Venus is the brightest object in the sky after the Sun and Earth’s moon. Plenty of spacecraft were sent to Venus to study the planet’s environment and composition. A lot of critical data has been gathered in the past. Scientists are still exploring Venus, which is a mysterious and an incredibly hot planet. With these 27 facts about Venus, let’s uncover more about this terrestrial planet.
1. Venus is the second planet from the Sun.
2. Venus rotates on its axis from East to West similar to that of Uranus’ direction of rotation.
3. Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system while Mercury is the second hottest.
4. The temperature on Venus (425 degree Celsius) is sufficient enough to melt Lead.
5. Venus is slightly smaller than Earth.
6. The light from the Sun takes almost 6 minutes to reach Venus.
7. Another interesting fact about Venus is that it has the most circular orbit of any planet in the Solar System.
8. Venus does not experience any seasons because of its limited axial tilt of just 3 degrees.
9. Venus, like Mercury, is a terrestrial planet.
10. Venus has mountains, valleys and hundreds of volcanoes. In fact, Venus has more volcanoes than any other planet in the Solar System. However, many of these are dormant.
Also read: facts about Uranus
11. Its highest mountain – Maxwell Montes, is in fact, 8.8 kilometers high. Now, this mountain can be compared to the Mount Everest on Earth which also has similar height.
12. The atmosphere on Venus is very dense.
13. Venus and Mercury neither have any moons nor do they have any rings.
14. Due to its slow speed of rotation, Venus’ magnetic field is much weaker than that of the Earth.
15. Besides earth’s moon, Venus is the brightest object in the night sky.
16. Venus has been explored by more than 40 spacecraft.
Interesting facts about Venus
17. Venus is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty (the only planet to be named after a female figure.)
18. A day longer than a year: Venus has the longest day of any planet in the Solar System. It takes 243 Earth days for Venus to rotate on its own axis. While it takes 225 Earth days for it to complete one revolution around the Sun.
19. Venus is also referred to as sister planet to Earth (because of the similarity in their mass and size.)
20. The temperature variation on Venus is minimal during day and night because of planet’s slow rotation.
Also read: facts about Mars
21. Atmospheric pressure on the surface of Venus is 92 times greater than that on the Earth. This intense pressure on the planet does not allow any visiting spacecraft to stay on its surface for long – not just more than 2 hours. Learn more about the Venere probes sent by the Soviet Union here.
22. Venera 3 was the first man-made spacecraft to land on Venus in 1966.
23. Transit – a phenomenon of the passing of Venus across the face of the Sun from the perspective of an observer on Earth, happens in pairs and each pair is separated by at least a hundred years. The first transit was observed in 1631 and 1639 and then it was observed in 1761 and 1769, followed by 1874 and 1882.
24. A hole in Venus’ ionosphere (a layer of the atmosphere filled with charged particles.) was noticed by Pioneer Venus Orbiter. In this region, no density was experienced. And this region was never sighted before until recently.
25. The day Friday is ruled by Venus.
26. If one were to visit the planet, they would not be able to see the Sun or the Earth because of the dense clouds that always cover the skies of the planet.
27. Venus is almost the shape of a perfect sphere, which also means that there is not much difference in its equatorial and polar diameters.
Also read: 42 facts about Jupiter
Quick facts about Venus
|Date of discovery||Unknown|
|Discovered By||Known by the Ancients|
|Orbit Size Around Sun||108,209,475 km|
|Mean Orbit Velocity||126,074 km/h|
|Equatorial Inclination||177.3 degrees|
|Equatorial Radius||6,051.8 km|
|Equatorial Circumference||38,024.6 km|
|Volume||928,415,345,893 cubic km|
|Density||5.243 g per centimeter cube|
|Surface Area||460,234,317 square kilometer|
|Surface Gravity||8.87 meter per second square|
|Escape Velocity||37,296 kilometer per hour|
|Surface Temperature||462 degree Celsius|
|Atmospheric Constituents||Carbon dioxide and Nitrogen|