43 Interesting Facts About Vermont

Last updated on October 7th, 2022

32. One of the six New England states

Vermont is one of the six New England states. The other five states are: Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.

33. No direct access to the Atlantic

Vermont is the only New England state without direct access to the Atlantic.

34. Plenty of underground marble

The Vermont Danby Quarry is the world’s largest underground marble quarry in the world. The quarry is entered through the same opening that has been in use for over 100 years.

35. Lake Champlain previously formed part of the Great Lakes

Vermont’s Lake Champlain, which runs for miles along the interstate borderlines is the sixth largest inland body of water in the water. It was previously one of the Great Lakes and it crosses national borders into Canada. It is a 435-square-mile lake bordering Vermont, New York, and Quebec and center of the region’s ecosystems.

Grilled cheese sandwich. Illustrative image.

36. The world’s largest grilled cheese sandwich

The Cabot Creamery of Vermont holds the delicious title of making the world’s largest grilled cheese sandwich. Festival goers at the Second Annual Everglades Cheese Cracker Festival in Everglades City, Florida on November 4, 2000 got a mouthwatering view of the 320 pound sandwich that measured five feet by 10.5 feet by two and one-half inches after cooking. What a cheesy delight! The GBWR has a picture of this huge sandwich!

37. Plenty of bridges

The state has more than one hundred covered bridges. Thus it has more covered bridges per square mile than any other U.S state.

38. No Wal-Mart

Until 1996, VT was the only state without a Wal-Mart.

39. The largest s’more ever made

Vermont also has another scrumptous edible delight worth mentioning. It isn’t official, but on December 29, 2018, those with a sweet tooth at Camp Meade in Middlesex, Vermont tasted the largest s’more ever made. At 32 square feet, it was much larger than the official record of 25 square feet. But, unfortunately, the title of the largest graham cracker, marshmallow, and chocolate dessert didn’t make it into the Guinness Book of World Records. Why? No one from GBWR was able to get there to see this giant treat. However, it was all worth it. There’s no doubt everyone there enjoyed this tasty event.

40. Green state

Vermont’s landscape is characterized by the presence of several trees, which occupy 77 percent of the state. Its natural beauty helps attract thousands of visitors who throng the state’s mountains, lakes, and hiking trails.

41. Native tribes

The state is home to two native tribes. The Abenaki and Mohican tribes inhabited vast areas in the Vermont area beginning in 8500 BCE. Both tribes spoke the Algonquia language and were removed from the area by the Iroquois.

42. The Vermont Republic

The independent state of Vermont Republic was created after a revolt by the Green Mountain Boys.

43. A rural state

Vermont and Maine are the two most rural states in the nation.

About the Flag of Vermont

Flag of Vermont
The state flag of Vermont. 

1. Design and Symbolism

The flag of Vermont reflects its natural features, including flora and fauna, that continue to enrich the lives of its inhabitants. It contains the coat of arms and state motto on a dark blue field.

Pine branches support the shield on both sides. It represents the victory at the 1812 Battle of Plattsburgh. It ended the final British attempt at a northern invasion, thus saving New York and nearby states.

The shield has an ornate gold border in the baroque style. It depicts a scene with a lone pine tree in the middle, surrounded by a brown cow with three sheaves of wheat. They represent the Vermont forests, the dairy industry, and the agricultural sector.

Some say that the pine tree represents freedom from the English crown. It may refer to the well-known Liberty Tree across the Thirteen Colonies. The resistance movement met under Liberty Trees to plan their next moves and stage acts of defiance.

Above the shield is the head of a deer to highlight wildlife. At the bottom is a flowing red ribbon with three folds. It bears the motto, “Freedom and Unity,” alongside the word “Vermont.” It underscores the delicate balance between personal freedom and responsibility to the community.

2. Adoption

The Vermont legislature adopted the current flag on June 1, 1923.

3. Technical Details

The flag uses a proportion of 3:5. The pine branches supporting the shield intersect at the bottom.

4. History

In 1778, Ira Allen designed the Great Seal of Vermont. Allen was a surveyor, politician, military officer, and state founder. Reuben Dean carved the seal image.

Vermont adopted the seal before reaching statehood. They used a different design in 1821 but reverted in 1937. The coat of arms borrows many elements from Allen’s seal design.

Several wars broke out from the late 1800s to the early 1900s, including the American Civil War, Spanish-American War, and World War I. The Vermont militia fought in these battles using a blue flag with the state coat of arms. The governor’s flag has a similar design. In 1923, the legislature adopted it as the state flag.

5. Other Flags

The Green Mountain Boys Flag

In the 1700s, a militia group called the Green Mountain Boys formed in Vermont. It repelled New York in its attempts to control the area, allowing the territory to declare independence and achieve statehood. Their flag is a green field with a blue canton of 13 white stars.

The Second State Flag

The US flag traditionally changes every time a new state joins the Union. Designers added a star and a stripe for the first few states. In 1804, the number climbed to 17. Vermont made a state flag with 17 stars and stripes while writing the “VERMONT” on the top red bar.

The Third State Flag

In 1837, Vermont redesigned the flag with 13 red and white stripes to keep up with the US flag. However, the tiny stars gave way to a single large star with the state coat of arms at the center.

Vermont – Quick facts and state symbols

State AbbreviationVT
State CapitalMontpelier
Largest CityBurlington
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 9,614 sq miles; Land Only: 9,250 sq miles
647,464 (Estimate July 1, 2023 from United States Census Bureau)
StatehoodMarch 4, 1791
State rank by population49th
State rank by date of formation14th
State rank by area45th
Number of Counties14
Bordering StatesMassachusetts, New Hampshire, New York
Official LanguageNone
Highest PointMount Mansfield
4,395 ft (1340 m)
Lowest pointLake Champlain
95 to 100 ft (29 to 30 m)
Length 160 miles (260 km)
Width80 miles (130 km)
GovernorPhil Scott (R)
Lieutenant GovernorMolly Gray (D)
Electoral Votes3
State MottoFreedom and Unity
State NicknameGreen Mountain State
% Water4.1
Nobel Prize WinnersDonald J. Cram (Chemistry, 1987)
Jody Williams (Peace, 1997)
Famous peopleCarlton Fisk (Baseball player)
Gabriel Mann
U.S. Presidents Born in Vermont1. Chester Alan Arthur.
2. John Calvin Coolidge Jr.
State Flag

Flag of Vermont

State coat of arms

Coat of arms of Vermont.svg

State AmphibianNorthern Leopard Frog
State AnimalHorse


State BirdHermit thrush

Hermit thrush qmnonic.jpg

State ButterflyMonarch Butterfly
State FishBrook trout

Old colored print of brook trout

State FlowerRed Clover

Trifolium pratense - Keila2.jpg

State FruitApple

Apples (six different kinds)
State GemGrossular Garnet


State Heritage LivestockRandall Lineback Cattle


State InsectHoneybee

Apis mellifera bi.jpg

State Marine FossilBeluga Whale Skeleton

A beluga whale

State MineralTalc

Talc, Argonaut Quarry, Ludlow, Windsor County, Vermont
State ReptilePainted Turtle

An adult specimen pointed straight with its head raised and facing towards its left

State TreeSugar Maple

Sugar Maple Explosion
Longitude71° 28′ W to 73° 26′ W
Latitude42° 44′ N to 45° 1′ N
Time ZoneEastern Time Zone
Area Codes802
Table last updatedDecember 21, 2023