53 Interesting Facts About Chad

Last updated on March 20th, 2020

Fun facts about Chad for kids

37. The people of Chad are called Chadian.

38. Chad has ample reserves of gold and uranium.

39. The Central African Franc (XAF) is the currency of Chad. It was introduced in 1945.

40. Chad, by land area is world’s 21st largest country.

41. The country is also called “The Dead Heart of Africa” because of its closeness to the deserts.

42. In terms of area, it is the fifth largest country in Africa.

43. Islam arrived in the country in 1085. More than 200 ethnic groups reside in Chad.

44. Lakes of Ounianga are a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Chad. The Lakes of Ounianga comprises a total of 18 lakes. These lakes feature different colors (blue, green, red) that vary due to the differences in their chemical compositions.

45. The country’s highest peak – Emi Koussi, at 3,415 meters – lies in northern Chad.

Elephant herd walking towards waterhole to drink in Zakouma National Park, Chad.

46. Zakouma National Park is Chad’s first national park and has been nominated by the Chadian government to become a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

47. The Nile perch, one of the largest freshwater fish, is native to Lake Chad. It can reach a maximum length of up to 2 meters and weigh up to 200 kg.

48. Albert Pahimi Padacké became the Prime Minister of Chad on February 15th, 2016.

Facts about poverty and hunger in Chad

49. About 87% of Chad’s rural population lives below the poverty line. 

50. There were more than 400,000 severely food-insecure people living in the rural regions of Chad in 2015.

51. Presently, Chad is home to at least 20,000 Nigerian refugees, 100,000 Central African Republic refugees and 360,000 Sudanese refugees.

52. Only 1/3rd of the country’s adult population is literate. 

53. UNICEF estimates that 147,000 children in Chad currently suffer from Severe Acute Malnutrition.

Chad – the country at a glance

Independence11 August 1960 (from France)
Capital CityN'Djamena
(12°06′N 16°02′E)
Largest CityN'Djamena
(12°06′N 16°02′E)
Total area1.284 million sq km
Population16,877,357 (July 2020 est.)
Official LanguageArabic and French
Literacytotal population: 22.3%
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Government typepresidential republic
PresidentIdriss Déby
BordersNiger, Libya, the Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, and Nigeria.
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc (XAF)
ReligionIslam, Christianity and others.
Life expectancy at birth58.3 years (2018)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Terrainbroad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south
Mean elevation543 m
Lowest pointDjourab 160 m
Highest pointEmi Koussi 3,445 m
Climatetropical in south, desert in north
Natural resourcespetroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
Agricultural land39.6%
Birth rate41.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate10 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio0.98 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
National symbolgoat (north), lion (south); national colors: blue, yellow, red
National anthem"La Tchadienne" (The Chadian)
Industriesoil, cotton textiles, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials
Exports$2.464 billion (2017 est.)
oil, livestock, cotton, sesame, gum arabic, shea butter
Imports$2.16 billion (2017 est.)
machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles
GDP - per capita (PPP)$2,300 (2017 est.)
Internet country code.td
Time ZoneWAT (UTC+1)
Calling Code+235
Drives on theRight
Table last updatedMarch 24, 2020