85 Interesting Facts About Colombia

Last updated on November 12th, 2017

Food culture in Colombia

#81. Bandeja Paisa, the de facto national meal of Colombia, is not only a meal but a mini representation of the country itself.

#82. Most of the families considered to be of middle-class eat meals that reflect Spanish and indigenous traditions. A day normally consists of a light breakfast, a bigger midday lunch, and a lighter meal in the early evening.

#83. Dinner for the middle-class normally includes fresh fruit, a main dish with fish or meat with rice or potatoes, and a homemade soup.

#84. Specialty dishes are eaten at holidays and a dish associated with the capital is known as ajiaco which is a special stew.

#85. Lower income families eat more carbohydrates that end in a sweet dessert made from panela which is a type of brown sugar

Colombia – country at a glance

Independence20 July 1810 (from Spain)
Capital CityBogotá, D.C
(4°35′N 74°4′W)
Largest CityBogotá, D.C
(4°35′N 74°4′W)
Total area1,138,910 sq km
Population47,220,856 (July 2016 est.)
Official LanguageSpanish
Government typepresidential republic
PresidentJuan Manuel Santos
Vice PresidentÓscar Naranjo
BordersBrazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.
CurrencyPeso (COP)
Life expectancy75.7 years (2016)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
National anthem"Himno Nacional de la Republica de Colombia" (National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia)
National symbolAndean condor
National colorsyellow, blue, red
Climatetropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
Terrainflat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains (Llanos)
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower
Agricultural land37.5%
Birth rate16.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Sex ratio0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Industriestextiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Exports$33.64 billion (2016 est.)
petroleum, coal, emeralds, coffee, nickel, cut flowers, bananas, apparel
Imports$47.15 billion (2016 est.)
industrial equipment, transportation equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, paper products, fuels, electricity
GDP - per capita (PPP)$14,100 (2016 est.)
Time ZoneCOT (UTC−5b)
Internet country code.co
Calling Code+57
Drives on theRight
Data sourcesCIA, Wikipedia
Table last updatedAugust 29, 2017