken.
56. The wild boar, Eurasian beaver, and brown bear are some of the native Latvian species of animals.
57. Ice hockey, followed by basketball, is the most popular sport in Latvia.
58. The shape of Latvia resembles that of the lungs (have a look at the map above.)
Latvia – country at a glance
|Independence||4 May 1990|
|Area||total: 64,589 sq km
land: 62,249 sq km
water: 2,340 sq km
|Population||1,842,226 (2022 est.)|
|National Anthem||Dievs, svētī Latviju!
God Bless Latvia!
Roman Catholicism (25.1%)
Eastern Orthodoxy and Old Believers (19.4%)
Other Christians (1.2%)
Other or none (20.0%)
|Suffrage||18 years of age; universal|
|Government type||parliamentary republic|
|Prime Minister||Krišjānis Kariņš|
|Borders||Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus and Russia.|
|Currency||Euro (€) (EUR)|
|Life expectancy at birth||75.91 Years (2022)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. Source - CIA
|Climate||maritime; wet, moderate winters
|Mean elevation||87 m|
|Lowest point||Baltic Sea 0 m|
|Highest point||Gaizina Kalns 312 m|
|Natural resources||peat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land
|Birth rate||8.73 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)|
|Death rate||14.65 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)|
|Sex ratio||0.86 male(s)/female (2022 est.)|
|National symbols||white wagtail (bird)|
|National anthem||"Dievs, sveti Latviju!" (God Bless Latvia)|
|National colors||maroon, white|
|Industries||processed foods, processed wood products, textiles, processed metals, pharmaceuticals, railroad cars, synthetic fibers, electronics
|Exports||$20.23 billion (2020 est.)
lumber, broadcasting equipment, whiskey and other hard liquors, wheat, packaged medicines (2019)
|Imports||$19.84 billion (2020 est.)
refined petroleum, broadcasting equipment, cars, packaged medicines, aircraft (2019)
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$29,900 (2020 est.)|
|Time Zone||EET (UTC+2)
Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
|Internet country code||.lv|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Table last updated||August 10, 2022|