33 Important Facts About Oregon

Last updated on August 19th, 2019

Oregon is the 27th most populous and the 9th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. It lies in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The state attained statehood on February 14, 1859, becoming the 33rd state to join the union. Its four bordering states are Nevada, Washington, California, and IdahoSee the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. Oregon (nicknamed: “Beaver State”) has 36 counties. The state’s capital is Salem. With these facts about Oregon, let us learn more about its history, geography, people, economy and more.

1. The origin of the name “Oregon” is uncertain. However, according to one account, the name is believed to have been derived from the French word, ‘Ouragan,’ which is loosely translated as hurricane’ or windstorm’. This was in reference to the powerful winds originating from the Columbia River hence the name Oregon.[1] 

2. Also known as Castor canadensis (scientific name), the American Beaver is actually the Oregon state animal since 1969. And that is why Oregon is popularly known as “The Beaver State”.[3]

facts about Oregon
Oregon (in red) on the map with bordering states.

3. The state has 11 lighthouses, and Yaquina is the tallest of them all – 93 feet. The tallest lighthouse is the most popular lighthouse on the coast and has been in service since 1873.[30]

4. Powell’s Book store in Portland, Oregon, is the world’s largest bookstore. The store is in service in Portland since 1971. The company’s founder started his book selling career with a loan of $3,000, which he repaid within two months of borrowing the money.[31,32]

5. The mention of the deepest gorge in Oregon should give you a clear picture of a 7,900 feet Hell’s Canyon. This magnificent and picturesque physical feature is located between Idaho and Oregon along the Snake River.[4]

6. It may take you by surprise but milk is indeed Oregon’s state beverage. In 1997, the legislature unanimously agreed that milk and other dairy products should be accorded such status on the basis of their contribution to the state’s economic well-being. Therefore, milk is a symbol of economic prosperity in Oregon.

Mill Ends Park.
Mill Ends Park, Oregon. Image credit – Ian Sane

7. Did you know that the world’s smallest park – Mill Ends Park – is in Portland, Oregon? Surprisingly, the park is just two square feet in area. Now imagine how one could fit a park in that little area. Here is a picture to clarify all your doubts. The park lies in the median of the heavily trafficked Naito Parkway. It was granted this recognition in 1971 by The Guinness Book of Records.[33,34]

8. The square dance or simply the Official State Dance is a heritage symbol within Oregon. The dance’s lively spirit exemplifies a friendly, enthusiastic and free nature that are all tailored to reflect the typical Oregon character and heritage in general.

9. Have you ever come across a state that prides itself with amazing geodes? Well, Oregon’s Thunderegg will give you enough reasons to spend more time in this state. This official state rock contains several minerals of various colors and crystalline structure making it unique yet appealing to the eye. Apparently, these popular items are skillfully cut and polished to reveal their breathtaking designs inside.[5]

10. Unlike the Thunderegg, Oregon sunstone is regarded highly as the state’s official gemstone (designated in 1987) because of its brightly colored appearance. The stone belongs to the feldspar family and it is found mainly in the Southeastern regions of the state. Sunstone is a variety of a mineral called oligoclase. Sunstone can be polished, faceted, and carved and made into jewelry.[6]

Flag of California

Oregon state flag

11. Oregon boasts of a unique state flag in the U.S. with two separate designs each on either side. A close look reveals that one side is decorated with the state seal emblem and on the reverse side; there is a picture of a golden beaver.[2]

12. Crater Lake is a notable physical feature that makes Oregon a unique state in the entire country. Crater Lake is actually the deepest (592 meters) among the lakes in the U.S. and one of the deepest in the world. The most intriguing part of its history is that it was formed as a volcanic lake thousands of years ago. Its scenic crystal-blue waters are well-known by every traveler worldwide. You could stack the Eiffel Tower, Washington Monument and Statue of Liberty on top of each other and still have 100 feet of water covering Lady Liberty’s torch. That is how deep the lake is.[7]

13. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Oregon is among the top 20 states with the highest suicide rates. Montana tops the list, closely followed by Alaska and Wyoming.[35] 

14. Did you know that physician-assisted suicide is legal in eight U.S. jurisdictions including Oregon? However, there are certain limitations to the act wherein the individuals must have a terminal illness as well as a prognosis of six months or less to live. The other jurisdictions where this act is legal are Colorado, Hawaii, Vermont, Washington, Montana, California and District of Columbia. His first public assisted suicide was in 1990, of Janet Adkins.[8,9,10]

15. In 1971, Oregon passed the Oregon Bicycle Bill, the first such state law in the country, which devoted 1% (every year) of state transportation funding for cycling. Interestingly, the bill was signed outdoors – on the seat of a bike.[29]

16. There’s no other state in the US that is known to have an official state nut if not Oregon. The state nut is known as the hazelnut or filbert and Oregon is home to 99 percent of the commercial nuts cultivated in the US.

Nike logo
The famous swoosh. Image credit – Josh Hallett

17. Interestingly, the famous Nike logo was designed by Carolyn Davidson (in 1971), a student at Portland State University. And she was paid $35 for her design by Nike’s founders, Bill Bowerman, and Phil Knight though they didn’t like the logo in the first place. But now, Nike Logo is recognized by every sports enthusiast all over the world. Originally, the logo was called as ‘the strip’, which later became well known as ‘Swoosh’.[11]

Oregon on the map

18. It is a well-known fact that the famous Hollywood star of all time, Clint Eastwood lived in Springfield, Oregon. He worked at Weyerhaeuser for a few weeks as a lumberjack before realizing that lumberjacking was a dangerous business venture.[12]

19. Did you know that Oregon is the top-most Christmas tree producing state in the U.S.? The state has dedicated 42,000 acres of its land area for the purpose of raising these trees.[26,27]

20. Forest Grove at the heart of Oregon is credited for being the home of the world’s tallest and most notable barber shop pole, standing at 72-feet tall.[13]

21. Oregon has plenty to offer and one of the unique things that make this state famous is the honey mushroom or Armillaria ostoyae, the largest living single organism in the world. The organism covers a vast area (2,385 acres of Malheur National Forest) and it is believed to be between 2,400 and 8,650 years old.[14]

22. The state of Oregon is home to different Native American Ethnic groups in the country. The federal government recognizes only nine tribes existing within the present day state.[15]

23. When you think of Oregon as a state you should always remember that the Douglas fir is the state tree in accordance with the 1939 declaration. In fact, this tree species is the main source of softwood lumber production in Oregon.[3]

24. Oregon stands at number six among the most Bigfoot sighting places in the US with Washington taking the lead.[17]

25. In Portland, pinball machines are completely banned since 1949 when Dorothy McCullough was the mayor.[18]

26. John Day Fossil Beds National Monument was voted to be one of the most recognizable fossil sites globally.[19] 

27. Mount Hood in Oregon is the second most explored mountain in the world after Mount Fuji in Japan. With an elevation of 11,249 feet, it is the highest mountain in Oregon. It is a potentially active stratovolcano. The last minor eruptive event occurred in 1907.[20,21]

28. Oregon is known for its annual festival of Estacada which involves mushroom hunting, mushroom tastings, mushroom identification classes, and mushroom themed artwork.[37]

29. Oregon has a state song known as “Oregon, My Oregon” composed by J.A. Buchanan and Henry B. Murtagh.

30. Oregon’s vast forests are a leading source for lumber in the U.S. In fact, the state harvests more timber than any other state. Almost half of the state’s landmass is covered by forests. Oregon’s soils and climate provide ideal conditions for the growth of trees in the region.[22,23]

31. There is only one national park in Oregon which comprises of the caldera surrounding Crater Lake.[36]

Willamette Meteorite. Image via – Wikipedia.org

32. Willamette Meteorite, discovered in the U.S. state of Oregon, is the largest meteorite found in North America and the sixth-largest in the world. The iron-nickel meteorite did not create an impact at the site it was found and thus it was concluded that the meteorite was transported to this place by some glacial activity some thousands of years ago. At 15.5 metric tons (34,000 lbs.), Willamette is the largest single “stone.”[24,25]

33. Linus Pauling (1901 – 1994) born in Portland, Oregon was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1954. He also won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1962.[28]

Oregon – quick facts and state symbols

State AbbreviationOR
NoteClick on the previous/next link below to see more table entries.
State CapitalSalem
List Of 50 U.S. States And Their Capital
Largest CityPortland
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 98,381 sq miles; Land Only: 95,997 sq miles
(Estimate July 1, 2018 from United States Census Bureau)
StatehoodFebruary 14, 1859
State rank by population27th
State rank by date of formation33rd
State rank by area9th
Number of Counties36
Complete list of 50 states and number of counties in each
Bordering StatesCalifornia, Idaho, Nevada, Washington
Highest PointMount Hood
11,249 ft (3,428.8 m)
Lowest pointPacific Ocean
Sea level
Mean elevation3,300 feet above seal level
Length 360 miles (580 km)
Width400 miles (640 km)
GovernorKate Brown (D)
Secretary of StateBeverly Clarno (R)
Electoral Votes7
State MottoAlis volat propriis (She flies with her own wings)
State NicknameBeaver State
% Water2.4
Noble prize winnersLinus Pauling (Chemistry, 1954)
Linus Pauling (Peace, 1962)
Carl Wieman (Physics, 2001)
Dale T. Mortensen (Economic Sciences, 2010)
Famous peopleDave Wilcox (Pro Football player)
Lauren Gale (Basketball player)
Kaitlin Olson
State FossilMetasequoia
State Flag

Flag of Oregon

State seal

Seal of Oregon.svg

State coat of arms

Oregon state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876).jpg

State quarter

Oregon quarter

State animalBeaver

A Beaver Tale
State BirdWestern meadowlark

A bird with yellow underparts, a black "V" on the breast, and white flanks which are streaked with black

State ButterflyOregon Swallowtail Butterfly

Oregon Swallowtail (Papilio machaon oregonius)
State CrustaceanDungeness crab

Limantour Beach, Labor Day 2011
State fishChinook salmon

Chinook salmon.jpg

State fruitPear


State FlowerOregon-grape

Oregon Grape
State GemstoneOregon sunstone


State InsectHoney bee


State MicrobeBrewer's yeast

S cerevisiae under DIC microscopy.jpg

State mineralOregonite & Josephinite

Josephinite (Josephine Peridotite; Jackson County, southwestern Oregon, USA)
State MushroomPacific golden chanterelle

Chanterelle Cantharellus cibarius.jpg

State NutHazelnut

Haselnuss Gr 99.jpg

State SeashellOregon hairy triton

Fusitriton oregonensis.jpg

State RockThunderegg

Succor Creek thunderegg, Oregon USA
State TreeDouglas-fir

Several tall douglas-fir trees with a blue sky and water in the background.

Longitude116° 28′ W to 124° 38′ W
Latitude42° N to 46° 18′ N
Time ZonePacific Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone
Area Codes458, 503, 541, 971
Table last updated14th may, 2019