50 Interesting Facts About Sri Lanka

Last updated on June 20th, 2022

47. National Animal

Sri Lanka has no official national animal. People though consider the elephant, lion, and grizzled giant squirrel as such.

48. Embraces Free Education

The country offers free education from primary to university. However, free education in state universities is competitive and limited.

49. Its Largest City

Colombo is Sri Lanka’s commercial capital and largest city, with an estimated population of over 7.5 million residents. It’s best known for Dutch-colonial style buildings, and other historical attractions.

The Blue water Lily. fact file of Sri Lanka
The Blue water Lily. Interesting Facts About Sri Lanka. Image credit – _ A Sparrow at Home

50. Has a National Flower

Sri Lanka recognizes the Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea nouchali) as its national flower. It is also the national flower of Bangladesh

Sri Lanka – country at a glance

Independence4 February 1948 (from the UK)
Capital CitySri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Colombo (executive and judicial)
6°56′N 79°52′E
Largest CityColombo
Areatotal: 65,610 sq km

land: 64,630 sq km

water: 980 sq km
Population23,044,123 (July 2021 est.)
Official LanguageSinhala
BordersIndia and the Maldives (maritime borders)
CurrencySri Lankan rupee (LKR)
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
DemonymSri Lankan
Life expectancy77.75 years
National anthem"Sri Lanka Matha" (Mother Sri Lanka)
National holidayIndependence Day (National Day), 4 February (1948)
Government typeUnitary semi-presidential republic
PresidentGotabaya Rajapaksa
Prime MinisterRanil Wickremesinghe
Climatetropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)
Terrain mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
Highest pointPidurutalagala 2,524 m
Lowest pointIndian Ocean 0 m
Mean elevation228 m
Coastline1,340 km
National colorsmaroon, yellow
National symbollion, water lily
Natural resourceslimestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower, arable land
Agricultural land43.5% (est. 2018)
Birth rate14.01 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate6.45 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Sex ratio0.95 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Industriesprocessing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; tourism, shipping; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining, information technology services, construction
Exports$19.41 billion (2019 est.)
textiles and apparel, tea and spices; rubber manufactures; precious stones; coconut products, fish
Imports$24.56 billion (2019 est.)
petroleum, textiles, machinery and transportation equipment, building materials, mineral products, foodstuffs
GDP - per capita (PPP)$12,500 note (2020 est.)
Time ZoneSLST (UTC+5:30)
Internet country code.lk
Drives on theleft
Calling Code+94
Table last updatedMay 16, 2022