Last updated on July 10th, 2021
South Carolina is the 23rd most populous and the 40th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. It is in the Southeastern United States and the easternmost of the Deep South. The state attained statehood on May 23, 1788, becoming the 8th State to join the union. Its two bordering states are Georgia and North Carolina. See the complete list of the 50 states and their borders here. South Carolina (nicknamed: Palmetto State) has 46 counties. The state’s capital is Columbia. The abbreviation for South Carolina is SC. With these facts about South Carolina, let us learn about its history, geography, economy, people, culture, and more.
1. The state was named after the King Charles I and King Charles II of England.
2. The nickname of the state “Palmetto State” originates from the fact that during the Revolutionary War, colonists at Fort Moultrie, a small fort built from palmetto trees, defeated a British fleet near Charleston in 1776.
3. Peachoid is a giant water tank in Gaffney built to honor the state’s fine peach crops. The water tower can hold one million U.S. gallons of water. It is one of the most recognizable landmarks for travelers along I-85 between Atlanta, Georgia and Charlotte, North Carolina.
4. South Carolina is known for its beautiful beaches and availability of ample fishing opportunities. This attracts millions of tourists to the state.
5. The wood stork is the only true stork that regularly occurs in the U.S.A. In flooded, shallow wetlands, it can fish by holding its beak open and snaps up the fish that swim by. It is about 33-44 inches in height and has a wingspan of 59-65 inches. The life span of the wood stork is about 11 years and 8 months in the wild.
6. South Carolina fought 137 battles during the Revolutionary War. The last of these battles happened on November 14, 1782 on Johns Island.
7. South Carolina is usually divided into two broad regions. The Up Country and the Low Country.
8. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, South Carolina is second to California in overall peach production.
9. Myrtle Beach in South Carolina has some 50 golf courses and as a result, it is called the “miniature golf capital of the world.” According to some estimate, the beach draws some 15 million tourists every year. In 2007, the Guinness World Record for the tallest sand castle was awarded to Myrtle Beach. Today, the tallest sandcastle is 17.65 m (57 ft 11 in) tall, and was made by Skulptura Projects GmbH (Germany), in Binz, Germany, on 5 June 2019.[5,6,7]
10. The Columbia City Hall in Columbia is the second oldest government building in the capital city. It was built in 1870. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.
11. Johnston calls itself the “Peach Capital of the world.”
12. There is an island called “Monkey Island” on the state. The island is said to be home to more than 3,000 monkeys. Some say that the monkeys on the island are being used for research purposes.
13. Poinsett Bridge is the oldest bridge in South Carolina. The bridge was built in 1820 and it is no longer in use. However, the structure stands intact to this day.
14. A tree in SC called the Angel Oak expected to be between 400 and 500 years old. The 65-foot-tree has survived hurricanes, floods and earthquakes. The tree measures 28 feet in circumference and covers an area of 17,000 square feet with its shade. According to some sources, the age of the tree is believed to be more than 1,500 years.
15. Althea Gibson became the first African American to play and win Wimbledon. She won the women’s singles and doubles at Wimbledon in 1957, and won the U.S. Open in 1958.
16. Sturgis motorcycle rally is the world’s largest motorcycle rally. It started in 1938 and was suspended only during the World War II due to gas shortages. Motorcycle enthusiasts from all over the globe come together at the event. In 2018, an estimated 500,000 people participated in the rally.
17. The first tea farm in the U.S. was created in 1890 near Summerville.
18. South Carolina’s state reptile, the loggerhead turtle can live for fifty years in the wild and it can weigh up to 400 pounds.[13,14]
19. The first shot of the Civil War was fired on Fort Sumter in 1861.
20. Two of the most important battles in the history of the United States were fought in South Carolina – the Battle of King’s Mountains and the Civil War.
21. South Carolina is one of the original thirteen colonies.
South Carolina on the map
22. The geographical shape of the state resembles an inverted vertical triangle. From east to west, the state stretch some 460 km while between north and south it measures 360 km.
23. The state’s capital Columbia, located at its center, is its largest city. The capital was named after Christopher Columbus, the legendary explorer.
24. Before South Carolina was known as the Peach State, it was the Iodine State. The Iodine State was emblazoned on their license plates earlier before the adoption of the Peach State as the states nickname.
25. At 1,200 acres, the world’s largest Gingko farm is in Sumter.
26. The state does not have any professional sports team.
27. Fort Jackson, the largest United States Army installation for Basic Combat Training is in Columbia, South Carolina.
28. Charles Town, the site of the first European settlement was renamed to Charleston in 1783.
29. The Palmetto tree is the official state tree of South Carolina.
30. Textile manufacturing and tourism are two main industries of the state.
31. Anderson nicknamed “The Electric City” is the place where the first successful long-distance transmission of electricity in the south occurred.
32. South Carolina has one of the lowest percentage of women serving in state legislature. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, the state has only 15.9% of women in the legislature. At 13.8%, Mississippi has the lowest percentage of all the states.
South Carolina – quick facts and state symbols
|Largest City||Charleston |
|State Size||Total (Land + Water): 32,020 sq miles; Land Only: 30,110 sq miles|
(Estimate July 1, 2019 from United States Census Bureau)
|Statehood||May 23, 1788 |
|State rank by population||23rd|
|State rank by date of formation||8th|
|State rank by area||40th|
|Number of Counties||46|
|Demonym||South Carolinian |
|Bordering States||Georgia, North Carolina|
|Highest Point||Sassafras Mountain |
3,560 ft (1,085 m)
|Lowest point||Atlantic Ocean |
|Mean elevation||350 feet above sea level|
|Length||260 miles (420 km) |
|Width||200 miles (320 km) |
|Governor||Henry McMaster (R)|
|Lieutenant Governor||Pamela Evette (R)|
|State Motto||Dum spiro spero Animis opibusque parati (While I breathe, I hope Ready in soul and resource)|
|State Nickname||Palmetto State|
|Nobel Prize Winners||Charles H. Townes (Physics, 1964) |
Joseph L. Goldstein (Physiology or Medicine, 1985)
Robert F. Furchgott (Physiology or Medicine, 1998)
|Famous people||Harry Carson (Pro Football player) |
Jim Rice (Baseball player)
Katrina McClain (Basketball player)
Jessica Stroup (Actress)
Lee Brice (Singer)
|U.S. President Born in South Carolina||1. Andrew Jackson.|
|State coat of arms|
|Reptile||Loggerhead Sea Turtle |
|Animal||White-tailed Deer |
|State Fossil||Columbian Mammoth |
|State fish||Striped Bass |
|State Bird||Carolina Wren |
|State Flower||Yellow Jessamine |
|State Tree||Sabal Palmetto |
|Butterfly||Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly |
|Amphibian||Spotted Salamander |
|State Dog||Boykin Spaniel |
|State Spider||Carolina Wolf Spider |
|State Shell||Lettered Olive |
|Game bird||Wild Turkey |
|State fruit||Peach |
|State heritage work animal||Mule |
|State Insect||Carolina Mantid |
|State marine mammal||Bottlenose dolphin |
|State Grass||Sorghastrum nutans |
|Longitude||78° 32′ W to 83° 21′ W |
|Latitude||32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N |
|Time Zone||Eastern Time Zone|
|Area Codes||803, 843, 864|
|Table last updated||December 20, 2021|