49 Interesting Facts About Texas

Last updated on November 16th, 2019

33. From north to south the state extends approximately 1600 kilometers and the same distance from east to west.[3]

34. Texas is generally divided into East and West. The eastern part of the state is known for cotton while the western part of the state is characterized by cattle ranching.[4]

35. The Astrodome is the world’s first multi-purpose, domed sports stadium, located in Houston, Texas. It was opened on April 9, 1965.[13]

facts about Texas - The Astrodome in Houston, Texas.
The Astrodome in Houston, Texas. Image via – Flickr

36. Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda was the first European to visit Texas in 1915.[27]

37. Between 1836 and 1845, Texas was an independent nation. It is the only state to enter the United States by treaty instead of territorial annexation.[5]

38. Six flags have flown over Texas (Spanish, French, Mexican, Republic of Texas, Confederate, and United States).[5]

39. George W. Bush, the ex-president of the United States of America (between 2001 and 2009), was the governor of Texas for two terms.[26]

George W. Bush 43rd president of the United States of America - the fact file
George W. Bush 43rd president of the United States of America.

40. Texas has more species of birds than any other state, which includes screech owls and hummingbirds.[6]

41. Texas has more cattle than any other state in the country.[23]

42. Texas also has one of the world’s largest wind-power-producing farms. Texas has its own power grid. There are three grids in the Lower 48 states: the Eastern Interconnection, the Western Interconnection — and Texas. The power grid in the state was established during the WWII so that the factories producing critical war supplies remain self-sustainable.[6,28]

43. With approximately 1.5 million Mexican free-tail bats, the Congress Avenue Bridge, in downtown Austin, is home to one of the largest urban bat colony in North America. Every night from mid-March to November, the bats come out from under the bridge at dusk to blanket the sky as they head out to forage for food.[15]

44. There were nearly 297,000 oils well in Texas as of February 2018.[14]

45. King Ranch, located in Kingsville, is larger than the state of Rhode Island. As the home of 35,000 cattle and over 200 Quarter Horses, King Ranch is one of the largest ranches in the world today.[30]

46. Texas has three of the ten most populous cities in the United States – Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio.

47. Among the list of amazing facts about Texas, this fact has a special place: Texas has more farms and land in farms than any other state in the U.S.[31]

48. This fact in Texas fact file tells us that among all U.S. states, Texas has experienced the most number of tornadoes since 1950. On average, Texas experiences 120 tornadoes a year. A tornado can roar along as fast as 300 miles an hour. Kansas stands second on the list.[32,33]

49. The Texas Rangers is the oldest statewide law enforcement agency in the U.S. It was established in 1823.[21]

Texas – quick facts and state symbols

State AbbreviationTX
Table last updatedMay 14, 2019
State CapitalAustin
List Of U.S. States And Their Capital
Largest cityHouston
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 268,581 sq miles; Land Only: 261,797 sq miles
Population
28,701,845
(Estimate July 1, 2018 from United States Census Bureau)
StatehoodDecember 29, 1845
State rank by population2nd
State rank by date of fomation28th
State rank by area2nd
Number of Counties254
Complete list of 50 states and number of counties in each
DemonymTexan, Texian, Tejano
Bordering StatesArkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma
ReligionChristian - 77%
Unaffiliated - 18%
Nothing in particular - 13%
Highest PointGuadalupe Peak
8,751 ft (2667.4 m)
Lowest pointGulf of Mexico
Sea level
Mean elevation1,700 feet above sea level
Length 790 miles (1,270 km)
Width773 miles (1,244 km)
National ParksBig Bend National Park
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
GovernorGreg Abbott (R)
Lieutenant GovernorDan Patrick (R)
Electoral Votes38
State MottoFriendship
State NicknameLone Star State
% Water2.5
Nobel Prize WinnersRobert Woodrow Wilson (Physics, 1978)
Bruce Merrifield (Chemistry, 1984)
E. Donnall Thomas (Physiology or Medicine, 1990)
Robert F. Curl Jr. (Chemistry, 1996)
Famous PeopleThurman Thomas (Football player),
Lyndon B. Johnson (36th President),
Greg Maddux (Pitcher. Inducted in 2014),
Sheryl Swoopes (Guard. Inducted in 2016),
Brian Leetch (Hockey player),
Robin Wright (Actress),
Beyonce (Singer)

State Folk DanceSquare dance
State Domino Game42
State Flower Song"Bluebonnets"
State Song"Texas, Our Texas"
State MusicWestern Swing
State Epic PoemLegend of Old Stone Ranch
State Rodeo Drill TeamGhostriders

State DinosaurPaluxysaurus jonesi

State Bluebonnet FestivalCappell Hill Bluebonnet Festival
State FishGuadalupe bass
State soilHouston Black

State FlowerBluebonnet
State BirdMockingbird
State Gemstone cutLone star cut
State Flying MammalMexican free-tailed bat
State Large MammalLonghorn
State Small MammalArmadillo
State TreePecan
State InsectMonarch butterfly
State GrassSideoats grama
State ReptileTexas horned lizard
State Tall ShipElissa
State AmphibianTexas toad
State FruitTexas red grapefruit
State Health NutPecan
VegetableSweet onion
State Bluebonnet CityEnnis
State CobblerPeach cobbler
State Cooking ImplementCast iron Dutch oven
State CrustaceanTexas Gulf shrimp
State DishChili
State dogBlue Lacy
State Fiber and FabricCotton
State FootwearCowboy boot
State HatCowboy hat
State HorseAmerican quarter horse
State Native PepperChiltepin
State Native ShrubTexas purple sage
State PiePecan pie
State PlantPrickly pear cactus
State PollinatorWestern honey bee
State Precious MetalSilver
State Sea TurtleKemp's ridley sea turtle
State ShellLightning whelk
State ShipU.S.S. Texas
State ShrubCrape myrtle
State StonePetrified palm wood
State VehicleChuck wagon
State WaterlilyNymphaea Texas dawn
State tartanTexas Bluebonnet Tartan
Longitude93° 31′ W to 106° 39′ W
Latitude25° 50′ N to 36° 30′ N
Time ZoneCentral Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone
WebsiteTexas.gov
Area Codes210, 214, 254, 281, 325, 361, 409, 430, 432, 469, 512, 682, 713, 737, 806, 817, 830, 903, 915, 936, 940, 956, 972, 979