51 Interesting Facts About Vietnam

Last updated on March 19th, 2020

Interesting facts about Vietnam’s current events and economy

41. Football is the most popular sport in Vietnam.

42. LGBT rights are getting more progressive, with a recent uplifting of the ban on same-sex marriage.

43. Motorbikes are the most common form of transport, and riders are fined by the authorities if found without a helmet.

Plenty of bike riders in Vietnam. Image Source

44. Foreigners have the option of applying for a Temporary Residence Card, which is cheaper and easier to process than a visa.

45. Did you know that Vietnam is one of the biggest producers of cashew nuts in the world?

46. The country has a literacy level of 94%.

47. Their rate of unemployment is one of the lowest of all developing countries in the world.

48. School children are summoned by traditional gongs instead of bells.

49. Nguyen is the most common name in the country.

50. Vietnam owns about 20% of the coffee market share and is the second largest producer in the world.

Panorama of Ha long bay, Vietnam.

51. To crown it all off, the Ha Long Bay is of such scenic beauty that it was included as one of the New 7 Wonders of Nature, as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Interesting facts about the Vietnam War

1. The Vietnam War or the Second War of Indochina was formerly America’s longest war until it was surpassed by the war in Afghanistan.

2. It had no clear cause and was started as a conflict.

3. It involved the communist government of North Vietnam in alliance with the Viet Cong against the government of South Vietnam with support from the Americans.

4. It lasted from 1954 to 1975.

5. It continued under the governance of five different American presidents.

6. It is broadly considered a mistake by the Americans, and a tragedy that could have been avoided.

7. It has been estimated to cost about 200 billion US dollars.

8. An estimated 2 million civilians and 1.3 million soldiers died during the war.

9. It is known as the American War in Vietnam.

10. The two countries just recently resumed formal diplomatic relations in 1995.

Vietnam – country at a glance

Independence2 September 1945 (from France)
Capital CityHanoi
21°2′N 105°51′E
Largest CityHo Chi Minh City
10.8231° N, 106.6297° E
Area331,210 sq km
Population98,721,275 (July 2020 est.)
Population growth rate0.84% (2020 est.)
Official and national languageVietnamese
Literacy rate95%
PresidentNguyễn Phú Trọng
Prime MinisterNguyễn Xuân Phúc
National Anthem"Tien quan ca" (The Song of the Marching Troops)
National symbol(s)yellow, five-pointed star on red field; lotus blossom
National colorsred, yellow
BordersGulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, China, Laos, Cambodia and South China Sea.
CurrencyDong (VND)
Life expectancy74.4 years (2020)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Land boundariestotal: 4,616 km
Cambodia 1,158 km, China 1,297 km, Laos 2,161 km
Terrainlow, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest
Mean elevation398 m
Lowest pointSouth China Sea 0 m
Highest pointFan Si Pan 3,144 m
Natural resourcesphosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower, arable land
Agricultural land34.8%
Government typecommunist state
Railways2600 km
Industriesfood processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones
Exports$194.6 billion (2017 est.)
clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery
Imports$190.1 billion (2017 est.)
machinery and equipment, petroleum products, steel products, raw materials for the clothing and shoe industries, electronics, plastics, automobiles
GDP - per capita (PPP)$6,900 (2017 est.)
Birth rate14.5 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate6 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio1.007 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Internet country code.vn
Time ZoneIndochina Time (UTC+07:00)
Calling Code+84
Drives on theRight
NoteVietnam is one of just five communist countries still in existence. The other four are China, Cuba, Laos, and North Korea.
Table last updatedMarch 25, 2020