Last updated on April 23rd, 2019
31. China has the longest canal in the world. This canal is the Grand Canal of China.
32. Can you imagine wearing paper for clothing or light body armor? Well, this is how strong and durable ancient Chinese paper was.
33. The Chinese too have been to space. This happened on 27th September 2008 when the first Chinese named Zhi Zhigang walked in space.
34. And here is one of the interesting Chinese New Year facts. Do you know that all Chinese share a birthday? Well, according to them, on the New Year, every Chinese turns one year older thus their birthday celebration. This is why the Chinese New Year is the most important holiday in China.
35. The Shanghai port of China played a major role in saving Jews during the Second World War. The reason being it was the first and only port to accept the entry of Jews without asking for a visa.
36. The Chinese were also the first to utilize the disastrous effects of gas in war. They did this 2000 years before its first use in the WWI.
37. Archery lovers know that your favorite toy; the crossbow was invented and first used by the Chinese.
38. Fortune cookies may sound Chinese, but they are not part of their culture. In fact, they were invented in 1920 in the USA.
39. For a long time, lanterns were a symbol of life and the family’s wealth. It is said that the wealthiest families had humongous lanterns that required a couple of people to lift up.
40. If you thought we were through with Chinese first, then you are wrong. The Chinese invented the suspension bridge in 25 B.C. Compared to when the westerners built the first one; the Chinese were ahead by 1,800 years.
41. Keep on fearing bats, but for the Chinese, the bat is a symbol of good luck.
42. The Chinese might have also been the first to ride a horse.
43. The Chinese list of olds and first is not yet through. The Lunar Calendar is the oldest calendar in the world dating back to 2600 B.C. It also takes 60 years to complete.
44. You had to be a poet during the Tang Dynasty. This only applied to those who are educated. It was required that educated people greet each other with a poem that has been composed on the spot!
45. The tomb of Qin, the first emperor who is accredited for uniting China, was discovered in 1974. His tomb contained poems, thousands of life-sized soldiers, chariots, and horses.
China – country at a glance
|Independence||1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established)|
|Table last updated||May 30, 2019|
(31.2000° N, 121.5000° E)
|Total area||9,596,960 sq km|
|Population||1,384,688,986 (July 2018 est.)|
|Official Language||Standard Chinese|
|Borders||Afghanistan, Bhutan, India,Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam, Macau, Hong Kong.|
|Currency||Renminbi (yuan)(¥) (CNY)|
|Religion||Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Protestantism, and Catholicism|
|Life expectancy at birth||75.8 Years (2018)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
|Climate||extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north
|Terrain||mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east|
|Mean elevation||1,840 m|
|Lowest point||Turpan Pendi -154 m|
|Highest point||Mount Everest (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level) 8,848 m|
|Natural resources||coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest), arable land
|Birth rate||12.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)|
|Death rate||8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)|
|Sex ratio||1.06 male(s)/female (2018 est.)|
|Suffrage||18 years of age; universal|
|Literacy rate||total population: 96.4%|
|National anthem||"Yiyongjun Jinxingqu" (The March of the Volunteers)|
|National colors||red, yellow|
|Government type||communist state|
|Party General Secretary and President||Xi Jinping|
|Industries||world leader in gross value of industrial output; mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products (including footwear, toys, and electronics); food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites
|Exports||$2.216 trillion (2017 est.)
electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, furniture, textiles, integrated circuits
|Imports||$1.74 trillion (2017 est.)
electrical and other machinery, oil and mineral fuels; nuclear reactor, boiler, and machinery components; optical and medical equipment, metal ores, motor vehicles; soybeans
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$16,700 (2017 est.)|
|Internet country code||.cn|
|Time Zone||China Standard Time (UTC+8)|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Data sources||1. Central Intelligence Agency