50 Interesting Facts About San Marino

Last updated on August 27th, 2019

34. A commemorative stamp starring 92-year-old Granny Isetta, who could remember all four Italian football championship titles since 1934, was issued by San Marino, marking the Italian victory in FIFA World Cup 2006.

35. San Marino is the only surviving Italian microstate.

36. The statutes of 1600, the first legal documents mentioning San Marino’s institutional organs are misunderstood to be the world’s oldest written constitution.

37. Until 1463, the land area of San Marino consisted only of Mount Titano.

A beautiful view of San Marino
A beautiful view of San Marino. Image credit – fdecomite

38. Foreign militaries took control of San Marino for three times in the history, however briefly.

39. Abraham Lincoln, the then president of the United States, was offered honorary citizenship of San Marino, which the president accepted wholeheartedly.

40. During the World War I, Italy, suspended all telephone connections with San Marino, suspecting that it could harbor Austrian spies who could be given access to its new radiotelegraph station.

Related: Interesting facts about Slovenia

Did you know?

41. In 1940, a false claim was made by press that San Marino had declared war on Britain. It is also said that on account of this false information, the British Royal Air Force bombed the country causing damage to railways and killing 63 civilians. The British government however later regretted their action.

42. During the Battle of Rimini, the country also sheltered almost 100,000 refugees. Interesting to note here is the fact that the country only had a population of 15,000 people at that time.

43. The country is also the world’s only nation to witness a communist government which was democratically elected into power.

44. Despite competing in 12 summers and 7 winter Olympics, San Marino never won a medal.

45. The first international football win came to the country when they beat Liechtenstein 1-0 in 2004.

46. Foreign visitors are not required to show their passport while entering San Marino from Italy.

47. The three towers on the flag of San Marino represent the three towers on Mt. Titano. The towers are included on the flag because of their strategic importance in the defense of the country throughout its history.

48. A large number of Italians live in San Marino.    

49. San Marino has had the highest number of female head of state than any other country.

50. San Marino is entirely composed of hilly terrain and has no flat ground.

San Marino – country at a glance

Independence day3 September 301 (traditional founding date)
Table last updatedJuly 26, 2019
Capital CityCity of San Marino
Largest CityDogana
Total area61 sq km
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Population33,779 (July 2018 est.)
Official LanguageItalian
BordersItaly
DemonymSammarinese
CurrencyEuro
ReligionRoman Catholicism (predominantly, but not established)
Life expectancy at birth83.4 Years (2018)
ClimateMediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Terrainrugged mountains
Lowest pointTorrente Ausa 55 m
Highest pointMonte Titano 739 m
Natural resourcesbuilding stone
Agricultural land16.7%
Birth rate8.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate8.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio0.94 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Government typeparliamentary republic
National anthem"Inno Nazionale della Repubblica" (National Anthem of the Republic)
National symbolthree peaks each displaying a tower
National holidayFounding of the Republic (or Feast of Saint Marinus), 3 September (A.D. 301)
National colorswhite, blue
Industriestourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
Exports$3.827 billion (2011 est.)
building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics
Imports$2.551 billion (2011 est.)
wide variety of consumer manufactures, food, energy
GDP - per capita (PPP)$59,000 (2017 est.)
Time ZoneCET (UTC+1)
Internet country code.sm
Calling Code+378
Drives on theRight
Data sourcesCIA, Wikipedia