Last updated on September 9th, 2017
#41. Before the 18th century, India was one of the richest countries in the world.
#42. India has the biggest population of vegetarians in the world.
#43. Mawsynram, Meghalaya in India is the wettest place with 11871 mm of average rainfall. This village is 15 km away from Cherrapunji.
#44. India is the world’s largest importer of arms but it has never invaded or attacked any country.
#45. India has never hosted the Olympic Games.
#46. The world’s highest battlefield (Siachin) is controlled by India.
#47. Vande matram is India’s national song and Jana Gana Mana is its national anthem.
#48. Indian Lotus is its national flower.
#49. Indira Gandhi was India’s first and the only female Prime Minister till date.
#50. White tigers are only found among Indian tigers.
#51. The highest road is at Khardungla (Leh-Manali).
#52. The largest dam is the Hirakud Dam in Orrisa.
#53. NH-44 (NH-7) which turns from Varanasi to Kanyakumari is the longest highway in India.
#54. Mango is India’s national fruit and Peacock is its national bird.
#55. The first mining of diamonds was done in India.
#56. India was the first to detect water on the Moon. India’s first Moon Satellite Chandrayaan-1 took the honor.
#57. “Amar Sonar Bangla” the national anthem of Bangladesh is written by Rabindranath Tagore of Indian origin.
#58. The Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is in India.
#59. As per world banks report, there is 23% of forest area in India.
Some fun facts
#60. You would be amazed to know that the concept of shampoo was first invented in India when herbs were used for strengthening hair.
##61. India is the largest gold buyer in the world while United States holds the biggest gold reserves.
#62. Adolf Hitler – the dictator – was a big fan of Major Dhyanchand. He even offered him German citizenship when India defeated Germany in 1936 in the Berlin Olympic Finals.
#63. Cricket is India’s most popular sport while field hockey is its national sport.
#64. There is only one time zone across all of India.
#65. It is illegal to carry Indian currency, Rupee, outside of India.
#66. While tea is the most popular beverage in India, the country is also its largest producer in the world.
India – country at a glance
|Independence||15 August 1947 (from the UK)|
|Capital City||New Delhi |
(28.6139° N, 77.2090° E)
(19.0760° N, 72.8777° E)
|Area||3,287,263 sq km|
|Population||1,326,572,000 (2017 estimate)|
|Most populous state||Uttar Pradesh |
population: 223,897,418 (2017 estimate)
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Languages spoken||Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% (CIA)|
|National Anthem||"Jana-Gana-Mana" (Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People)|
|Religion||Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism|
|Borders||China, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh|
|Currency||Indian rupee (₹) (INR)|
|Life Expectancy||68.45 Years (2017 estimate)|
|Industries||textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, pharmaceuticals|
|Exports||$271.6 billion (2016 est.)|
petroleum products, precious stones, vehicles, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, cereals, apparel
|Imports||$402.4 billion (2016 est.)|
crude oil, precious stones, machinery, chemicals, fertilizer, plastics, iron and steel
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$7,153 (2017 estimate)|
|Birth rate||19.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)|
|Death rate||7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)|
|Sex ratio||1.08 male(s)/female (2016 est.)|
|Government type||federal parliamentary republic|
|National symbol(s)||the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem; Bengal tiger; lotus flower;|
|National colors||saffron, white, green|
|Terrain||upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north|
|Natural resources||coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land|
|Time Zone||IST (UTC+05:30)|
|Internet country code||.in|
|Drives on the||Left|
|Data sources||CIA, Wikipedia|
|Table last updated||May 24, 2017|