India Facts: 66 Interesting Facts About India

Last updated on May 5th, 2018

45. India has never hosted the Olympic Games.

46. The world’s highest battlefield (Siachin) is controlled by India.

47. Vande Mataram is India’s national song and Jana Gana Mana is its national anthem.

48. Indian Lotus is its national flower.

49. Indira Gandhi was India’s first and the only female Prime Minister till date.

50. White tigers are only found among Indian tigers.

51. The highest road is at Khardungla (Leh-Manali).

52. The largest dam is the Hirakud Dam in Orrisa.

53. NH-44 (NH-7) which turns from Varanasi to Kanyakumari is the longest highway in India.

54. Mango is India’s national fruit and Peacock is its national bird.

55. The first mining of diamonds was done in India.

56. India was the first to detect water on the Moon. India’s first Moon Satellite Chandrayaan-1 took the honor.

57. “Amar Sonar Bangla” the national anthem of Bangladesh is written by Rabindranath Tagore of Indian origin.

58. The Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is in India.

the taj mahal
One of the Seven Wonders of the World: The Taj Mahal

59. As per world banks report, there is 23% of forest area in India.

Some fun facts

60. You would be amazed to know that the concept of shampoo was first invented in India when herbs were used for strengthening hair.

61. India is the largest gold buyer in the world while the United States holds the biggest gold reserves.

62. Adolf Hitler – the dictator – was a big fan of Major Dhyanchand. He even offered him German citizenship when India defeated Germany in 1936 in the Berlin Olympic Finals.

63. Cricket is India’s most popular sport while field hockey is another sport where the countrymen excel. Did you know that the India men’s national field hockey team won six consecutive gold medals in Olympics between 1928 and 1956?

64. There is only one-time zone across all of India.

65. It is illegal to carry Indian currency, Rupee, outside of India.

66. While tea is the most popular beverage in India, the country is also its largest producer in the world.

India – country at a glance

Independence15 August 1947 (from the UK)
Capital CityNew Delhi
(28.6139° N, 77.2090° E)
Largest CityMumbai
(19.0760° N, 72.8777° E)
Area3,287,263 sq km
Population1,281,935,911 (July 2017 est.)
Most populous stateUttar Pradesh
population: 223,897,418 (2017 estimate)
States and their capitals
Union Territories and their capitals
Literacy rate71.2%
DemonymIndian
PresidentRam Nath Kovind
List of Presidents of India Since 26 January 1950
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Complete list of Prime Ministers of India since 1947
Official LanguageHindi
Languages spokenHindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% (CIA)
National Anthem"Jana-Gana-Mana" (Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People)
National holidayRepublic Day, 26 January (1950)
ReligionHinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism
BordersChina, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh
CurrencyIndian rupee (₹) (INR)
List of Countries, Their Currencies And Symbols
Life Expectancy68.8 Years (2017 estimate)
Industriestextiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, pharmaceuticals
Exports$299.3 billion (2017 est.)
petroleum products, precious stones, vehicles, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, cereals, apparel
Imports$426.8 billion (2017 est.)
crude oil, precious stones, machinery, chemicals, fertilizer, plastics, iron and steel
GDP - per capita (PPP)$7,200 (2017 est.)
Birth rate19 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratio1.12 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Government typefederal parliamentary republic
National symbol(s)the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem; Bengal tiger; lotus flower;
National colorssaffron, white, green
Terrainupland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
Agricultural land60.5%
Natural resourcescoal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land
Time ZoneIST (UTC+05:30)
Internet country code.in
Calling Code+91
Drives on theLeft
Data sourcesCIA, Wikipedia
Table last updatedApril 10, 2018