India Facts: 72 Interesting Facts About India

Last updated on April 6th, 2019

60. Mango is India’s national fruit and Peacock is its national bird.

61. The first mining of diamonds was done in India.

62. India was the first to detect water on the Moon. India’s first Moon Satellite Chandrayaan-1 took the honor.

63. “Amar Sonar Bangla” the national anthem of Bangladesh is written by Rabindranath Tagore of Indian origin.

64. The Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is in India.

the taj mahal
One of the Seven Wonders of the World: The Taj Mahal

65. As per world banks report, there is 23% of forest area in India.

Some fun facts

66. You would be amazed to know that the concept of shampoo was first invented in India when herbs were used for strengthening hair.

67. India is the largest gold buyer in the world while the United States holds the biggest gold reserves.

68. Adolf Hitler – the dictator – was a big fan of Major Dhyanchand. He even offered him German citizenship when India defeated Germany in 1936 in the Berlin Olympic Finals.

69. Cricket is India’s most popular sport while field hockey is another sport where the countrymen excel. Did you know that the India men’s national field hockey team won six consecutive gold medals in Olympics between 1928 and 1956?

70. There is only one-time zone across all of India.

71. It is illegal to carry Indian currency, Rupee, outside of India.

72. While tea is the most popular beverage in India, the country is also its largest producer in the world.

India – country at a glance

Country NameRepublic of India; Bharat Ganrajya
Table last updatedMay 04, 2019
Independence15 August 1947 (from the UK)
ConstitutionThe Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950.
Capital CityNew Delhi
(28.6139° N, 77.2090° E)
Largest CityMumbai
(19.0760° N, 72.8777° E)
Area3,287,263 sq km
Population1,296,834,042 (July 2018 est.)
Most populous stateUttar Pradesh.
Population: 223,897,418 (2017 estimate)
States and their capitals
Union Territories and their capitals
Literacy rate71.2%
PresidentRam Nath Kovind
List of Presidents of India Since 26 January 1950
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Complete list of Prime Ministers of India since 1947
National Anthem"Jana-Gana-Mana" (Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People)
National holiday26th January (Republic Day);
2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday);
15th August (Independence Day)
ReligionHinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism
BordersChina, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar
CurrencyIndian rupee (₹) (INR)
List of Countries, Their Currencies And Symbols
Administrative Divisions29 States and 7 Union Territories.
Life Expectancytotal population: 69.1 years
Industriestextiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, pharmaceuticals
Exports$304.1 billion (2017 est.)
petroleum products, precious stones, vehicles, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, cereals, apparel
Imports$452.2 billion (2017 est.)
crude oil, precious stones, machinery, chemicals, fertilizer, plastics, iron and steel
GDP - per capita (PPP)$7,200 (2017 est.)
Birth rate18.7 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio1.08 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Government typefederal parliamentary republic
National symbol(s)the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem; Bengal tiger; lotus flower;
National colorssaffron, white, green
Languages spokenHindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Odia 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% (CIA)
National languageThere is no national language in India
Official languagesThere are 22 official languages designated by the Constitution of India. They are:
1. Assamese, 2. Bengali, 3. Bodo, 4. Dogri,5. Gujarati, 6. Hindi, 7. Kannada, 8. Kashmiri, 9. Konkani, 10. Maithili, 11. Malayalam, 12. Manipuri, 13. Marathi, 14. Nepali, 15. Odia, 16. Punjabi, 17. Sanskrit, 18. Santali, 19. Sindhi, 20. Tamil, 21. Telugu, 22. Urdu
Terrainupland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
Coastline7,517 km encompassing the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands, and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Agricultural land60.5%
Natural resourcescoal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land
Time ZoneIST (UTC+05:30)
Internet country
Calling Code+91
Drives on theLeft
Data sources1. Central Intelligence Agency
3. Know India
4. New Delhi Airport