Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population of more than 199 million people. It is the 36th-largest country in the world in terms of area, covering 796095 sq km (307,374 sq mi.) Let’s explore more about this country with the following facts.
71 Interesting facts about Pakistan’s noted personalities, trade, infrastructure, irrigation, independence, fertile desert, talent and more…
1. Sialkot, located in Pakistan, is the world’s largest producer of hand-sewn footballs. Local factories in the region produce 40-60 million footballs a year, which is roughly 50-70% of the world’s total production.
2. Pakistan is the world’s first Islamic country to attain nuclear power.
3. Pakistan has the highest paved international road – The Karakoram Highway (KKH).
4. Pakistan has the largest canal-based irrigation system in the world.
5. Pakistan has the world’s largest ambulance network. Pakistan’s Edhi Foundation, which is also listed in the Guinness Book of World Records, operates the network.
6. The highest batting partnership formed by two players playing in their first Test matches in the sport of Cricket is 249 runs by Khalid Ibadulla (b. 20 December 1935) and Abdul Kadir (b. 1944, d. 2002) for Pakistan against Australia in Karachi, Pakistan, in the match played 24-29 October 1964.
7. Pakistan’s estimated population in 2015 was more than 191.71 million, making it the world’s sixth-most-populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of Nigeria.
8. The name Pakistan means ‘land of the pure’ in Persian and Urdu.
9. Just two people have won the Nobel Prize from Pakistan. They are: Malala Yousafzai for Peace in 2014 and Abdus Salam for Physics in 1979.
10. ‘Islamic Republic of Pakistan’ is the official name of Pakistan.
11. Karachi, the largest city of Pakistan, is its financial hub as well as home to almost 13 million people. It also has a major seaport.
12. Pakistan became independent in 1947 from the British Indian Empire.
13. The Pakistani rupee is the official currency of Pakistan.
14. Sugarcane juice is the national drink of Pakistan. In Pakistan, it is also known as “roh.”
16. Pakistan’s national language is Urdu, while its official language is English.
17. The internet is used by 21,063,037 people in Pakistan. It occupies position number 26 on the list of the top internet-using countries in the world. Nearly 11% of its population usees the Internet.
18. The ‘Khewra Salt Mine’ in Pakistan is the largest and oldest salt mine in the world.
19. Pakistan has the only fertile desert in the world – the Tharparkar desert – located in Sindh province.
20. Pakistan has the seventh-largest armed force in the world. It has 642,000 people in its army. UN peacekeeping missions are supported largely by the Pakistani army.
21. According to a survey, Pakistan has the world’s top national anthem tune.
22. Pakistanis are the fourth-most intelligent people in the world, according to poll results gathered from 125 countries by the Institute of European Business Administration.
23. The world’s seventh-largest collection of scientists and engineers is from Pakistan.
24. The world’s longest glacial system outside the polar regions – the Biafo Glacier – is in Pakistan.
25. The largest earth-filled dam in the world (and second largest by structural volume) is the ‘Tarbela Dam’ on the Indus river in Pakistan.
26. Out of the total land area in Pakistan, 25% is under agricultural cultivation. Pakistan irrigates three times more land area than Russia.
27. It is believed that the world’s largest man-made forest is in Pakistan – the Changa Manga forest (12,000 acres in area).
28. Mango is the national fruit of Pakistan, and its national flower is Jasmine.
29. The markhor is the national animal of Pakistan. Its national bird is the chukar partridge.
30. Pakistan has some of the best-trained air force pilots in the world.
31. The Shah Faisal Mosque in Pakistan can accommodate 100,000 worshipers at a time.
32. MM Alam, late Air Commodore from Pakistan, is known to have shot five planes in less than a minute.
33. Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, has a population of 919,000.
34. March 23rd is Pakistan’s Republic Day or “Pakistan Day.”
35. Almost 55% of Pakistan’s population is literate.
36. Life expectancy in Pakistan is 60 years.
37. The majority of Pakistan’s population is Muslim, amounting to 96.4%, while the rest includes Hindus and Christians.
38. The GDP of Pakistan is $884.2 billion.
39. In 1965, Pakistan had a second war with India over Kashmir. The seventeen-day war caused thousands of casualties on both sides, and also witnessed the largest tank battle since World War II.
40. Pakistan and India both claimed victory in the war of 1965, which ended after a ceasefire declaration by the intervention of the Soviet Union and the United States.
41. In 1973, Pakistan adopted a constitution for the parliamentary system of government.
42. Benazir Bhutto became the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan, and of any Muslim nation.
43. Islamic law became the law of the land in Pakistan after legislation was passed in 1991.
44. On August 31st, 2007, General Parvez Musharraf amended the constitution of Pakistan to allow himself a third term as president.
45. On November 29, 2007, Musharraf took the oath as pPresident for the third time.
46. On May 2, 2011 – Osama bin Laden was killed by U.S. special forces during a raid in Abbottabad, Pakistan. He was the leader of Al Qaeda.
47. Pakistan consumes 80.3 billion kWh (2013) of electricity, while it produces 89.88 billion kwh (2011).
48. Paksitan generates 68.5% of energy from fossil fuels, 3.3% from nuclear fuels, 28.9% from hydroelectric plants and 0.2% from other renewable sources (2013).
49. Pakistan emits 146.9 million metric tons of carbon dioxide annually (2012).
50. There were 4.9 million fixed-line and 135.8 million cellular mobile subscribers in Pakistan in 2014.
51. The internet country code for Pakistan is .pk.
52. There are 151 airports in Pakistan.
53. A total length of 7,789 km is covered by railways in Pakistan. Out of this length, 7,477 km is broad gauge, while 312 km is narrow gauge.
54. There is 259,758 km of roadway infrastructure in Pakistan, out of which 708 km is expressway.
55. Port Muhammad Bin Qasim is the major port in Karachi, Pakistan.
56. Pakistan spent 3.5% of its GDP on military expenditures in 2013.
57. Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai, Juniper Shaft cave, the Murghagull Gharra cave and Mughall saa cave are major archaeological sites in Pakistan.
58. Pakistan’s major crops include cotton, wheat, rice and sugarcane.
59. The total cropped area in Pakistan is 22.94 million hectares.
60. Textiles, cement, fertilizer, steel, sugar, electric goods and shipbuilding are the major industries in Pakistan.
61. There are: 916 hospitals, 4600 dispensaries, 113,206 registered doctors, 552 rural health centers and 6741 women’s health workers in Pakistan.
62. Allama Muhammad Iqbal is the National Poet of Pakistan.
63. Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) is the Father of the Nation of Pakistan.
64. The duration of Pakistan’s National Anthem is 80 seconds.
65. There are 51 universities and 155,000 primary schools in Pakistan.
66. K-2 (Chagori) is the highest mountain peak in Pakistan, and the second highest in the world.
67. Mamnoon Hussain is the current President of Pakistan, and Nawaz Sharif is the country’s Prime Minister.
68. A person at the age of 21 is qualified to vote in Pakistan.
69. The Supreme Court is the highest court in Pakistan.
71. Pakistan imports: machinery, electrical goods, petroleum products, transportation equipment, metals and metal products, fertilizer and foodstuffs.
Some fast facts about Pakistan
|Capital City||Islamabad (33°40′N 73°10′E)|
|Largest City||Karachi (24°51′36″N 67°00′36″E)|
|Total area||796,095 sq km|
|Population||209,715,847 (estimate 2015)|
|Borders||China, Afghanistan, Iran, India|
|Currency||Pakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)|
|Life expectancy||67.39 years(2012)|
|Climate||mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north
|Terrain||divided into three major geographic areas: the northern highlands, the Indus River plain in the center and east, and the Balochistan Plateau in the south and west
|Natural resources||arable land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
|Birth rate||22.58 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
|Death rate||6.49 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
|Sex ratio||1.06 male(s)/female (2015 est.)|
|Independence||14 August 1947 (from British India)
|National symbol||star and crescent, jasmine; national colors: green, white
|National anthem||"Qaumi Tarana" (National Anthem)|
|National anthem tune|
|Industries||textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp
|Exports||$23.67 billion (FY2015 est.)
textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sporting goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs
|Imports||$45.83 billion (FY2015 est.)
petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea
|GDP - per capita (PPP)||$5,000 (2015 est.)
|Internet country code||.pk|
|Internet users||35.835 million
percent of population: 18% (July 2015 est.)
|Time Zone||PKT (UTC+5)|
|Drives on the||Left|