66 Interesting Facts About Afghanistan

Last updated on July 26th, 2021

54. Marriage is considered an important element of one’s life in Afghanistan. Divorce is rare and is not much welcomed in society.

55. Polygamy is permissible in Afghanistan however it is rare. Many of the marriages are consummated between cousins.

56. Marriages are three-day lavish ceremonies during which a marriage contract is signed and the couple is brought together.

57. Living together in a common house is encouraged but never forced. Depending on the financial condition or personal preference, the sons of the family can live separately or with his father, mother and other siblings.

58. The total area of Afghanistan is 652,230 sq km.

59. Dari Persian and Pashto are official languages of Afghanistan.

60. Afghanistan is inhabited by – 80% Sunni Muslim, 19% Shia Muslim and 1% others.

61. Afghanistan’s national holiday is on August, 19.

62. Literacy rate in Afghanistan is 43%.

63. Noshaq (7,492 meters or 24,580 ft) is the highest point in Afghanistan.

64. Helmand is the longest river in Afghanistan.

65. Afghan rugs are very popular around the world.

66. The average life expectancy at birth in Afghanistan is 53.25 years (2021).

Afghanistan – the country at a glance

Independence19 August, 1919 (from the UK)
Capital CityKabul
(34°32′N 69°08′E)
Largest CityKabul
(34°32′N 69°08′E)
Total areatotal: 652,230 sq km
land: 652,230 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Population37,466,414 (July 2021 est.)
Population growth rate2.38% (2020 est.)
Official LanguagePashto and Dari
Languages spokenAfghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Literacy rate43%
BordersChina 91 km, Iran 921 km, Pakistan 2670 km, Tajikistan 1357 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km
Government typepresidential Islamic republic
PresidentAshraf Ghani
National AnthemPashto: Milli Surood
National holidayIndependence Day, 19 August (1919)

National symbollion
National colorsred, green, black
Life expectancy at birth53.25 years (2021 est.)
Climatearid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
Terrainmostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest
Mean elevation1,884 m
Highest pointNoshak 7,492 m
Lowest pointAmu Darya 258 m
Natural resourcesnatural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones, arable land
Agricultural land58.1%
Birth rate36.08 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate12.57 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Sex ratio1.03 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Industriessmall-scale production of bricks, textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, apparel, food products, non-alcoholic beverages, mineral water, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Exports$784 million (2017 est.)
opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems
Imports$7.616 billion (2017 est.)
machinery and other capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products
GDP - per capita (PPP)$2,065 (2019 est.)
CurrencyAfghani (AFN)
Calling Code+93
Drives on theRight
Time ZoneD† (UTC+4:30)
Internet country code.af
Table last updatedJuly 20, 2021