66 Interesting Facts About India

Last updated on September 9th, 2017

#41. Before the 18th century, India was one of the richest countries in the world.

#42. India has the biggest population of vegetarians in the world.

#43. Mawsynram, Meghalaya in India is the wettest place with 11871 mm of average rainfall. This village is 15 km away from Cherrapunji.

#44. India is the world’s largest importer of arms but it has never invaded or attacked any country.

#45. India has never hosted the Olympic Games.

#46. The world’s highest battlefield (Siachin) is controlled by India.

#47. Vande matram is India’s national song and Jana Gana Mana is its national anthem.

#48. Indian Lotus is its national flower.

#49. Indira Gandhi was India’s first and the only female Prime Minister till date.

#50. White tigers are only found among Indian tigers.

#51. The highest road is at Khardungla (Leh-Manali).

#52. The largest dam is the Hirakud Dam in Orrisa.

#53. NH-44 (NH-7) which turns from Varanasi to Kanyakumari is the longest highway in India.

#54. Mango is India’s national fruit and Peacock is its national bird.

#55. The first mining of diamonds was done in India.

#56. India was the first to detect water on the Moon. India’s first Moon Satellite Chandrayaan-1 took the honor.

#57. “Amar Sonar Bangla” the national anthem of Bangladesh is written by Rabindranath Tagore of Indian origin.

#58. The Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is in India.

the taj mahal
Seven Wonders of the World: The Taj Mahal

#59. As per world banks report, there is 23% of forest area in India.

Some fun facts

#60. You would be amazed to know that the concept of shampoo was first invented in India when herbs were used for strengthening hair.

##61. India is the largest gold buyer in the world while United States holds the biggest gold reserves.

#62. Adolf Hitler – the dictator – was a big fan of Major Dhyanchand. He even offered him German citizenship when India defeated Germany in 1936 in the Berlin Olympic Finals.

#63. Cricket is India’s most popular sport while field hockey is its national sport.

#64. There is only one time zone across all of India.

#65. It is illegal to carry Indian currency, Rupee, outside of India.

#66. While tea is the most popular beverage in India, the country is also its largest producer in the world.

India – country at a glance

Independence15 August 1947 (from the UK)
Capital CityNew Delhi
(28.6139° N, 77.2090° E)
Largest CityMumbai
(19.0760° N, 72.8777° E)
Area3,287,263 sq km
Population1,326,572,000 (2017 estimate)
Most populous stateUttar Pradesh
population: 223,897,418 (2017 estimate)
DemonymIndian
PresidentPranab Mukherjee
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Official LanguageHindi
Languages spokenHindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% (CIA)
National Anthem"Jana-Gana-Mana" (Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People)
ReligionHinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism
BordersChina, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh
CurrencyIndian rupee (₹) (INR)
Life Expectancy68.45 Years (2017 estimate)
Industriestextiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, pharmaceuticals
Exports$271.6 billion (2016 est.)
petroleum products, precious stones, vehicles, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, cereals, apparel
Imports$402.4 billion (2016 est.)
crude oil, precious stones, machinery, chemicals, fertilizer, plastics, iron and steel
GDP - per capita (PPP)$7,153 (2017 estimate)
Birth rate19.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Sex ratio1.08 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Government typefederal parliamentary republic
National symbol(s)the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem; Bengal tiger; lotus flower;
National colorssaffron, white, green
Terrainupland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
Agricultural land60.5%
Natural resourcescoal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land
Time ZoneIST (UTC+05:30)
Internet country code.in
Calling Code+91
Drives on theLeft
Data sourcesCIA, Wikipedia
Table last updatedMay 24, 2017

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