85 Interesting Facts About Colombia

Last updated on February 15th, 2020

Food culture in Colombia

81. Bandeja Paisa, the de facto national meal of Colombia, is not only a meal but a mini representation of the country itself.

Bandeja Paisa, Colombia
Image via Flickr

82. Most of the families considered to be of middle-class eat meals that reflect Spanish and indigenous traditions. A day normally consists of a light breakfast, a bigger midday lunch, and a lighter meal in the early evening.

83. Dinner for the middle-class normally includes fresh fruit, a main dish with fish or meat with rice or potatoes, and a homemade soup.

84. Specialty dishes are eaten at holidays and a dish associated with the capital is known as ajiaco which is a special stew.

85. Lower income families eat more carbohydrates that end in a sweet dessert made from panela which is a type of brown sugar

Colombia – country at a glance

Independence20 July 1810 (from Spain)
Table last updatedMay 26, 2019
Capital CityBogotá, D.C
(4°35′N 74°4′W)
Largest CityBogotá, D.C
(4°35′N 74°4′W)
Total area1,138,910 sq km
Population48,168,996 (July 2018 est.)
Population growth rate0.97% (2018 est.)
Literacy ratetotal population: 94.7%
Official LanguageSpanish
Government typepresidential republic
PresidentIván Duque
Vice PresidentMarta Lucía Ramírez
BordersBrazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.
CurrencyPeso (COP)
Life expectancy at birth76.2 years (2018)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
National anthem"Himno Nacional de la Republica de Colombia" (National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia)
National symbolAndean condor
National colorsyellow, blue, red
Climatetropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
Terrainflat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains (Llanos)
Mean elevation593 m
Lowest pointPacific Ocean 0 m
Highest pointPico Cristobal Colon 5,730 m
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower
Agricultural land37.5%
Birth rate15.8 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate5.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Industriestextiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Exports$39.48 billion (2017 est.)
petroleum, coal, emeralds, coffee, nickel, cut flowers, bananas, apparel
Imports$44.24 billion (2017 est.)
industrial equipment, transportation equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, paper products, fuels, electricity
GDP - per capita (PPP)$14,400 (2017 est.)
Time ZoneCOT (UTC−5b)
Internet country code.co
Calling Code+57
Drives on theRight
Data sources1. Central Intelligence Agency
2. Wikipedia.org