The beautiful Czech Republic is a land of castles and mountains, history and charm. This nation state in Central Europe is also known by the short name of Czechia since September of 2016, and is a popular destination for tourists from not only all over Europe but the whole world. Read on to discover 44 facts about Czech Republic and some of the things there are to see and do on a visit there.
Facts about culture of Czech Republic
Fact 1. Due to its lack of international and domestic conflict as well as its low crime rate, the Global Peace Index in 2016 ranks the Czech Republic as the sixth safest place to live on earth.
Fact 2. The language has a formal and an informal form, and the natives are patient with foreigners who use them inappropriately. They are proud of their Czech language, which the U. S. Foreign Institute ranks as the second most difficult language to learn. They revel in their ability to master it.
Fact 3. Puppetry and marionette exhibitions are very popular for both children and adults and puppetry festivals are held throughout the country each year. The puppet museum in Prague hosts shows daily and has the largest collection in the world.
Fact 4. The Czech Republic is known worldwide for its mouth blown decorated art glass and crystal, all individually made.
Fact 5. The Czech people have the highest beer consumption per capita in the world. Its first known brewery existed in 993. Pilsners were originated here as did the first ever blond pilsners. There are several beer festivals hosted annually.
Fact 6. The Jewish population of Bohemia and Moravia was virtually annihilated during the Holocaust by the Nazis. In 1930 there were 118,000 Jews according to the census and the 2005 census lists only 4000.
Fact 7. The Czech Republic ranks as one of the least religious populations in the world, with only 19 percent of them claiming to believe in God.
Fact 8. Mushroom hunting is a favorite pastime of the Czech people. In the autumn it is a national passion in the damp forests. They gather yearly at St. Václav Day in September and the hunts can be quite competitive.
Related: Interesting facts about Hungary
Czech Republic – Tourism facts
Fact 9. The Czech Republic is a true paradise for people who love parks and gardens. It has 25 protected landscaped areas and four national parks in addition to broadleaf and conifer forests, rivers and mountains.
Fact 10. Tourism is a big business in the Czech Republic. It has an impressive architectural heritage with 12 UNESCO monuments and many centuries’ worth of monuments, buildings, towers, bridges, and castles to visit and admire.
Fact 11. Prague has been known as the “handsomest city of Europe” since the 18th century. Prague Castle is the largest in Europe with more than 700 hundred rooms. The pedestrian Charles Bridge over the Vitava River fills with painters, vendors, musicians and tourists every summer.
Fact 12. Known as the castle capital of the world, the republic has over 2000 castles, ruins and keeps for visitors to tour and enjoy. The St. Vitrus Cathedral at Prague Castle is home of the Czech crown jewels and the burial place of Czech kings.
Fact 13. The Old Town Square is home of the Astronomical Clock, the annual Christmas market, cafes, street entertainers, the Old Town Hall from 1338 and baroque era buildings (See below.)
Fact 14. The spa towns of Karlovy Vary, Mariańské Láznĕ, Františkovy Láznĕ, and Jáchymov offer oases of comfort and relaxation for those who want a stress-free holiday.
Fact 15. For the youngsters, the Czech Aquapalace Praha is the biggest water park in Central Europe.
The People, Food and Economy of Czech Republic
Fact 16. Some Czechs who are international renowned in their fields of endeavor include Gregor Mendel (science of genetics), Alphonse Mucha (visual arts), Franz Kafka (literary arts), plus Martina Navratilova and Ivan Lendl (Sports-tennis).
Fact 17. Inventors have abounded throughout the history of the Czech people, and Czechs have invented the first grounded lightning rod, the screw propeller, the modern compass, sugar cubes, photogravure, the arc lamp, the plastic explosive Semtex, and soft contact lenses, among other things.
Fact 18. Czech citizens Frantĭsek Burian and Arnold Jirásek founded the first plastic surgery in 1927.
Fact 19. The Czech economy gains a substantial income from their tourism industry.
Fact 20. The Czech Republic has an advanced, high income economy and a high standard of living. In fact, it is the most stable and prosperous of the post-communist states, with the lowest unemployment rate in the European Union.
Fact 21. Popular foods of the Czech people include Vepřo Knedlo Zelo, a roast pork with bread dumplings and stewed cabbage, and Bramboráky, or potato pancakes, traditionally presented with sauerkraut.
Fact 22. More popular foods include Koprová (beef in dill sauce with dumplings) and Guláš (beef and pork stews served with dumplings or bread). Czechs love beef.
Fact 23. Peĕná Kachma is a roast duck meal traditionally served with bread or potato dumplings and braised red cabbage and tartar sauce. Carp is traditionally served for Christmas dinner.
Fact 24. Beer is popular with meals as are wines from the Czech vineyards.
Also read: 45 Interesting facts about Germany
Czech Republic (Czechia) on map
Facts about history of Czech Republic
Fact 25. Originally formed in the late ninth century, the Czech state was first known as the Duchy of Bohemia under the Great Moravian Empire.
Fact 26. It was formally recognized as part of the massive Holy Roman Empire in 1004, and became the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198.
Fact 27. As the kingdom of Bohemia, it reached its zenith of wealth and power during the 13th and 14th centuries.
Fact 28. By 1526, along with the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary, the Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Hapsburg Monarchy.
Fact 29. A Protestant Bohemian revolt against the Catholic Hapsburgs started the Thirty Years War. When it was over, the monarchy stabilized its rule, began a gradual Germanization and reinstated Catholicism.
Fact 30. The Bohemian Kingdom became part of the Austrian Empire when the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved in 1806.
Fact 31. In 1918 with the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I, the Republic of Czechoslovakia was formed. Due to a wave of romantic nationalism, the Czech language experienced a revival.
Fact 32. Germany occupied the Czech part of the nation during World War II. The U.S. and the Soviet Union liberated them in 1945. Most of the country’s German speaking people were expelled at the end of the war.
Fact 33. By 1946 the country had become Communist under Soviet influence.
Fact 34. During the 1989 Velvet Revolution the communist regime collapsed and in June of 1993 Czechoslovakia was peacefully dissolved. It then became two independent states: the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Flag of Czechia
10 Interesting Facts about Czech Republic
Fact 35. Skoda Auto, Europe’s largest car maker, is based in the Czech Republic.
Fact 36. The Czech Republic has the most hospital beds per capita of any country in the EU. Unfortunately they probably need them, because they also have the highest EU death rate from cancer.
Fact 37. The republic ranks in the top ten countries worldwide with the fastest internet speed on average. The Czech Republic’s main international airport is Václava Havla but there are six that provide international services. The country has 46 airports altogether.
Fact 38. On December 21, 2007, the republic abolished its border controls completely, opening them with all of its neighboring countries.
Fact 39. In Prague an architectural wonder called the Dancing House, designed by architect Frank D. Gehry, pays homage to famous dancing partners Fred Astaire and Ginger Rodgers. The real name of the building in the Nationale-Nederlanden building.
Fact 40. The Old Jewish Cemetery in Prague is a monument to the victims of the Holocaust and includes five synagogues in its complex.
Fact 41. Founded in 1348, the Charles University in Prague is the one of the oldest in the world in continuous operation. According to one 2006 ranking of World Universities, it is the leading university in Eastern Europe.
Fact 42. The garnet trade is everywhere due to nearby garnet mines. Garnet jewelry can be purchased in the city markets.
Fact 43. The UNESCO World Heritage Site of Cesky Krumlov (Castle Krumlov) is the second most popular tourist destination in the country. The Czech’s castle season usually lasts from the first of April to the first of November. They are closed on Mondays.
Fact 44. In the Bohemian region your will find the Adrspach-Teplice Rocks look like giants used them to stack up like building blocks. Paths take you to out of the way formations beloved of rock-climbing enthusiasts. Watch for the Peregrine Falcons that have permanent breeding grounds in the area.
There is something for everyone in the family when you visit the Czech Republic. From outdoor adventures to luxurious spas, historic treasures to glorious architecture, and cultural riches to delicious food, you are sure to find something to enjoy here. Use the comments section below, and let us know what you think of this beautiful country that has a lot of history and culture attached to it.
A beautiful and meaningful quote about life by “Václav Havel” (Former President of Czechoslovakia): “The tragedy of modern man is not that he knows less and less about the meaning of his own life, but that it bothers him less and less.”
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Quick facts about Czech Republic
|Total area||78,867 sq km|
|Population||10,644,842 (July 2016 est.)|
|Independence||January 1, 1993|
|National anthem||"Kde domov muj?" (Where is My Home?)|
|National symbol||double-tailed lion|
|National colors||white, red, blue|
|Government type||parliamentary republic|
|Borders||Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria.|
|Currency||Czech koruna (CZK)|
|Religion||Roman Catholic 10.4%, Protestant (includes Czech Brethren and Hussite) 1.1%, other and unspecified 54%, none 34.5% (2011 est.)|
|Life expectancy||78.6 Years (2016)|
(The greatest fully authenticated age to which any human has ever lived is 122 years 164 days by Jeanne Louise Calment from France.)
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$31,600 (2015 est.)|
|Industries||motor vehicles, metallurgy, machinery and equipment, glass, armaments|
|Exports||$131 billion (2015 est.)|
machinery and transport equipment, raw materials, fuel, chemicals
|Imports||$122.5 billion (2015 est.)|
machinery and transport equipment, raw materials and fuels, chemicals
|Climate||temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters|
|Terrain||Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country|
|Natural resources||hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber, arable land|
|Birth rate||9.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)|
|Death rate||10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)|
|Sex ratio||1.06 male(s)/female (2016 est.)|
|Time Zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|Internet country code||.cz|
|Drives on the||Right|