Last updated on February 15th, 2020
Poverty in Ghana
31. Ghana struggles with poverty in the region due to its high population rate.
32. Most of the people living in the southern part of the country are considered rich than those in the North.
33. Overall poverty rates are declining in Ghana as compared to other countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa. Thus the country is considered to be the leading nation in Africa pin meeting the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals).
34. Agriculture is the major employer in the country thus most people are found farming their lands translating to high poverty rates.
35. However, the country struggles to be a middle income earning country due to its long political stability in the region.
About the economy and geography
36. The rate of economic growth has been sluggish due to inflation in the past two years.
Ghana on the map
37. The government has been involved in finding measures to restore sanity in the markets with more efforts on regulating, borrowing locally than abroad though the efforts are characterized by uncertainty.
38. Starting a business in Ghana has been made easy with the little bureaucracy involved and regulated business freedom.
39. The Ghanaian government is committed to removing all taxes on fuel among other subsidies in a bid to cushion marketing and other business minded people.
40. Foreigners are encouraged to invest in the country provided they are legally registered with the government.
41. Ghana is a West African country located in the Gulf of Guinea (see below.)
42. The country borders Burkina Faso to the North, Togo to the East and the Atlantic Ocean is to the South.
43. In comparison, Ghana covers an area which is slightly smaller than Oregon.
44. The capital City of Ghana is Accra which has a population of approximately 2.273 million people (2015 est.)
45. The main Cash crop grown in Ghana is Cocoa.
Food and music in Ghana
46. Most of the Ghanaian foods are traditional reflective of the country’s history as well as agriculture.
47. The delicacy for most people is boiled cassava, plantains, and yams which are rolled into balls commonly known as fufu.
48. Most, if not all dishes in Ghana are spiced up mainly with chilies and red peppers.
49. Ghana boasts of having the largest open-air market in West Africa located in Kumasi where people go to buy clothes, fabric as well as garments.
50. Ghanaians celebrate a dancing festival held annually and most of their celebrities are known globally as not allowing their wealth or even statuses affect their daily living.
Ghana – country at a glance
|Independence||March 06, 1957 (from Britain)|
|Total area||238,533 sq km|
|Population||29,340,248 (July 2020 est.)|
|Languages spoken||Akuapem Twi, Asante Twi, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Fante, Nzema, Wasa, Talensi, Frafra|
|Literacy rate||total population: 76.6%|
|Religion||Christianity, Islam and others|
|Suffrage||18 years of age; universal|
|Borders||Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso and Togo|
|Currency||Ghana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)|
|Government type||presidential republic|
|Vice President||Mahamudu Bawumia|
|Life expectancy at birth||68.2 years (2020)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
|Climate||tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
|Terrain||mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area
|Mean elevation||190 m|
|Lowest point||Atlantic Ocean 0 m|
|Highest point||Mount Afadjato 885 m|
|Natural resources||gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
|National Anthem||God Bless Our Homeland Ghana|
|National holiday||Independence Day, 6 March (1957)|
|National symbol||black star, golden eagle|
|National colors||red, yellow, green, black
|Birth rate||29.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)|
|Death rate||6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)|
|Sex ratio||0.97 male(s)/female (2020 est.)|
|Industries||mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building, petroleum
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$4,700 (2017 est.)|
|Exports||$13.84 billion (2017 est.)
oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products
|Imports||$12.65 billion (2017 est.)
capital equipment, refined petroleum, foodstuffs
|Internet country code||.gh|
|Time Zone||GMT (UTC+0)|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Table last updated||March 30, 2020|