Last updated on May 8th, 2019
Texas is the 2nd most populous and the 2nd most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. It lies in the South Central region of the United States. Texas attained statehood on December 29, 1845, becoming the 28th state to join the union. Its four (4) bordering states are New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. Texas (nicknamed: the Lone Star State) has 254 counties. The state’s capital is Austin. With these facts about Texas, let us uncover some more information about its history, geography, economy, people and more.
1. Before the settlement of the Europeans in Texas, the land was home to Indians of Texas (Native American Tribes).
2. Sam Houston was the first president of the Republic of Texas. Sam Houston statue is the largest statue in America that is modeled after a real person. It is 67 feet tall. It was erected in 1994 with 30 tons of concrete and steel.
3. The Texas State Fair is the largest in the U.S. It is estimated that almost 3.5 million people attended the fair in 2015.
4. Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of John F. Kennedy (the 35th President of the United States, shot dead on 22 November 1963) was arrested in Texas Theater in Texas. 
5. The Texas State Capitol Building is taller than the nation’s Capitol building and is the sixth tallest state capitol.
6. Texas has the second highest number of professional sports teams. The only state that beats Texas in this regards is California.
7. The highest national speed limit is observed in Texas on a stretch between San Antonia and Austin. Here it is allowed to drive up to 85 miles per hour.
8. The Texas Rangers is the oldest statewide law enforcement agency in the U.S. It was established in 1823.
9. Texas (695,662 km²) is about twice the size of Germany (357,376 km²).
10. There are more than 1.5 million undocumented immigrants in Texas.
The Flag of Texas
11. The ballon-expendable stent that is used to unclog the blocked vascular vessels during coronary surgery was invented by Julio Palmaz at the University of Texas Health Science Center. The patent for the stent was awarded in 1985 and it was recognized as one of the “Ten patents that changed the world”.
12. Dr. Pepper Snapple Group is the oldest soft drink manufacturer in the U.S. The soft drink was invented by Charles Alderton in 1885. Dr. Pepper is one of the top three soft drinks in the U.S. Coca-Cola was introduced in the market in 1886.
13. In 1827, Seven Eleven opened its first chain in Dallas, Texas. It is also the first convenience store in the U.S. The chain was known as Tote’m Stores until it was renamed in 1946.
14. Frozen Margarita was invented in Texas by Mariano Martinez in 1971.
15. Two doctors namely Frank Gerow and Thomas Cronin are credited with the invention of breast implants. In 1962, the first of these implants were done on Timmie Jean Lindsay.
The State Quarter
16. The Highland Park Village in Texas is the first planned shopping center in the U.S. It was constructed in 1931.
18. The name Texas has originated from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
19. Less than 10% of Texas’ land area is desert.
Texas on the map
21. Texas is the 28th state to join the U.S. union.
22. Prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil were the four industries that shaped the state’s economy.
23. It is also a hot spot for the second largest group of fortune 500 companies in the U.S.
24. The Rio Grande is the largest river in Texas.
The Seal of Texas
25. Rocks as old as 1600 million years have been recognized in Texas.
26. Texas has the largest state capitol building and the highest speed limit of any state 
27. The famous phrase “Don’t mess with Texas” was coined by an advertising agency that was made responsible with the task to help the state with its anti-litter campaign. In 1980s Texas spent a whopping $20 million a year on cleaning up trash along its highways. The slogan became popular and is since then an unofficial slogan for Texas pride.
28. Austin, Texas was named after Stephen Austin, who established the state’s first American colony. Texas is named after the Indian word “Tejas” meaning “friends” or “allies”.
29. The state’s nickname the “Lone Star State” comes from the fact that it was once an independent country with its own single star flag.
30. Texas is the largest of the 48 contiguous states of the U.S., and the second largest overall, behind Alaska.
31. Texas is the leading producer of oil, natural gas, and sulfur in the country.
32. Two of the United States presidents were born in Texas. Lyndon Johnson and Dwight Eisenhower.
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