50 Interesting Facts About Ghana

Last updated on October 30th, 2022

Poverty in Ghana

31. Ghana struggles with poverty in the region due to its high population rate.

32. Most of the people living in the southern part of the country are considered rich than those in the North.

33. Overall poverty rates are declining in Ghana as compared to other countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa. Thus the country is considered to be the leading nation in Africa pin meeting the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals).

34. Agriculture is the major employer in the country thus most people are found farming their lands translating to high poverty rates.

35. However, the country struggles to be a middle income earning country due to its long political stability in the region.

About the economy and geography

36. The rate of economic growth has improved in 2021 as compared to that in the previous year.

Ghana on the map

37. The government has been involved in finding measures to restore sanity in the markets with more efforts on regulating, borrowing locally than abroad though the efforts are characterized by uncertainty.

38. Starting a business in Ghana has been made easy with the little bureaucracy involved and regulated business freedom.

39. The Ghanaian government is committed to removing all taxes on fuel among other subsidies in a bid to cushion marketing and other business minded people.

40. Foreigners are encouraged to invest in the country provided they are legally registered with the government.

41. Ghana is a West African country located in the Gulf of Guinea (see below.)

Ghana's location in Gulf of Guinea
Ghana’s location in the Gulf of Guinea.

42. The country borders Burkina Faso to the North, Togo to the East and the Atlantic Ocean is to the South.

43. In comparison, Ghana covers an area which is slightly smaller than Oregon.

44. The capital City of Ghana is Accra which has a population of approximately 32,103,042 people (2022 est.)

45. The main Cash crop grown in Ghana is Cocoa.

Ghanaian local musicians play the traditional African music with the drums in Ghana
Ghanaian local musicians play the traditional African music with the drums in Ghana. Photo © Siempreverde22

Food and music in Ghana

46. Most of the Ghanaian foods are traditional reflective of the country’s history as well as agriculture.

47. The delicacy for most people is boiled cassava, plantains, and yams which are rolled into balls commonly known as fufu.

48. Most, if not all dishes in Ghana are spiced up mainly with chilies and red peppers.

49. Ghana boasts of having the largest open-air market in West Africa located in Kumasi where people go to buy clothes, fabric as well as garments.

50. Ghanaians celebrate a dancing festival held annually and most of their celebrities are known globally as not allowing their wealth or even statuses affect their daily living.

About the flag of Ghana

Flag of Ghana
Flag of Ghana. (Note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band.)

1. Design and Symbolism

Ghana is a populous West African country along the Atlantic coast. The flag of Ghana has three horizontal stripes of Pan-African colors: red, gold, and green. These first appeared on the flag of Ethiopia, but in reverse order. Other states soon followed their lead.

Red represents love for the country. It also points to the blood spilled for the independence movement. Gold stands for abundant mineral resources, and green signifies the rich forests and fertile farms. Ghana is a leading producer of cocoa, shea butter, timber, and food crops.

The star represents African emancipation. It comes from the flag of the Black Star Line, a shipping company that helped former slaves return to the continent from 1919 to 1922. The Jamaican political activist Marcus Garvey spearheaded the project. He wanted to improve the lives of black people, unite Africa, and end colonialism.

2. Adoption

Ghana adopted the flag on March 6, 1957, just as the country gained its independence. The artist Theodosia Okoh made the design. The government switched to a different banner in 1959 but reverted to Miss Okoh’s creation on February 28, 1966.

3. Technical Details

The flag dimensions have a ratio of 2:3. The colors have HEX values of CF0921 for red, FCD20F for gold, 006B3D for green, and 000000 for black.

According to the construction sheet, the star spans the full height of the golden band. It touches the edges of the red and green bars.

4. History

The Portuguese were first to arrive in 1471, followed by the British, Dutch, and Danes. Gold and slave trading flourished, thus the regional name of “Gold Coast.” After the slavery ban in the early 1800s, the economy collapsed, and the British took over. The Blue Ensign of the UK became the flag of the colony.

The African population was voiceless under the colonial government. In 1947, locals formed the United Gold Coast Convention and later the Convention People’s Party to campaign for Ghanian Independence.

In 1952, Kwame Nkrumah became the Prime Minister of the Gold Coast. Upon independence in 1957, its name changed to Ghana. It means “strong warrior king.” It is also the name of a former African empire that dominated the region from 300 to 1200 AD.

When it was time to make a national flag, Theodosia Okoh answered the call. She was an artist with international exhibits under her belt. She was also a chairperson of the Ghana Hockey Association and a patron of the Sports Writers Association of Ghana.

5. Flag Facts

The flag of Ghana is nearly identical to the flag of Bolivia, except for the presence of the star. The African nation also uses darker shades for its stripes.

The Ghanaian national football team is called the “Black Stars,” taken from the flag design and the iconic shipping line. Their current 2022 kits display the star prominently on the chest.

Ghana formed the Union of African States, with Guinea and Mali joining from 1958 to 1963. The organization modified the Ghanaian flag, including three stars to represent all members.

Ghana – country at a glance

IndependenceMarch 06, 1957 (from Britain)
Capital CityAccra
(5°33′N 0°12′W)
Largest CityAccra
(5°33′N 0°12′W)
Areatotal: 238,533 sq km

land: 227,533 sq km

water: 11,000 sq km
Population33,107,275 (2022 est.)
Official LanguageEnglish
Languages spokenAkuapem Twi, Asante Twi, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Fante, Nzema, Wasa, Talensi, Frafra
Literacy ratetotal population: 76.6%
ReligionChristianity, Islam and others
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
BordersCôte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso and Togo
CurrencyGhana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Government typepresidential republic
PresidentNana Akufo-Addo
Vice PresidentMahamudu Bawumia
Life expectancy at birth69.01 years (2021)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Climatetropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
Terrainmostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area
Mean elevation190 m
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest pointMount Afadjato 885 m
Natural resourcesgold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Agricultural land69.1%
National AnthemGod Bless Our Homeland Ghana
National holidayIndependence Day, 6 March (1957)
National symbolblack star, golden eagle
National colorsred, yellow, green, black
Birth rate28.55 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate6.14 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Sex ratio0.95 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
Industries mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building, petroleum
GDP - per capita (PPP)$5,300 (2020 est.)
Exports$25.59 billion (2019 est.)
gold, crude petroleum, cocoa products, manganese, cashews (2019)
Imports$26.91 billion (2019 est.)
metal tubing, ships, cars, refined petroleum, rice (2019)
Internet country code.gh
Time ZoneGMT (UTC+0)
Calling Code+233
Drives on theRight
Table last updated July 25, 2022