38 Interesting Facts About Monaco 

Last updated on October 19th, 2022

21. Monaco was never a part of France despite its long history and geographical intimacy with France.

22. If you were a resident of Monaco, but not born there, you would be called Monacoian. And those that are born and bred in the principality are referred to as the Monégasque.

23. The second child of the Prince of Monaco and an American model (married in 1956) is the present ruler of the principality.

24. To the eastern side of the country lies Italy at a distance of 8 kilometers.

Monaco on the map

25. The economy of this tiny nation is supported by the revenue generated from radio, television, and the casino and state monopolies on stamps and tobacco. Banking and financial activities also support the nation’s economy.

Dome Type Outdoor CCTV Camera on Street Lamp in Monte-carlo, Monaco.
Dome Type Outdoor CCTV Camera on Street Lamp in Monte-Carlo, Monaco.

26. There are a large number of security cameras throughout the principality to discourage criminal activity.

27. With some land reclamation from the Mediterranean Sea, the size of the principality has grown by at least 20%.

28. Education is compulsory for kids between the ages of 6 and 16.

29. The death rate is more than the birth rate in the principality (2022 est.)

30. In 1993, Monaco became a member of the United Nations.

31. The country sees more than 1.5 million visitors each year.

32. Remember: Monaco is a city state. It does not have a separate capital. This is mainly due to its small size.

33. Brewery, chocolate factory and flour mill are the first industries that developed in Monaco at the beginning of the twentieth century.

34. Note that Monaco’s flag is similar to that of Indonesia with the only difference in the size of the flag. Indonesian flag is a bit wider than that of the Monaco’s.

35. Did you know that Monaco almost has a zero unemployment rate? The country is also void of any poor people.

36. Monaco has the highest life expectancy (89.5 years) in the world. The country with lowest life expectancy is Chad (50.2 years).

37. Natives of Monaco are called Monegasque. It is interesting fact to note that despite its small size, the country is home to a majority of foreign population. The natives of the land are in minority here. The largest population in Monaco is of the French, followed by Italian and Britishers.

38. AS Monaco FC, Monaco national football team, Monaco national rugby union team – are the sports team from the world’s second smallest country.

About The Flag Of Monaco

Flag of Monaco
Flag of Monaco.

1. Design and Symbolism

The flag of Monaco represents a small but proud city-state. It is a horizontal bicolor with red and white bands. Both are heraldic colors of the House of Grimaldi – rulers of the principality since 1297.

The Grimaldi coat of arms has alternating red and white diamonds on the shield, supported by monks with raised swords. Above is a crowned royal cape. Below is a ribbon with the Latin motto “Deo Juvante” (With God’s Help).

2. Adoption

Monaco adopted the bicolor flag on April 4, 1881, during the reign of Charles III.

3. Technical Details

The official flag dimensions follow a ratio of 4:5. However, many manufacturers ignore the formal decree and make flags using a proportion of 2:3.

4. History

Monaco is a sovereign city-state on the French Riviera. Its name comes from the Greek word “monoikos” (single house), which refers to the sole temple of Hercules in the area.

Its small size made it vulnerable to the influence of powerful regional forces, resulting in multiple historical flags. It was part of the old Kingdom of France, which used a plain blue field as its banner. In 1034, it was under the Holy Roman Empire, which raised a yellow flag with a black eagle.

In 1191, the emperor Henry VI gave the city of Genoa rights over Monaco. They began the construction of a fortress on high ground and created a settlement around it. In 1297, Francesco Grimaldi and his men seized the castle disguised as monks. Genoan forces took it back, but his descendants became rich enough to buy it and rule Monaco for centuries.

In the mid-1300s, Genoa allowed England to raise the flag of St. George on their ports (a red cross on a white field). The English benefitted from brisk sea trade, while the Genoans collected a sizable fee. Next was the flag of the Crown of Aragon, with nine yellow and red stripes. In 1419, Monaco finally raised its flag: a white field of red diamonds.

In the following centuries, Milan, France, Spain, and Sardinia would have their flags in the city. The Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861 resulted in French recognition of Monaco’s sovereignty. In 1881, Monaco raised its chosen flag: two horizontal bands of red and white. It fell briefly under Italy and Nazi Germany during World War II. In 1945, Monaco regained independence and reinstated the bicolor flag.

5. Flag Facts

The Princely and Government Flag

The constitution of Monaco established a princely flag alongside the national flag. It features the arms of the House of Grimaldi on a white field. This variant flag is in government offices and the royal palace.

The Royal Personal Standard

Each prince of Monaco has a personal standard. Prince Rainier III used a crowned monogram on a white field. His son, Prince Albert II, followed the pattern and substituted “A” for the letter “R.”

Similarities with Other Flags

The flag of Monaco and Indonesia appear identical with their horizontal red and white bands. However, Monaco has a darker shade of red.

The flag of Singapore is also similar except for a crescent and five stars – enough to make a clear distinction. Meanwhile, the flag of Poland looks like an upside-down version of the Monaco flag.

Monaco – country at a glance

Capital CityMonaco (city-state)
(43°43′N 7°25′E)
Largest CityMonte Carlo
Land Areatotal: 2 sq km

land: 2 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Population31,400 (2022 est.)
Official LanguageFrench
Languages spokenMonegasque, Occitan, English and Italian.
National Anthem"A Marcia de Muneghu" (The March of Monaco)
ReligionRoman Catholicism
BordersFrance (land border)
CurrencyEuro (€) (EUR)
Life expectancy89.52 Years (2022)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. Source - CIA
ClimateMediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers
Terrainhilly, rugged, rocky
Lowest pointMediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest pointChemin des R?voires on Mont Agel 162 m
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Birth rate6.66 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate10.7 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Sex ratio0.94 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
Government typeUnitary parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy
MonarchPrince Albert II
Minister of StatePierre Dartout
National holidayNational Day (Saint Rainier's Day), 19 November (1857)
National symbolsred and white lozenges (diamond shapes)
National colorsred, white
Industriesbanking, insurance, tourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products
Exports$964.6 million (2017 est.)
jewelry, perfumes, watches, packaged medicines, plastic products (2019)
Imports$1.371 billion (2017 est.)
jewelry, recreational boats, cars and vehicle parts, watches, general wares (2019)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$115,700 (2015 est.)
Time ZoneCET (UTC+1)
Summer (DST) - CEST (UTC+2)
Internet country code.mc
Calling Code+377
Drives on theRight
Table last updatedAugust 10, 2022