Last updated on November 14th, 2017
Facts covering Cuba’s history, sports, and world’s only species of animal and birds.
#17. Bacardi rum was originally manufactured in Cuba. However, production moved to Puerto Rico after Fidel Castro overtook Cuba.
#18. The world’s smallest frog and smallest hummingbird are found in Cuba.
#19. It is the 17th-largest island in the world.
#20. Until 1997, Cuba did not cite Christmas as its official holiday.
#21. Baseball is Cuba’s favorite sport.
#22. “The Old Man and the Sea,” and “For Whom the Bell Tolls” were written by the famous writer Ernest Hemingway while he lived in Cuba.
#23. Almost 100,000 barrels of oil are received by Cuba from Venezuela every day.
#24. Manger – a rare, prehistoric fish – is only found in Cuba.
#25. 90% of Cubans have homes under their ownership.
#26. Americans visiting the island can bring home a total of $100 worth of cigars and rum.
#27. The uniform color of school children depicts their grade level. Every child between the ages of 6 and 15 is required to attend school.
#28. Recipes in Cuba are passed down from generation to generation. They typically do not write down their recipes.
#29. The number of daily newspapers published in Cuba dropped from 58 in the 1950s to 20 in more recent times.
#30. It is a tradition in Cuba to burn dolls at New Year’s Eve to symbolize the forgetting of bad times and look forward to a fresh start with the New Year.
#31. Cuba, which was discovered by explorer Christopher Columbus in 1492, was controlled by Spain until 1898.
#32. In 1902, Cuba gained complete independence from the U.S., which held its temporary control from 1898 to 1902.
#33. During April-September 1980, approximately 124,000 Cubans migrated to the U.S., as they were freely allowed to do so by Fidel Castro.
#34. Pope John Paul II visited Cuba in January, 1998.
#35. On August 14, 2015 The U.S. Embassy reopened in Havana.
Cuba – country at a glance
|Independence day||20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902); not acknowledged by the Cuban Government as a day of independence|
|Capital City||Havana (23°8′N 82°23′W)|
|Largest City||Havana (23°8′N 82°23′W)|
|Government type||communist state|
|Total area||110,860 sq km|
|Population||11,179,995 (July 2016 est.)|
|National Anthem||"La Bayamesa" (The Bayamo Song)|
|National symbol||royal palm|
|National colors||red, white, blue|
|Borders||Jamaica, Haiti, Bahamas, and Florida Keys.|
|Religion||nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria|
|Life Expectancy||78.7 years (2016)|
|Suffrage||16 years of age; universal|
|Time Zone||CST (UTC−5)|
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$11,900 (2016 est.)|
|Terrain||mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast|
|Climate||tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)|
|Natural resources||cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land|
|Birth rate||10.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)|
|Death rate||8.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)|
|Sex ratio||0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)|
|Industries||petroleum, nickel, cobalt, pharmaceuticals, tobacco, construction, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, sugar|
|Exports||$3.428 billion (2016 est.)|
petroleum, nickel, medical products, sugar, tobacco, fish, citrus, coffee
|Imports||$12.34 billion (2016 est.)|
petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals
|Internet country code||.cu|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Data sources||CIA, Wikipedia|
|Table last updated||June 28, 2017|