Venus Facts: 27 Important Facts About Venus

Venus is the brightest object in the sky after the Sun and Earth’s moon. Plenty of spacecraft were sent to Venus to study the planet’s environment and composition. A lot of critical data has been gathered in the past. Scientists are still exploring Venus, which is a mysterious and an incredibly hot planet. With these 27 facts about Venus, let’s uncover more about this terrestrial planet.

1. Venus is the second planet from the Sun.

2. Venus rotates on its axis from East to West similar to that of Uranus’ direction of rotation.

3. Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system while Mercury is the second hottest.

4. The temperature on Venus (425 degree Celsius) is sufficient enough to melt Lead.

5. Venus is slightly smaller than Earth.

6. The light from the Sun takes almost 6 minutes to reach Venus.

Computer simulated global view of Venus.
Computer simulated global view of Venus. Credit – NASA

7. Another interesting fact about Venus is that it has the most circular orbit of any planet in the Solar System.

8. Venus does not experience any seasons because of its limited axial tilt of just 3 degrees.

9. Venus, like Mercury, is a terrestrial planet.

10. Venus has mountains, valleys and hundreds of volcanoes. In fact, Venus has more volcanoes than any other planet in the Solar System. However, many of these are dormant.

Also read: facts about Uranus

11. Its highest mountain – Maxwell Montes, is in fact, 8.8 kilometers high. Now, this mountain can be compared to the Mount Everest on Earth which also has similar height.

12. The atmosphere on Venus is very dense.

13. Venus and Mercury neither have any moons nor do they have any rings.

14. Due to its slow speed of rotation, Venus’ magnetic field is much weaker than that of the Earth.

15. Besides earth’s moon, Venus is the brightest object in the night sky.

16. Venus has been explored by more than 40 spacecraft.

Interesting facts about Venus

17. Venus is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty (the only planet to be named after a female figure.)

18. A day longer than a year: Venus has the longest day of any planet in the Solar System. It takes 243 Earth days for Venus to rotate on its own axis. While it takes 225 Earth days for it to complete one revolution around the Sun.

19. Venus is also referred to as sister planet to Earth (because of the similarity in their mass and size.)

20. The temperature variation on Venus is minimal during day and night because of planet’s slow rotation.

Also read: facts about Mars

21. Atmospheric pressure on the surface of Venus is 92 times greater than that on the Earth. This intense pressure on the planet does not allow any visiting spacecraft to stay on its surface for long – not just more than 2 hours. Learn more about the Venere probes sent by the Soviet Union here.

22. Venera 3 was the first man-made spacecraft to land on Venus in 1966. 

23. Transit – a phenomenon of the passing of Venus across the face of the Sun from the perspective of an observer on Earth, happens in pairs and each pair is separated by at least a hundred years. The first transit was observed in 1631 and 1639 and then it was observed in 1761 and 1769, followed by 1874 and 1882.

24. A hole in Venus’ ionosphere (a layer of the atmosphere filled with charged particles.) was noticed by Pioneer Venus Orbiter. In this region, no density was experienced. And this region was never sighted before until recently.

25. The day Friday is ruled by Venus.

26. If one were to visit the planet, they would not be able to see the Sun or the Earth because of the dense clouds that always cover the skies of the planet.

27. Venus is almost the shape of a perfect sphere, which also means that there is not much difference in its equatorial and polar diameters.

Also read: 42 facts about Jupiter 

Quick facts about Venus

Date of discoveryUnknown
Discovered ByKnown by the Ancients
Orbit Size Around Sun108,209,475 km
Mean Orbit Velocity126,074 km/h
Equatorial Inclination177.3 degrees
Equatorial Radius6,051.8 km
Equatorial Circumference38,024.6 km
Volume928,415,345,893 cubic km
Mass4,867,320,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg
Density5.243 g per centimeter cube
Surface Area460,234,317 square kilometer
Surface Gravity8.87 meter per second square
Escape Velocity37,296 kilometer per hour
Surface Temperature462 degree Celsius
Atmospheric ConstituentsCarbon dioxide and Nitrogen