Last updated on March 4th, 2020
Montenegro, officially the Republic of Montenegro, is a country in Southeast Europe on the Adriatic Sea. It has an area of 13,812 square km. Podgorica is its capital and largest city. Montenegrin is the national language of Montenegro. Euro is its official currency. Its land bordering countries are Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania and the Adriatic Sea. Montenegro is a parliamentary republic with a President elected directly by the people who serves as the head of state. The economy of Montenegro is heavily dependent on services followed by industry and agriculture.
History and Geography
1. Montenegro declared its independence from Serbia on June 3, 2006.
2. Montenegro got its name from the dark mountain forests that cover the land. The name breaks down into two words, ‘monte’ and ‘negro’ (black, mountain), and dates back to the 15th century.
3. Lake Skadar is the largest in the Balkan region, with two-thirds lying in Montenegro and the remainder in Albania.
4. In area, Montenegro is comparable to the size of Connecticut.
5. Montenegro is a small country with a population of less than one million people (644,578 (July 2016 est.)). However, the country shows major economic potential, especially from its tourism industry.
6. The country has 117 beaches along the Adriatic coast.
Map of Montenegro
7. Montenegro is a famous tourist destination. The legendary English romantic poet Lord Bryon once described the country this way: ‘At the birth of the planet the most beautiful encounter between land and sea must have been on the Montenegrin coast’. This is a testament to the country’s striking beauty, which is no doubt one of the primary reasons why it attracts millions of visitors.
8. Podgorica is the capital and largest city of the country. It covers a total area of 55.6 square miles. The city hosts Montenegro’s administrative, economic, cultural and educational centers.
9. The country’s flag features a golden lion. The flag is based on the flag that was in use during the reign of King Nicola I, who was king between 1910 and 1918.
Flag of Montenegro
10. The Tara (Drina) River in Montenegro is known for its clean water. The total length is 144 km, of which 110 km are in Montenegro, while the final 34 km are in Bosnia and Herzegovina; it also forms the border between the two countries in several places.
11. About 60% of the country is more than 1000 meters above sea level, with the tallest peak – Bobotov Kuk in the Durmitor Mountains – at 2,522 meters.
Tourism and Trade in Montenegro
12. The country has a diverse population. Native Montenegrins make up about 45% of its population while Serbs, Bosniaks, Albanians, Muslims and Croats form the rest of the country’s population.
14. Tourism, steel making, aluminum and food processing represent its major industries. Handmade carpets, wood carvings, tapestries, ceramics, filigree jewelry, ceramics, art and wine are some of the famous items from the region that you can buy while in Montenegro.
15. The World Tourism and Travel Council (WTTC) placed Montenegro first on its list of countries where tourism is a strategic industry. Tourism in the country is expected to grow at a rate of 8.8 percent over the next ten years. Are you looking to visit a new place? Why not Montenegro? You can also enjoy winter snow sports such as skiing and snowboarding, as well as other sports including climbing, white-water rafting, scuba diving and many more.
16. Crvena Stijena by the village Petrovici near Niksic is one of Montenegro’s oldest cultural and historical monuments. The cave is unique in the world because of the numerous cultural artifacts it contains.
17. Sveti Stefan is certainly one of the tourist icons of Montenegro. It is located just 15 minutes from Budva, by car.
18. The monastery of Ostrog, located above the Bjelopavlic valley, is one of the most visited shrines in the Christian world. It is carved in rocks and was founded in the 17th century by Saint Basil.
19. Montenegrins celebrate their national holiday on July 13, which is also known as Statehood Day. They celebrate this day to commemorate the day that Montenegro was recognized as the 27th independent state in the world by the Berlin Congress, which occurred on July 13, 1878.
20. Montenegro winters are cold, snowy and intolerable. This is the reason why the country sees a drop in tourism during these months.
Continue reading on the next page…