39 Interesting Facts About Cameroon

Last updated on February 15th, 2020

21. The Waza National Park in Cameroon is one of the most visited places in the country.

22. The Dja Faunal Reserve, founded in 1950, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 90% of the area of the reserve is left undisturbed. The area is named after The Dja River, which almost completely surrounds it.

23. Subsistence farming plays a vital role in the life of poor Cameroonians.

24. Paul Biya has been the president of Cameroon since November 6, 1982.

25. Construction of a $3.7 billion pipeline connecting the oil fields in neighboring Chad with the Cameroon coast is under way. The World Bank is also sponsoring this project.

26. The current President of the country is said to have won by unfair means in the most recent elections in 2011, which he won by taking 78% of the vote.

27. The country celebrates its national day on May 20th. On this day in 1972, Cameroonians voted for a unitary state as opposed to the existing federal state.

28. If you look attentively at a map of the country, it looks like an elongated triangle.

Cameroon on the map

29. In 1990, Cameroon became the first African country to enter the quarter-final of the FIFA World Cup.

30. Cameroon is known for its coffee, cotton, bananas, oilseeds and cocoa.

31. As per the Council on Foreign Relations of the US State Department, Cameroon has been ranked as the second most dangerous country in the world, mainly because of attacks and kidnappings orchestrated by the terrorist sect Boko Haram. The group’s name translates to “Western education is sinful.”

32. To stop the cross border incursion from Boko Haram, about 1,000 troops were stationed by the country’s government on its border with Nigeria in 2014. However, the deployment further emboldened the fundamentalist sect, and they escalated their attacks.

Cameroon facts for kids

33. In area, Cameroon is twice the size of Oregon.

34. It has a total land boundary of 5,018 km and a coastline of 402 km.

35. The country is blessed with some of the most fertile land in the world.

36. Foot ball (soccer) is the most popular sport in the country.

37. The country’s legal age for boys to marry is 18, while that for girls is 15 years.

38. Did you know that Lake Nyos emitted poisonous gases, which became the reason for the death of 1,746 villagers in Cameroon in 1986?

39. Sadly, Cameroonian footballer Patrick Ekeng died on the football field when he suffered a heart attack on May 6th, 2016 (aged 26).

Cameroon – country at a glance

Independence1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)
Capital CityYaoundé
(3°52′N 11°31′E)
Largest CityDouala
Total area475,440 sq km
Population28,524,175 (July 2021 est.)
DemonymCameroonian
Literacytotal population: 77.1%
Suffrage20 years of age; universal
Official LanguageFrench and English
Government typepresidential republic
PresidentPaul Biya
Prime MinisterJoseph Ngute
National anthem"O Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancetres" (O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers)
National symbolslion
National colorsgreen, red, yellow
BordersNigeria, Chad, the Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, the Republic of the Congo.
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc (XAF)
ReligionChristianity and Islam
Life expectancy at birth62.79 Years (2021)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Climatevaries with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north
Terraindiverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north
Mean elevation667 m
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest pointFako on Mont Cameroun 4,045 m
Natural resourcespetroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower
Agricultural land20.6%
Birth rate`35.91 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate7.93 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Sex ratio0.993 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$3,600 (2020 est.)
Industriespetroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair
Exports$7.73 billion (2019 est.)
crude petroleum, cocoa beans, lumber, gold, natural gas, bananas (2019)
Imports$9.09 billion (2019 est.)
crude petroleum, scrap vessels, rice, special purpose ships, packaged medicines (2019)
Time ZoneWAT (UTC+1)
Internet country code.cm
Calling Code+237
Drives on theRight
Table last updatedNovember 23, 2021