50 Interesting Facts About Ghana

Last updated on February 15th, 2020

Poverty in Ghana

31. Ghana struggles with poverty in the region due to its high population rate.

32. Most of the people living in the southern part of the country are considered rich than those in the North.

33. Overall poverty rates are declining in Ghana as compared to other countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa. Thus the country is considered to be the leading nation in Africa pin meeting the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals).

34. Agriculture is the major employer in the country thus most people are found farming their lands translating to high poverty rates.

35. However, the country struggles to be a middle income earning country due to its long political stability in the region.

About the economy and geography

36. The rate of economic growth has been sluggish due to inflation in the past two years.

Ghana on the map

37. The government has been involved in finding measures to restore sanity in the markets with more efforts on regulating, borrowing locally than abroad though the efforts are characterized by uncertainty.

38. Starting a business in Ghana has been made easy with the little bureaucracy involved and regulated business freedom.

39. The Ghanaian government is committed to removing all taxes on fuel among other subsidies in a bid to cushion marketing and other business minded people.

40. Foreigners are encouraged to invest in the country provided they are legally registered with the government.

41. Ghana is a West African country located in the Gulf of Guinea (see below.)

Ghana's location in Gulf of Guinea
Ghana’s location in the Gulf of Guinea.

42. The country borders Burkina Faso to the North, Togo to the East and the Atlantic Ocean is to the South.

43. In comparison, Ghana covers an area which is slightly smaller than Oregon.

44. The capital City of Ghana is Accra which has a population of approximately 2.273 million people (2015 est.)

45. The main Cash crop grown in Ghana is Cocoa.

Food and music in Ghana

46. Most of the Ghanaian foods are traditional reflective of the country’s history as well as agriculture.

47. The delicacy for most people is boiled cassava, plantains, and yams which are rolled into balls commonly known as fufu.

48. Most, if not all dishes in Ghana are spiced up mainly with chilies and red peppers.

49. Ghana boasts of having the largest open-air market in West Africa located in Kumasi where people go to buy clothes, fabric as well as garments.

50. Ghanaians celebrate a dancing festival held annually and most of their celebrities are known globally as not allowing their wealth or even statuses affect their daily living.

Ghana – country at a glance

IndependenceMarch 06, 1957 (from Britain)
Capital CityAccra
(5°33′N 0°12′W)
Largest CityAccra
(5°33′N 0°12′W)
Total area238,533 sq km
Population29,340,248 (July 2020 est.)
Official LanguageEnglish
Languages spokenAkuapem Twi, Asante Twi, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Fante, Nzema, Wasa, Talensi, Frafra
Literacy ratetotal population: 76.6%
ReligionChristianity, Islam and others
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
BordersCôte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso and Togo
CurrencyGhana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Government typepresidential republic
PresidentNana Akufo-Addo
Vice PresidentMahamudu Bawumia
Life expectancy at birth68.2 years (2020)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Climatetropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
Terrainmostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area
Mean elevation190 m
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest pointMount Afadjato 885 m
Natural resourcesgold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Agricultural land69.1%
National AnthemGod Bless Our Homeland Ghana
National holidayIndependence Day, 6 March (1957)
National symbolblack star, golden eagle
National colorsred, yellow, green, black
Birth rate29.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio0.97 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Industriesmining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building, petroleum
GDP - per capita (PPP)$4,700 (2017 est.)
Exports$13.84 billion (2017 est.)
oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products
Imports$12.65 billion (2017 est.)
capital equipment, refined petroleum, foodstuffs
Internet country code.gh
Time ZoneGMT (UTC+0)
Calling Code+233
Drives on theRight
Table last updatedMarch 30, 2020