Last updated on October 7th, 2019
Georgia is the 8th most populous and the 24th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. It is a state in the Southeastern United States. The state attained statehood on January 2, 1788, becoming the 4th state to join the union. It shares its border with five states (Alabama, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee.) Georgia (nicknamed: Empire State of the South, Peach State) has 159 counties. The state’s capital is Atlanta. The abbreviation for Georgia is GA. With these facts about Georgia, let us learn about its history, geography, people, economy, culture, and more.
1. Georgia is the youngest of the 13 states that formed the United States originally.
2. Georgia has more soil types than any other state.
3. Georgia was the headquarters for the civil rights movement and home to Martin Luther King, Jr.
4. Did you know that a federal holiday was established in 1986 for every third Monday in January to be set aside in recognition of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. who was born in Atlanta, Georgia on Jan. 15, 1929?
5. Did you know that the cotton gin was invented in Georgia by Eli Whitney in 1793? The cotton gin is a machine that is used to pull cotton fibers from the cotton seed. The machine helped ease of the burden from the workers by making the task much simpler and efficient.
6. Georgia is the largest of the U.S. states east of the Mississippi River.
7. Georgia is named after George II, who was king of Britain when Europeans first settled there in 1733.
8. Georgia outranks other states in the production of Vidalia onions – known as the sweetest onions in the world. The state is also the topmost producer of peanuts, pecans, and peaches.
9. Interestingly, Coca-Cola, the favorite drink of billions of people across the globe, was also invented in Atlanta, Georgia.
Flag of Georgia
10. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) is the world’s largest airport in terms of the total number of passengers it handles every year.
11. Did you know that the 1996 Summer Olympics were held in Atlanta, Georgia? The games held in Atlanta are also referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, as they marked the centenary of the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens. Moreover, these Games were the fourth Summer Olympics to be hosted by the United States.[5,6]
12. Georgia is rich in marble. The marble from the state was used to build the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., and the capitols of many states.
13. Georgia has had five capitals. 1. Savannah (1777-1785), 2. Augusta (1786-1789), 3. Louisville (1789-1807), 4. Milledgeville (1807-1867), 5. Atlanta (1868-present.)
14. Atlanta, the capital city of the state, played a key role in the overall progress and development of the state.
16. In May 2019, Georgia Republican Gov. Brian Kemp signed HB 481, the most extreme abortion ban in the country. The law illegalizes abortion after about six weeks (so-called heartbeat bill, it outlaws abortion after a fetal heartbeat is detectable.) The law also takes into account the termination of pregnancies by the women. The law will take effect in 2020 and at present, there is strong opposition from the public.[9,14]
17. You could fit Georgia into Alaska 11 times!
Georgia on the map
18. Named after Nancy Hart, Hart County is the only county in Georgia named after a woman.
19. Did you know that before becoming the 39th president of the United States, Jimmy Carter was a peanut farmer? He was also awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. He was born on October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia.
20. The peanut state has plenty of peanut statues erected throughout the state. You could find one in Ashburn and another in Plains. The one in Plains is 13 feet tall and was made for a 1976 political visit to Evansville by Jimmy Carter.[12,13]
22. Fort Benning, considered, one of the best army installations in the world, is located in Columbus, Georgia. It is named after Henry L. Benning, a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War.
23. Hosted in Atlanta, Georgia, the International Production & Processing Expo is the world’s largest annual poultry, meat and feed industry event of its kind.
24. The Georgia Aquarium in downtown Atlanta is one of the world’s largest aquarium. The aquarium holds more than 10 million US gallons of marine and salt water, and it houses more than a hundred thousand animals. Some of the species available in the aquarium include Whale shark, Beluga whale, California sea lions, African penguins, etc.
25. The world’s longest urban whitewater rafting course–WhiteWater Express–is in Columbus, GA.
26. According to stateofobesity.org, Georgia has the 24th highest adult obesity rate in the nation, and the 18th highest obesity rate for youth ages 10 to 17.
27. There are about 4 dozen varieties of peaches from Georgia. Peaches contain vitamins, fiber, and potassium.
Georgia state – quick facts and state symbols
|Table Last Updated||May 16, 2019|
List Of 50 U.S. States And Their Capital
|State Size||Total (Land + Water): 59,425 sq miles; Land Only: 57,906 sq miles|
(Estimate July 1, 2018 from United States Census Bureau)
|Statehood||January 2, 1788|
|State rank by population||8th|
|State rank by date of formation||4th|
|State rank by area||24th|
|Number of Counties||159
Complete list of 50 states and number of counties in each
|Bordering States||Alabama, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee|
|Highest Point||Brasstown Bald
4,784 ft (1,458 m)
|Lowest point||Atlantic Ocean
|Mean elevation||600 feet above sea level|
|Length||298 miles (480 km)|
|Width||230 miles (370 km)|
|Governor||Brian Kemp (R)|
|Lieutenant Governor||Geoff Duncan (R)|
|State Motto||Wisdom, justice, and moderation|
|State Nickname||Peach State;
Empire State of the South
|Nobel Prize Winners||Martin Luther King Jr. (Peace, 1964)
Jimmy Carter (Peace, 2002)
|Famous People||Richard Dent (Pro Football Player)
Frank Thomas (Baseball Player)
Teresa Edwards (Basketball Player)
Julia Roberts (Actress)
Kanye West (Singer)
|U.S. President Born in Georgia||1. James Earl Carter Jr.|
|State Song||Georgia on My Mind|
|State Flag||The Flag of Georgia
|State seal||Great Seal of Georgia
|State Coat of Arms||Georgia Coat of Arms
|State Quarter||Georgia Quarter
|State Dog||Adoptable Dog
|State Amphibian||Green tree frog
|State Flower||Cherokee rose
|State Bird||Brown thrasher
|State Game Bird||Bobwhite quail
|State Reptile||Gopher tortoise
|State Tree||Live Oak
|State Fish||Largemouth bass
|State Marine Mammal||Right whale
|State Vegetable||Vidalia onion
|State Butterfly||Eastern tiger swallowtail
|Longitude||80.840 – 85.605° W|
|Latitude||30.356 – 34.985° N|
|Time Zone||Eastern Time Zone|
|Area Codes||229, 404, 470, 478, 678, 706, 762, 770, 912|