Last updated on November 13th, 2017
Fun facts about Chad for kids
#37. The people of Chad are called Chadian.
#38. Chad has ample reserves of gold and uranium.
#39. The Central African Franc (XAF) is the currency of Chad. It was introduced in 1945.
#40. Chad, by land area is world’s 21st largest country.
Map of Chad
#41. The country is also called “The Dead Heart of Africa” because of its closeness to the deserts.
#42. In terms of area, it is the fifth largest country in Africa.
#43. Islam arrived in the country in 1085. More than 200 ethnic groups reside in Chad.
#44. Lakes of Ounianga are a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Chad. The Lakes of Ounianga comprises a total of 18 lakes. These lakes feature different colors (blue, green, red) that vary due to the differences in their chemical compositions.
#45. The country’s highest peak – Emi Koussi, at 3,415 meters – lies in northern Chad.
#46. Zakouma National Park is Chad’s first national park and has been nominated by the Chadian government to become a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
#47. The Nile perch, one of the largest freshwater fish, is native to Lake Chad. It can reach a maximum length of up to 2 meters and weigh up to 200 kg.
#48. Albert Pahimi Padacké became the Prime Minister of Chad on February 15th, 2016.
Facts about poverty and hunger in Chad
#49. About 87% of Chad’s rural population lives below the poverty line.
#50. There were more than 400,000 severely food-insecure people living in the rural regions of Chad in 2015.
#51. Presently, Chad is home to at least 20,000 Nigerian refugees, 100,000 Central African Republic refugees and 360,000 Sudanese refugees.
#52. Only 1/3rd of the country’s adult population is literate.
#53. UNICEF estimates that 147,000 children in Chad currently suffer from Severe Acute Malnutrition.
Chad – country at a glance
|Independence||11 August 1960 (from France)|
|Total area||1.284 million sq km|
|Population||11,852,462 (July 2016 est.)|
|Official Language||Arabic and French|
|Suffrage||18 years of age; universal|
|Government type||presidential republic|
|Prime Minister||Albert Pahimi Padacké|
|Borders||Niger, Libya, the Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, and Nigeria.|
|Currency||Central African CFA franc (XAF)|
|Religion||Islam, Christianity and others.|
|Life expectancy||49.81 years(2012)|
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
|Terrain||broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south|
|Climate||tropical in south, desert in north|
|Natural resources||petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt|
|Birth rate||36.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)|
|Death rate||14 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)|
|Sex ratio||0.93 male(s)/female (2016 est.)|
|National symbol||goat (north), lion (south); national colors: blue, yellow, red|
|National anthem||"La Tchadienne" (The Chadian)|
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$2,600 (2016 est.)|
|Industries||oil, cotton textiles, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials|
|Exports||$4.053 billion (2016 est.)|
oil, livestock, cotton, sesame, gum arabic, shea butter
|Imports||$3.075 billion (2016 est.)|
machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles
|Internet country code||.td|
|Time Zone||WAT (UTC+1)|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Data sources||CIA, Wikipedia|
|Table last updated||August 31, 2017|