Last updated on February 7th, 2023
37. Oregon City marks the final stop for the wagons that traversed the Oregon trail. The historic trail began in Independence, Missouri and ended in this city. Today, there is an Interpretive Center in the city that offers tourists an interactive display of how life was like then as a pioneer.
38. Medford has a volcano called Roxy Ann Peak. It was named after Roxy Ann Bowen, a settler who once lived at the base of the peak. Roxy Ann Peak is over 3,500 feet tall. It is about 30 million years old and is dormant. It was settled by the Latgawa tribe about 8,000 years ago.
39. Astoria was named after John Jacob Astor, who established the city in 1810. The city is a favorite setting for Hollywood films, a relationship that began with the 1908 movie The Fisherman’s Bride. Beloved classics Short Circuit, Free Willy, Free Willy II, The Ring Two, and Into the Wild were also filmed here.
40. The city of Springfield was named after a spring in a field found within its boundaries. It is also the inspiration for the fictional city of Springfield in The Simpsons. Matt Groening, who created the cartoon, is from Portland and considered using the name because it was a common city name in the U.S.
41. Beaverton was originally settled in by the Atfalati natives, who named it Chakeipi, which means “place of the beavers”. The settlement was close to a body of water where beavers built their dams. Its early Anglicized name was Beaverdam.
42. Corvallis was named by Joseph C. Avery who made a land claim next to Marys River. After surveying a townsite on his claim, Avery named the community Marysville, thought to be in homage to the Virgin Mary. Since Marysville was already the name of a town in California, the name was eventually changed into Corvallis – a compound of the Latin words “cor” (heart) and “vallis” (valley).
43. The modern toilet paper with its perforated squares rolled into… well, a roll, was invented in Albany. There is some dispute over this, but a man named Seth Wheeler had a perforated wrapping paper wrapped around a tube patented in 1871. So we have a man from Albany to thank for the TP we know today.
44. Ashland’s history is closely bound to the history of the American railroad. The railroad is the reason why local livestock, milling, manufacturing, and orchard industries thrived in the 1880s onward. Ashland was right in the middle of freight and passenger transport between Portland and San Francisco. December 17, 1887 witnessed the driving of a golden spike to mark the full circle of the railroad system that runs around the United States.
45. Thor’s Well refers to a wide natural sinkhole that earned the nickname “drainpipe of the Pacific” because water that crashes into the rock that encloses it seems to disappear. To see the site at its most spectacular, come at high tide when ocean waves wash over the hole and disappear. Thor’s Well is near Cape Perpetua.
46. Painted Hills is a famous site in Wheeler County. This striking geologic formation is the result of time and Nature working together. The color of the hills formed due to the formation of layers upon layers of mudflows and volcanic ash deposits. The process took about 55 million years.
47. The Hat Museum refers to the Ladd-Reingold House which was built in 1910. The home was owned by a Russian milliner named Rebecca Reingold. The house is not just a quirky tourist stop because of its collection of hats, it is also famous for its quirkier design. It features secret hiding places, a dumbwaiter, pocket doors, and even upside-down doors. In the 70s, the house passed on to a new owner named Alyce Cornyn-Selby who became its curator.
48. You don’t need a golden ticket to find the Chocolate Waterfall – you only need to go to the Candy Basket in Portland. The waterfall is made of real chocolate. Built in 1991, the waterfall stands at 21 feet and is made from sculpted bronze and Italian marble. It circulates about 2,700 lbs. of liquid chocolate. It is not edible, however. The chocolate is several years old and exposed to the air and everyone who comes to visit the shop.
49. The Evergreen Aviation and Space Museum houses many famous aircraft but its most famous is the Spruce Goose. This is the fourth aircraft that was produced by the Hughes Corporation, designed by Henry Kaiser and Howard Hughes. The Spruce Goose is made of plywood (not spruce) and is designed as a seaplane.
50. The Civil Defense Center was built 30 ft. under Kelly Butte in 1952. It was a bunker that played close to the heart of the government and the American people’s trepidation about nuclear power. The center occupies 20,000 sq. ft. and could house the different branches of local government, a military liaison, and even hospitals. The thick, reinforced concrete was meant to withstand a strong explosion.
About the Flag of Oregon
1. Design and Symbolism
The flag of Oregon is a two-sided banner with a navy-blue field and gold markings. The front contains the emblem from the state seal, while the reverse has a golden beaver.
On top of the emblem, you will see the words “State of Oregon.” Below it is “1859,” which is the year of its admission into the Union. It is the 33rd state of the US, hence the 33 stars around the shield.
An eagle spreads its wings above a shield while its talons hold an olive branch and arrows, just like the bald eagle in the US seal. The shield depicts a covered wagon, an elk, mountains, and the Pacific Ocean. A British ship exits the scene while a US steamer enters, signifying the end of British rule.
Below the wagon is a banner inscribed with “The Union.” You will see a plow, sheaf, and pickaxe — tools in early industries such as mining and farming.
The American beaver is Oregon’s state animal. It often serves as the mascot of sports teams like the Portland Beavers and the Oregon State Beavers. Oregon is commonly known as “The Beaver State.”
Oregon officially adopted the current flag on February 16, 1925, making it one of the last states to create a banner.
3. Technical Details
The Oregon flag has a ratio of 3:5. It has an optional gold fringe, typically seen during parades. The golden border is not a requirement for general use.
In 1857, Harvey Gordon designed the Oregon seal with the shield and eagle. It was in preparation for statehood which came two years later.
In 1925, the postmaster of Portland needed a flag for a US Post Office project. The Oregon state legislature made one based on the design of a previous military flag that included the seal.
By February 26, Gov. Walter Pierce signed the bill adopting the flag. Adjutant-General George White asked the local Meier & Frank Department Store to create the first flag using the proposed design.
The seamstresses Marjorie Kennedy and Blanche Cox worked on the project. They finished it in time for the festivities during the anniversary of the Battle of Lexington on April 15, 1925.
5. Flag Facts
The original Harvey Gordon design did not have an elk. The committee appointed by the Oregon Constitutional Convention added the animal.
Only 32 stars were present in the initial draft of the seal because Oregon anticipated being the 32nd state of the Union. However, Minnesota became a state in 1858 and pushed them to 33rd. The Oregon Legislative Assembly had to add another star.
The Oregon flag is the only state flag with different designs on the front and back, just as Paraguay is the only country to have a national flag with a different design on each side. It used to be a popular feature, but the rising cost and complexity of manufacturing made it impractical for many.
6. New Flag Proposals
Oregon celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2009. A newspaper called The Oregonian held a design contest for a new state flag. People could choose from ten entries and an 11th option to pick “NONE OF THE ABOVE.” The entry of Randall Gray got the most votes among the entries, but “NONE” had the highest number of votes overall, effectively showing that people want to keep the current flag.
In 2013, state senator Laurie Anderson proposed multiple changes, including a two-color field of blue and gold, a white star, and a single pattern for both sides. The bill did not make it out of the committee, so the old flag remains.
Oregon – quick facts and state symbols
List Of 50 U.S. States And Their Capital
|State Size||Total (Land + Water): 98,381 sq miles; Land Only: 95,997 sq miles|
(Estimate July 1, 2022 from United States Census Bureau)
|Statehood||February 14, 1859
|State rank by population||27th|
|State rank by date of formation||33rd|
|State rank by area||9th|
|Number of Counties||36
Complete list of 50 states and number of counties in each
|Bordering States||California, Idaho, Nevada, Washington|
|Highest Point||Mount Hood
11,249 ft (3,428.8 m)
|Lowest point||Pacific Ocean
|Mean elevation||3,300 feet above seal level|
|Length||360 miles (580 km)
|Width||400 miles (640 km)
|Governor||Tina Kotek (D)|
|Secretary of State||Shemia Fagan (D)|
|State Motto||Alis volat propriis (She flies with her own wings)|
|State Nickname||Beaver State
|Noble prize winners||Linus Pauling (Chemistry, 1954)
Linus Pauling (Peace, 1962)
Carl Wieman (Physics, 2001)
Dale T. Mortensen (Economic Sciences, 2010)
|Famous people||Dave Wilcox (Pro Football player)
Lauren Gale (Basketball player)
|State Bird||Western meadowlark|
|State Butterfly||Oregon Swallowtail Butterfly|
|State Crustacean||Dungeness crab|
|State fish||Chinook salmon|
|State Gemstone||Oregon sunstone|
|State Insect||Honey bee|
|State Microbe||Brewer's yeast|
|State mineral||Oregonite & Josephinite|
|State Mushroom||Pacific golden chanterelle|
|State Seashell||Oregon hairy triton|
|Longitude||116° 28′ W to 124° 38′ W
|Latitude||42° N to 46° 18′ N
|Time Zone||Pacific Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone|
|Area Codes||458, 503, 541, 971
|Table last updated||April 27, 2023|