35 Interesting Facts About Maryland

Last updated on May 30th, 2020

32. The Wye Oak was the largest white oak tree in the United States and the State Tree of Maryland from 1941 until its demise in 2002. At its end, the tree measured 31 feet 8 inches in circumference, was 96 feet tall and had an average crown spread of 119 feet. The main bole of the tree weighed over 61,000 pounds.[25]

33. During its earlier days as a colonial capital city, Annapolis was known as the “Athens of America.” Also, Annapolis is known as the sailing capital of the world.

34. King Williams School opened in 1696 was the first school in the United States.[10]

35. It was in Baltimore in 1774 that the first post office system in the United States was inaugurated by William Goddard. 

Maryland – Quick facts and state symbols

State AbbreviationMD
State CapitalAnnapolis
Largest CityBaltimore
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 12,407 sq miles; Land Only: 9,774 sq miles
(Estimate July 1, 2017 from United States Census Bureau)
StatehoodApril 28, 1788
State rank by population19th
State rank by date of formation7th
State rank by area42nd
Number of counties24
Bordering StatesDelaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia
Official LanguageNone
Highest PointHoye-Crest
3,360 ft (1024 m)
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean
Sea level
Length119 miles (192 km)
Width196 miles (315 km)
GovernorLarry Hogan (R)
Electoral Votes10
State MottoFatti maschii, parole femine (Manly deeds, womanly words)
State NicknameFree State; Old Line State
% Water21
Nobel Prize WinnersPeyton Rous (Physiology or Medicine, 1966)
Martin Rodbell (Physiology or Medicine, 1994)
Famous peopleCal Ripken, Jr. (Baseball player)
Julie Bowen (Actress)
Julienne Irwin (Singer)
State GemPatuxent River Stone

State BoatSkipjack
State DogChesapeake Bay retrieve
State BirdBaltimore Oriole
CatCalico cat
CrustaceanBlue crab
State ReptileDiamonback terrapin
State HorseThoroughbred
State DinosaurAstrodon
State FlowerBlack-eyed susan
State Insect
Baltimore checkerspot butterfly
State TreeWhite oak
Longitude75° 03′ W to 79° 29′ W
Latitude37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N
Time ZoneEastern Time Zone,
Area Codes227, 240, 249, 280, 301, 410, 443, 667
Table last updatedJune 8, 2020