50 Interesting Facts About Ghana

Last updated on September 20th, 2017

Poverty in Ghana

#31. Ghana struggles with poverty in the region due to its high population rate.

#32. Most of the people living in the southern part of the country are considered rich than those in the North.

#33. Overall poverty rates are declining in Ghana as compared to other countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa. Thus the country is considered to be the leading nation in Africa pin meeting the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals).

#34. Agriculture is the major employer in the country thus most people are found farming their lands translating to high poverty rates.

#35. However, the country struggles to be a middle income earning country due to its long political stability in the region.

About economy and geography

#36. The rate of economic growth has been sluggish due to inflation in the past two years.

Map of Ghana

#37. The government has been involved in finding measures to restore sanity in the markets with more efforts on regulating, borrowing locally than abroad though the efforts are characterized by uncertainty.

#38. Starting a business in Ghana has been made easy with the little bureaucracy involved and regulated business freedom.

#39. The Ghanaian government is committed to removing all taxes on fuel among other subsidies in a bid to cushion marketing and other business minded people.

#40. Foreigners are encouraged to invest in the country provided they are legally registered with the government.

#41. Ghana is a West African country located in the Gulf of Guinea (see below.)

Ghana's location in Gulf of Guinea
Ghana’s location in the Gulf of Guinea.

#42. The country borders Burkina Faso to the North, Togo to the East and the Atlantic Ocean is to the South.

#43. In comparison, Ghana covers an area which is slightly smaller than Oregon.

#44. The capital City of Ghana is Accra which has a population of approximately 2.273 million people (2015 est.)

#45. The main Cash crop grown in Ghana is Cocoa.

Food and music in Ghana

#46. Most of the Ghanaian foods are traditional reflective of the country’s history as well as agriculture.

#47. The delicacy for most people is boiled cassava, plantains, and yams which are rolled into balls commonly known as fufu.

#48. Most, if not all dishes in Ghana are spiced up mainly with chilies and red peppers.

#49. Ghana boasts of having the largest open-air market in West Africa located in Kumasi where people go to buy clothes, fabric as well as garments.

#50. Ghanaians celebrate a dancing festival held annually and most of their celebrities are known globally as not allowing their wealth or even statuses affect their daily living.

Ghana – country at a glance

IndependenceMarch 06, 1957 (from Britain)
Capital CityAccra
(5°33′N 0°12′W)
Largest CityAccra
(5°33′N 0°12′W)
Total area238,533 sq km
Population27,499,924 (2017 est.)
Official LanguageEnglish
Languages spokenAkuapem Twi, Asante Twi, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Fante, Nzema, Wasa, Talensi, Frafra
Literacy rate76.6%
ReligionChristianity, Islam and others
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
BordersCôte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso and Togo
CurrencyGhana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Government typepresidential republic
PresidentNana Akufo-Addo
Vice PresidentMahamudu Bawumia
Life expectancy67 years (2017)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Climatetropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
Terrainmostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area
Natural resourcesgold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Agricultural land69.1%
National AnthemGod Bless Our Homeland Ghana
National holidayIndependence Day, 6 March (1957)
National symbolblack star, golden eagle
National colorsred, yellow, green, black
Birth rate30.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratio0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Industriesmining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building, petroleum
GDP - per capita (PPP)$4,600 (2017 est.)
Exports$13.75 billion (2017 est.)
oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products
Imports$12.68 billion (2017 est.)
capital equipment, refined petroleum, foodstuffs
Internet country code.gh
Time ZoneGMT (UTC+0)
Calling Code+233
Drives on theRight
Data sourcesCIA, Wikipedia
Table last updatedJuly 14, 2018