Last updated on April 30th, 2020
Georgia is the 8th most populous and the 24th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. It is a state in the Southeastern United States. The state attained statehood on January 2, 1788, becoming the 4th state to join the union. It shares its border with five states (Alabama, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee.) Georgia (nicknamed: Empire State of the South, Peach State) has 159 counties. The state’s capital is Atlanta. The abbreviation for Georgia is GA. With these interesting facts about Georgia, let us learn about its history, geography, people, economy, culture, and more.
1. Georgia is the youngest of the 13 states that formed the United States originally.
2. Georgia has more soil types than any other state.
3. Georgia was the headquarters for the civil rights movement and home to Martin Luther King, Jr.
Georgia on the map
4. A city located in North Fulton County, Georgia, Roswell saw the first telephone service in 1901. This is obvious, right? Wait, the first telephony service unveiled here in 1901 featured only one digit. Now you can appreciate how far telephoning technology has come.
5. Did you know that a federal holiday was established in 1986 for every third Monday in January to be set aside in recognition of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. who was born in Atlanta, Georgia on Jan. 15, 1929?
6. Sandy Springs: known as the investor’s eye-catcher, Sandy Springs is home to more Fortune 500 and Fortune 1000 companies per capita than any other city in the nation. Some of the global leaders located here are UPS, First Data, Veritiv, Newell Rubbermaid, Centene and Axiall, Mercedes Benz, Cox Communications, and CBS among others.
7. Did you know that the cotton gin was invented in Georgia by Eli Whitney in 1793? The cotton gin is a machine that is used to pull cotton fibers from the cotton seed. The machine helped ease of the burden from the workers by making the task much simpler and efficient.
8. Georgia is the largest of the U.S. states east of the Mississippi River.
9. Georgia is named after George II, who was king of Britain when Europeans first settled there in 1733.
10. The Georgia Aquarium in downtown Atlanta is one of the world’s largest aquarium. The aquarium holds more than 10 million US gallons of marine and salt water, and it houses more than a hundred thousand animals. Some of the species available in the aquarium include Whale shark, Beluga whale, California sea lions, African penguins, etc.
11. Interestingly, Coca-Cola, the favorite drink of billions of people across the globe, was also invented in Atlanta, Georgia. In 1886, Dr. John Pemberton invented “Coca-Cola” in what remains the most famous scripts in history. The first product of Coca Cola trademark was sold in Jacob’s Pharmacy at a soda fountain. This name has since remained the most sought-after brand in the soft drinks and beverages industry worldwide.
Flag of Georgia
12. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) is the world’s largest airport in terms of the total number of passengers it handles every year.
13. Did you know that the 1996 Summer Olympics were held in Atlanta, Georgia? The games held in Atlanta are also referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, as they marked the centenary of the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens. Moreover, these Games were the fourth Summer Olympics to be hosted by the United States.[5,6]
14. Atlanta, the capital city of the state, played a key role in the overall progress and development of the state.
15. Johns Creek is where the first gold rush was documented in the foothills of Northern Georgia., a land occupied by the Cherokee Indians who would, later on, be driven away by the Federal government in the 1830s. These developments are featured in what is popularly known as the “Trail of Tears.”
16. Georgia has had five capitals. 1. Savannah (1777-1785), 2. Augusta (1786-1789), 3. Louisville (1789-1807), 4. Milledgeville (1807-1867), 5. Atlanta (1868-present.)
17. Located near the South Carolina border, Augusta boasts of being home to the oldest independent African-American church to have been established, Springfield Baptist Church. It is at this site that the congregation still meets and the origin of Morehouse College.
18. Georgia is rich in marble. The marble from the state was used to build the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., and the capitols of many states.
19. Did you know the city of Savannah was primarily a Christmas gift to President Lincoln during the Civil War? The Union General Sherman was amazed by the ambience, greenery, and bounty beauty of Savanah. Unlike other cities he had destroyed, he persevered Savanah, no wonder it retains its lush look to date.
21. In May 2019, Georgia Republican Gov. Brian Kemp signed HB 481, the most extreme abortion ban in the country. The law illegalizes abortion after about six weeks (so-called heartbeat bill, it outlaws abortion after a fetal heartbeat is detectable.) The law also takes into account the termination of pregnancies by the women. The law will take effect in 2020 and at present, there is strong opposition from the public.[9,14]
22. You could fit Georgia into Alaska 11 times!
23. After several years of a quest to amend the city’s name, the council of South Fulton held a meeting on November 13, 2017, and unanimously voted to change the city name (Renaissance). However, the name was later changed by the veto powers of the Mayor a month later. This is why it still remains South Fulton City.
24. Athens is where the first twin-barreled cannon was created and displayed at the seat of the City Hall. Historians say this innovation was a massive failure in the history of war since it was never used in actual combat.
25. Named after Nancy Hart, Hart County is the only county in Georgia named after a woman.
26. According to many people, Macon city is greatly known for its popular local chain, NuWay Weiners, which sells “chili” burgers and hotdogs. But do not be slayed by the chili aspect yet. Those who founded this joint originated from Greece, which is why the recipe is largely made of Greek ingredients. Perhaps every person visiting the city is compelled to have a fan taste of this secret recipe known only to Macon.
27. Did you know that before becoming the 39th president of the United States, Jimmy Carter was a peanut farmer? He was also awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. He was born on October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia.
28. The peanut state has plenty of peanut statues erected throughout the state. You could find one in Ashburn and another in Plains. The one in Plains is 13 feet tall and was made for a 1976 political visit to Evansville by Jimmy Carter.[12,13]
30. Fort Benning, considered, one of the best army installations in the world, is located in Columbus, Georgia. It is named after Henry L. Benning, a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War.
31. Hosted in Atlanta, Georgia, the International Production & Processing Expo is the world’s largest annual poultry, meat and feed industry event of its kind.
32. Georgia outranks other states in the production of Vidalia onions – known as the sweetest onions in the world. The state is also the topmost producer of peanuts, pecans, and peaches.
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