35 Important Facts About Colorado That You Should Know

Last updated on August 11th, 2019

33. Colorado is also one of the world’s largest molybdenum producers (a chemical element with symbol Mo and atomic number 42). It also helped the United States became the second largest producer of the element after China. Molybdenum has the sixth-highest melting point of any element.[17,18]

34. Colorado’s Mount Evans Scenic Byway is the highest paved road in North America.[22]

35. The state has fresh and powdery snow that attracts millions of skiers and snowboarders to its slopes each year. Tourism is a huge industry in the state attracting billions of dollars in revenue every year.[24]

Colorado – Quick Facts and State Symbols

State AbbreviationCO
NoteClick on the previous/next link below to see more table entries.
State CapitalDenver
Largest CityDenver
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 104,094 sq miles; Land Only: 103,718 sq miles
(Estimate July 1, 2018 from United States Census Bureau)
StatehoodAugust 1, 1876
State rank by population21st
State rank by date of formation38th
State rank by area8th
Number of Counties64
Complete list of 50 states and number of counties in each
Bordering StatesArizona, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming
Official LanguageNone
Highest PointMount Elbert in Lake County
Lowest pointArikaree River at the Kansas border
3,317 ft (1011 m)
Mean elevation6,800 feet above sea level
Length 280 miles (450 km)
Width380 miles (610 km)
GovernorJared Polis (D)
Lieutenant GovernorDianne Primavera (D)
Electoral Votes9
State MottoNil sine numine (Nothing without the Deity)
State NicknameCentennial State
% Water0.36%
Nobel Prize WinnersEdward Tatum (Physiology or Medicine, 1958)
Willard F. Libby (Chemistry, 1960)
John L. Hall (Physics, 2005)
Famous peopleDutch Clark (Pro Football player)
Rich Gossage (Baseball player)
AnnaSophia Robb
State Flag

Flag of Colorado designed by Andrew Carlisle Carson.svg

State seal

Seal of Colorado.svg

State coat of arms

Colorado state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876).jpg

State quarter

Colorado quarter

ReptileWestern painted turtle

Painted turtle.jpg

State FossilStegosaurus

Stegosaurus BW.jpg

AmphibianWestern tiger salamander

Ambystoma mavortium 2006.jpg

State fishGreenback cutthroat trout


State mammalRocky Mountain bighorn sheep

Bighorn ram full curl.jpg

State BirdLark bunting

IMG 7043 lark bunting.jpg

PetColorado shelter pets

Black cat Animal Rescue GalawebDesign.jpg


Aquamarin cut.jpg


The Searchlight Rhodochrosite Crystal.jpg

CactusClaret cup cactus

Echinocereus triglochidiatusUGA0807034.jpg

State Flower

Columbine Arapahoe Pass Trail Boulder County Colorado.jpg

State TreeColorado blue spruce

Picea pungens USDA1.jpg

State Insect
Colorado hairstreak butterfly

Colorado Hairstreak, MM.JPG

Longitude102°03'W to 109°03'W
Latitude37°N to 41°N
Time ZoneMountain Time Zone
Area Codes303,719,720,970
Table last updated13 May, 2019