89 Interesting Facts About India

Last updated on October 28th, 2020

55. Benaras, now known as Varanasi is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. Buddha had also visited it.

Nicknames of popular Indian cities

CityNick Name(s)
New DelhiCity of Rallies
Mumbai1. City of Dreams
2. Hollywood of India
3. Gateway of India
4. Maya Nagri
5. City of Seven Islands
6. Financial Capital of India
Chennai1. Detroit of Asia
2. Health Capital of India
3. Auto Hub of India
4. Gateway of South India
Kolkata1. City of Joy
2. Cultural Capital of India
3. City of Palaces
4. Heaven of the Aged
5. Gateway of Eastern India
Hyderabad1. City of Nizams
2. City of Pearls
3. HITECH City
4. World Capital of Biryani
Ahmedabad1. Boston of India
2. Menchester of India
AsansolLand of Black Diamonds
Jaipur1. Pink City
2. City of Palaces
3. Paris of India
KashmirSwitzerland of India
Kollam1. Cashew Capital of the World
2. Prince of Arabian sea
3. Gateway to Backwaters
Madurai1. City of Four Junctions
2. Sleepless City
3. City of Festivals
4. Athens of the East
5. Temple city
SrinagarCity of Lakes
Varanasi1. Spiritual capital of India
2. City of Lights
3. City of Temples
4. Oldest living city on Earth
5. Holy City
Nasik1. Wine Capital of India
2. California of India
3. Grape city of India
Surat1. City Of Diamonds
2. Textile city Of India
ZunhebotoLand Of Warriors
ShillongScotland of East
NagpurOrange City

56. India has the world’s largest attended events. The biggest of which is ‘Kumbha Mela’ of 2001 – attended by 60 million people and was seen from space.

57. India has the world’s highest cricket ground which is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. It is 2444 meters above sea level and was built in 1983.

58. More than 54 crore people voted in 2014 general elections. This is more than the entire population of the U.S., U.K., Japan, and Australia combined.

59. Indian railway employs more than a million people, making it the largest employers in the world. Indian Railways has world’s 4th longest rail network.

A locomotive from the Indian Railways.
A locomotive from the Indian Railways. Interesting facts about India.

Facts about Indian history, famous places and more.

60. There is a lake built in India due to the impact of a meteor. It is the ‘Lonar Lake’ in Maharashtra.

61. The British Raj, or British rule, lasted from 1858 to 1947.

62. The Brihadeswara Temple is situated in Tamil Nadu is the first granite temple of the world. It was built in just five years during the 11th century.

63. Another interesting fact about India is that before the 18th century, India was one of the richest countries in the world.

64. India has the biggest population of vegetarians in the world.

65. Mawsynram, Meghalaya in India is the wettest place with 11871 mm of average rainfall. This village is 15 km away from Cherrapunji.

66. India is the world’s largest importer of arms but it has never invaded or attacked any country.

67. India has never hosted the Olympic Games.

68. The world’s highest battlefield (Siachin) is controlled by India.

69. Vande Mataram is India’s national song and Jana Gana Mana is its national anthem.

70. Indian Lotus is its national flower.

71. Indira Gandhi was India’s first and the only female Prime Minister till date.

72. White tigers are only found among Indian tigers.

73. The highest road is at Khardungla (Leh-Manali).

74. The largest dam is the Hirakud Dam in Orrisa.

75. NH-44 (NH-7) which turns from Varanasi to Kanyakumari is the longest highway in India.

76. The highest award in the country is Bharat Ratna.

Alphonso mango
Alphonso mango from Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India.

77. Mango is India’s national fruit and Peacock is its national bird.

78. The first mining of diamonds was done in India.

79. India was the first to detect water on the Moon. India’s first Moon Satellite Chandrayaan-1 took the honor.

80. “Amar Sonar Bangla” the national anthem of Bangladesh is written by Rabindranath Tagore of Indian origin.

81. The Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is in India.

The Taj Mahal. Interesting facts about India.
One of the Seven Wonders of the World – The Taj Mahal

Some fun facts about India

82. As per a report from the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, forest and tree cover is about 24.56% of the total geographical area of the country.

83. You would be amazed to know that the concept of shampoo was first invented in India when herbs were used for strengthening hair.

84. India is the largest gold buyer in the world while the United States holds the biggest gold reserves.

85. Adolf Hitler – the dictator – was a big fan of Major Dhyanchand. He even offered him German citizenship when India defeated Germany in 1936 in the Berlin Olympic Finals.

86. Cricket is India’s most popular sport while field hockey is another sport where the countrymen excel. Did you know that the India men’s national field hockey team won six consecutive gold medals in the Olympics between 1928 and 1956?

87. There is only one time zone across all of India.

88. It is illegal to carry Indian currency, Rupee, outside of India.

 IndianAsian drink Masala Chai or Spicy tea with all the ingredients including sugar on a wooden surface.
Indian Asian drink Masala Chai or Spicy tea with all the ingredients including sugar. Interesting facts about India.

89. While tea is the most popular beverage in India, the country is also its largest producer in the world.

India – country at a glance

Country NameRepublic of India; Bharat Ganrajya
Independence15 August 1947 (from the UK)
ConstitutionThe Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950.
Capital CityNew Delhi
(28.6139° N, 77.2090° E)
Largest CityMumbai
(19.0760° N, 72.8777° E)
Area3,287,263 sq km
Population1,326,093,247 (July 2020 est.)
Most populous stateUttar Pradesh.
Population: 223,897,418 (2017 estimate)
States and their capitals
Union Territories and their capitals
Literacy rate74.4%
DemonymIndian
PresidentRam Nath Kovind
List of Presidents of India Since 26 January 1950
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Complete list of Prime Ministers of India since 1947
National Anthem"Jana-Gana-Mana" (Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People)
National holidays26th January (Republic Day),
2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti, Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday),
15th August (Independence Day)
ReligionHinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism
BordersLand borders: China, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
Maritime borers: Sri Lanka, Thailand, Maldives and Indonesia.
Land Frontier15,200 km (9,445 mi)
Total Coast Line of India7516.6 km (4,671 mi), encompassing the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands, and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Length from North to South3,214 km (1,997 mi)
Length from East to West2,933 km (1,822 mi)
CurrencyIndian rupee (₹) (INR)
List of Countries, Their Currencies And Symbols
Administrative Divisions28 States and 8 Union Territories.
Government typefederal parliamentary republic
National symbol(s)The Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem; Bengal tiger; lotus flower.
National colorssaffron, white, green
Languages spokenHindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Odia 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% (CIA)
National languageThere is no national language in India
Official languagesThere are 22 official languages designated by the Constitution of India. They are:
1. Assamese, 2. Bengali, 3. Bodo, 4. Dogri,5. Gujarati, 6. Hindi, 7. Kannada, 8. Kashmiri, 9. Konkani, 10. Maithili, 11. Malayalam, 12. Manipuri, 13. Marathi, 14. Nepali, 15. Odia, 16. Punjabi, 17. Sanskrit, 18. Santali, 19. Sindhi, 20. Tamil, 21. Telugu, 22. Urdu
Terrainupland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
Mean elevation160 m
Lowest pointIndian Ocean 0 m
Highest pointKanchenjunga 8,586 m
Important MountainsHimalaya, Karakoram Range, Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats, Satpura and Aravalli Hills
Important RiversGanges, Krishna, Kaveri, Brahmaputra, Indus, Mahanadi, Godavari, Luni, Yamuna, Narmada, Sutlej, Gandaki, Koshi and Jhelum
Agricultural land60.5%
Natural resourcescoal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land
Life Expectancytotal population: 69.7 years
Industriestextiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, pharmaceuticals
Exports$304.1 billion (2017 est.)
petroleum products, precious stones, vehicles, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, cereals, apparel
Imports$452.2 billion (2017 est.)
crude oil, precious stones, machinery, chemicals, fertilizer, plastics, iron and steel
GDP - per capita (PPP)$7,200 (2017 est.)
Birth rate18.2 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio1.079 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Internet country code.in
Calling Code+91
Drives on theLeft
Time ZoneIST (UTC+05:30)
Table last updatedMarch 29, 2020.