Last updated on April 19th, 2019
37. During the Battle of Mogadishu, an American pilot named Michael Durant was captured. He was freed on October 14, 1993.
38. Due to unsanitary water, hundreds of Somalians were killed during a cholera outbreak. This lead to a severe drought in Somalia.
39. In 2001, The United Nations was forced to pull staff and aid workers from the country due to the dangerous fighting and kidnappings, due to arguments about religion, government, education, and health.
40. On August 8, 2011, United States President Barack Obama announced $105 million would be given for emergency funding in the country.
5 Facts about poverty in Somalia
41. Over 73 percent of Somalis live on less than $2 U.S. Dollars per day.
42. The 2011 famine in Southern Somalia was the first in that region in over 30 years.
43. About one in 8 children in Somalia is acutely malnourished.
44. Today, over one million people in the country are in desperate need of emergency food assistance.
45. Due to the two decades of conflict, 1.1 million Somalis are displaced in their own country.
5 Facts about Somalia pirates
46. On April 8, 2009, Somali pirates hijacked the U.S. Maersk Alabama. The captain, Richard Phillips, offered himself as a hostage to protect his crew.
47. The U.S. Navy SEALs fatally shot three of the pirates and the fourth was taken into custody.
48. A book was written and a movie was made about the Captain’s ordeal.
49. The pirate who survived was taken to the United States, where he was sentenced to over 33 years in a U.S. federal prison.
50. The surviving pirate agreed to plead guilty, and the charge of piracy and possession of a machine gun were dropped. He pleaded guilty to kidnapping and hostage-taking.
Somalia – country at a glance
|Independence||July 1, 1960|
|Table last updated||May 30, 2019|
|Total area||637,657 sq km|
|Population||11,259,029 (July 2018 est.)|
|Official Language||Somali and Arabic|
|National Anthem||Qolobaa Calankeed|
|Government type||Federal parliamentary republic|
|President||Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed|
|Prime Minister||Hassan Ali Khayre|
|Borders||Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya|
|Currency||Somali shilling (SOS)|
|Life expectancy at birth||53.2 Years (2018)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
|Climate||principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
|Terrain||mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north|
|Mean elevation||410 m|
|Lowest point||Indian Ocean 0 m|
|Highest point||Shimbiris 2,416 m|
|Natural resources||uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves
|Birth rate||39.3 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)|
|Death rate||12.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)|
|Sex ratio||1.01 male(s)/female (2018 est.)|
|National colors||blue, white|
|Industries||light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication|
|Exports||$819 million (2014 est.)
livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap metal
|Imports||$94.43 billion (2018 est.)
manufactures, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials, qat
|Time Zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
|Internet country code||.so|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Data sources||1. Central Intelligence Agency